HOW TO MAKE A LESSON PLAN STEP BY STEP.

Nowadays, more and more people are looking for training and learning new skills to better position themselves in the job market or start a new career. That is why the demand for free courses is so high, both in the face-to-face and distance learning models. Anyone who wants to take advantage of this high in the market to teach classes needs to start with the most important step: the lesson plan .

The number of students enrolled in ODL in Brazil already exceeds the incredible mark of 3.8 million according to the MEC census and, in addition, the expectation is that, by 2020, the number of ODL students will exceed that of on-site courses. Have you thought about launching an EAD project, giving online classes and profiting a lot from your video content? So, one of the first steps to finally becoming an online teacher  is learning how to make an effective lesson plan .

In this article, you will learn how to carry out a complete lesson plan, in addition to being able to download, for free, an editable lesson plan template to use in your classes.

Have you ever stopped to think about what is one of the most important steps for a project to succeed? Planning, which many people ignore, is very important for the accomplishment of some task or project, after all, it is in this phase that you will define for sure which objective to reach and which steps must be taken to reach them. Each area of ​​activity requires specific planning for each stage of the project: the entrepreneur, before starting a company, makes the Business plan , the marketing manager prepares a marketing plan , and for the teacher, this document is the planning plan. class .

What not everyone knows is that a lesson plan is not just a set of notes about what will be taught, but a detailed document with specific information and a standard format. The lesson plan is considered a very important tool for the teacher, after all, it defines what will be taught, what methods are used, how you will evaluate the student’s learning, the teaching schedule and much more information. Knowing how to design a lesson plan can be the essential difference to your success.

If you have already noticed the excellent opportunity to work from home with distance learning and want to bet once and for all in this market, how about learning the step by step of how to put together a lesson plan? Continue reading that we teach you 😉

And look at this complete template that we prepared for you to set up your own plan and prepare classes that really make your students learn more! Are you interested in this editable template? Download for free here!

What is a lesson plan?

To work with education is to work with an enormous responsibility. The teacher, regardless of the subject he teaches, is responsible for the content he will teach the student and will often guide him through the entire learning process. That is why knowing how to make a lesson plan is so important. Making a lesson plan will leave the teacher prepared for the most diverse situations or questions that can happen in the classroom.

The lesson plan is a document in which the teacher, when planning what will be taught, records the theme of the class, which objective, the methodology to be used, how he will evaluate students’ learning, bibliographic references and many others information. And this document can be the difference between a good class and a bad class, after all, the more planning, the better the chance that you will reach the proposed goal with the class. This is where this document will be very useful.

How important is a lesson plan?

A great thing to keep in mind is that the lesson plan is not only for the student, but also very useful for the teacher. In addition to being extremely important when guiding students’ learning, the act of drawing up this plan leads the teacher to reflection and research as well. Being prepared is always the best way to avoid problems, and that is exactly how the teacher is as prepared as possible. That is, if the class is the student’s learning moment, the elaboration of the lesson plan can be considered the teacher’s learning moment. For those who want to teach online, the plan would act as a roadmap, ensuring that the teacher will stay focused on what is really relevant to the class.

Creating a plan with clear objectives is the best way to get diagnoses about your teaching methods. After all, if the goal is not being achieved, you can stop, reevaluate the methods, try to understand what is going wrong and create a new lesson plan.

But don’t worry, despite a lot of responsibility, the lesson plan is not a complicated document to make. Check, step by step, what it takes to write a great plan and give great classes. Come on?

How to make a lesson plan step by step.

Before you actually start writing the lesson plan, it is important to reflect on some questions. First, you must be very clear about who your student is and what he intends to learn from your classes. Think about what skills he wants to develop and how you intend to help him with that. Basically, asking yourself ‘who is my audience?’ and think about what he wants. Certainly, understanding your audience will help you a lot with the next steps.

Then, it is good to think about the following questions: “What is my intention with these classes?”; “What do I intend to teach?”; “What is my goal? In other words, what do I want to have achieved at the end of the class? ”. With that, you always keep in mind what you want and the work of preparing the plan is much easier. Also, always try to think that creating a good lesson plan comes from practice and, over time, you will be able to improve yours.

Now, let’s get to the data needed in every lesson plan. Starting with the theme and the objective.

Identification info.

At the top of the lesson plan it is worth putting your name, what is the name of the course you teach (very important for your organization if you give more than one subject!) And which classes will have this class.

