For any teacher it is important to keep up-to-date on the most effective and current teaching methods , so that it can promote meaningful learning for students. It is clear that the times and the ways in which people learn have changed. The methods in which students were passive subjects have been left behind and now it is sought to actively involve them in their own training.
In this sense, it is necessary for teachers to know different work methodologies, since this way they can diversify the way they teach and choose the one that best suits the context, characteristics and needs of the students.
WHAT IS A TEACHING METHOD?
It can be defined as the set of decisions about the procedures to be followed and the resources to be used in the different phases of an action plan , and that logically sequenced allow to achieve the proposed objectives.
TEACHING METHODS THAT EVERY TEACHER SHOULD KNOW
Here are eight examples of teaching methods that will enrich your teaching practice . It is necessary to point out that we only include those that promote the active learning of students, and we leave out traditionalist methodologies such as the lecture or lecture.
1. PROJECT-BASED LEARNING
It is an integrative method that proposes the inclusion of the student in a real situation or problem that requires a solution or verification . Part of the student’s interest, and is characterized by applying in a practical way a proposal that allows solving a real problem from various areas of knowledge , said proposal is focused on activities that involve the development of a product of social utility.
2. FLIPPED CLASSROOM
It is based on “going around the class”, redirecting the attention giving it to the students and their learning, for this reason the educational materials (for example, readings or videos) are studied by the students at home and later they are worked on in the classroom. class . In this way, classroom time is optimized and students who require more support can be better served, as well as collective projects.
3. PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING
It is a methodology in which the solution to one or more problems is investigated, interpreted, argued and proposed, creating a simulated scenario of possible solution and analyzing the probable consequences . The problems raised should motivate students to participate in relevant scenarios that facilitate the connection between theory and its application. You can work with open or closed problems.
We recommend you read How are Project Based Learning and Problem Based Learning implemented?
4. DESIGN THINKING
It is an innovative method that helps solve problems in schools from simple solutions adapted to the students and the context. It consists of five phases that help drive development: discovery, interpretation, ideation, experimentation, and evolution . Each design process begins by addressing a specific problem, which is called a “design challenge.” The challenge must be approachable, understandable and achievable.
It is the application of game mechanics in the educational field, in order to stimulate and motivate competition, cooperation, creativity and the values that are common in all games . It is well known that this has already been applied in the classroom for a long time, although with the rise of video games, applications, as well as cell phones and tablets, it has been taken up again as a teaching methodology in schools.
6. THINKING BASED LEARNING
This method focuses on developing thinking skills, that is, going beyond memorization when working on the contents in the classroom . To achieve effective thinking, the aim is to encourage students to analyze, argue, relate and contextualize, so that the information becomes learning.
7. COOPERATIVE LEARNING
Cooperative learning goes beyond grouping tables and chairs, or throwing questions to the whole class, it is based on taking advantage of the diversity of ideas, abilities and skills to achieve joint objectives . Traditionally seen as a disadvantage, the heterogeneity of the classroom becomes an effective learning resource and the development of students’ potential is favored.
8. MONTESSORI METHOD
It is based on allowing children to explore, satisfy their innate curiosity and give them freedom to discover the world from their own experiences , respecting their learning rhythms. In the classrooms, it is recommended to mix boys and girls of different ages, allow them to choose the type of work they want to do and the materials to use, the role of the teacher focuses on being an observer and guide.
There is no doubt that each group of students is different, so no one is more qualified than the teacher to choose the method that best responds to the characteristics and needs of their students. It is recommended that, as education professionals, we know the different teaching methods that are emerging and that have proven to be applicable and produce good results.