If you do not consider it necessary, no problem, you can start with the topic and the objective of the class.

Theme and Objective.

It is important to think that the theme is what will be covered in that class, and not in the course in general. For example, if you are a Portuguese teacher for competitions, the class theme would not be ‘Portuguese’, but, for example, ‘action verbs’. The goal , on the other hand , is everything you want to achieve at the end of the class, that is, everything you want students to have learned. For example, following the Portuguese line for competitions, a class with the theme ‘action verbs’ can aim to: “Students understand the function of an action verb in the sentence”.

And the goal doesn’t have to be alone! You can list several things as the end goal of your class, for example, in addition to the goal listed above, it could also include “getting students to understand the difference between an action verb and the other types of verb.” and “Students understand how this type of subject is dealt with in competition issues”.

The objectives described in your lesson plan must have the following characteristics:

  • They must be  realistic : The teacher must not only imagine the objectives without regard to whether they are possible to be achieved. It is necessary to think about the students’ reality, what they already know and what it is possible to achieve in practice.
  • They must be feasible:  The objectives must be feasible within the reality of the time and materials available.
  • They must be specific : They need to clearly point out what must be achieved at the end of the lesson, to guide all the rest of the lesson planning.

Content.

The content, although developed separately from the previous section, must be elaborated in an articulated way with the objectives. After all, content is the means by which you will reach your goals, right?

The content is what you will present to the student to help him in learning. Not only the subject itself, with the concepts, but examples and information that come close to the student’s reality. The contents can be:

  • Conceptual : What the student should learn and know as concepts. Ex: Learning what entrepreneurship is.
  • Procedural : What the student must learn to do. Ex: Learn to solve second degree equations.
  • Attitudinal : What the student should learn to be. Ex: Learning to be more honest.

After defining what content you are going to pass you should think about how that content will be taught. Come on?

Methodology or strategy.

The methodology can be one of the most important parts of your lesson plan, as this is where you will captivate students and keep them attentive and interested. Think: Will it be an expository class? Will you use animations? Practical examples? Fixation exercises? All of this will contribute to students’ learning.

This point is especially important for those who work with video content and online classes, after all, when the student is not physically present, it is much easier for him to disperse and lose interest. In other words, the methodology must be specially designed for the online environment and worked to keep the student focused at all times.

And of course, it is always good to remember that each type of content fits best with a type of methodology, right? An expository class may not work very well for very complex subjects, as the student may be confused. Exercises may not work very well for philosophy classes, for example.

And an important tip: one of the most foolproof methods to captivate a student is to make him laugh, do you agree? We always remember more of those funny teachers, who used the best examples and jokes to teach us the subjects.

Download our free teaching guide here using humor and use these techniques for your classes! 😉

Didactic resources.

Here, you will place all the resources that will be necessary for your methodology to be fulfilled. For example, will you need any extra material, such as a video or a specific book? Where will you get these materials, if you don’t already have them? That way, you can plan ahead and get everything ready for the time of the class and not have delays that can compromise the schedule, which is exactly the next step in the lesson plan.

Schedule.

Often the content scheduled for the class is not possible to be spent in just one class hour, right? Especially if it is very complicated or there are many doubts. Therefore, in the timetable part of your lesson plan, you must put how much time it will take to reach the objectives.

For those who want to create an online course, it is always good to think that very large videos are not the best teaching strategy. The student may end up giving up halfway and you lose your audience. So, a good tip is to try to keep your lesson plan very concise and record shorter lessons. If necessary, separate the class into several videos, segmenting it well.

Evaluation.

And then, after all the work, how will you know if you’ve reached the proposed goal? What methods will you use to assess whether students have actually learned the content? This is exactly where you should include this type of information.

You can put fixation exercises and give them time to solve or, in the case of classes with tighter schedules, send home exercises !! (not the most popular method, but it is effective!)

But if I teach online, how will I make this diagnosis?

Tip : If your online course platform doesn’t allow interaction, set up a forum-style blog and encourage your students to leave comments there! You can ask questions or even ask them to share what they have learned with other students and with you! The creation of a blog can help – and a lot – to fill the lack of face-to-face interaction that occurs in online classes.

References.

As with some academic papers, references are the last part of your lesson plan. This is where you should break down all the sources used for the preparation of the lesson, the sources of content and exercises. That way, you keep all the content coherent and you can still be prepared to answer extra questions, if they appear. You can also recommend additional readings and further instill student interest.

 

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