Wild strawberry

The Strawberries need a temperate climate to grow smoothly. It is native to America and arrived with the first settlers from Virginia ( USA ). It arrived in Spain in the XIX century .

Summary

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  • 1 Taxonomy
    • 1 Scientific name
      • 1.1 Authors
    • 2 Combinations of this basonym
    • 3 Synonymy
    • 4 Common name
    • 5 Subspecies
  • 2 Your Story
  • 3 Properties
  • 4 Species
  • 5 Recommended for
  • 6 Conservation
  • 7 Its use
  • 8 Your consumption
  • 9 Your cultivation
    • 1 Conditions for harvesting
    • 2 Potting
    • 3 Harvest time
  • 10 Cuba and strawberries
    • 1 Species
    • 2 His sowing
  • 11 References
  • 12 Source

Taxonomy

Scientific name

  • Fragaria vesca L. [1]

Authors

  • Linnaeus, Carl von
  • Posted in: Species Plantarum 1: 494–495. 1753. (1 May 1753 ) [2]

Combinations of this basonym

  • Potentilla vesca (L.) Scop. [3]

Synonymy

  • Fragaria chinensis Losinsk.
  • Fragaria concolor Kitag.
  • Potentilla vesca (L.) Scop. [4] [5]

Common name

  • Wild strawberry, wild strawberry, strawberry.

Subspecies

  • Fragaria vescaAmerican
  • Fragaria vescabracteata
    • Fragaria vescabracteata f. albida
    • Fragaria vescabracteata f. bracteata
    • Fragaria vescabracteata f. helleri
  • Fragaria vescaCalifornia
  • Fragaria vescavesca
    • Fragaria vescavesca f. Sunrise
    • Fragaria vescavesca f. roseiflora
    • Fragaria vescavesca f. semperflorens [6]

His story

These small fruits have been eaten since time immemorial. Although in prehistory they were collected as wild strawberries, since the Middle Ages began with organized cultivation. Starting in the 17th century , thanks to hybridizations with the wild strawberry of America and the varieties with the largest fruits in Chile , the species that are known today emerged little by little.

Properties

Strawberries and strawberries contain in water, fiber, it has almost no calories , Carbohydrates ( fructose , Glucose and Xylitol ).

In addition they also contain:

  • Vitamins: C and a little E.
  • Minerals: Potassium , Magnesium , Calcium .
  • Other: Folate, Acid Citurico , Malic Acid , Acid Oxalic , Antioxidants . Flavoids .

Species

There are 2000 species belonging to the Rosaceae family among plants, shrubs and trees. Only the strawberry, which is perhaps the most consumed in Spain , there are 1000 varieties. The best known varieties are:

  • Queen of the Valleys: Spain. They are small, sweet, smell very good.
  • Camarosa (California strawberry): Good flavor, firm and red. The most consumed in Spain (90%).
  • Tudla: large, long, red strawberries.
  • Big Gold: California. They are orange, large and with a very good flavor.
  • Carthusian: strawberry, conical shape, sweet and red.
  • Charisma: strawberry, soft and large red.
  • Irving: strawberry, round, red, matte.
  • Bird: strawberry, bright red. It is the kindest class of all.
  • Jungle: summer strawberry, until the end of September.

 

Recommended for

  • The bone growth, tissues and nervous system in children.
  • Fluid retention problems (diuretic).
  • Intestinal transit problems, constipation (laxative power)
  • Renal insufficiency.
  • Uric acid: expels it. Gout.
  • Nervous system.
  • Detoxifying and purifying.
  • Strengthens the immune system, antibody formation.
  • Celiac disease.
  • Anti-inflammatory.
  • Skin, sight, teeth, bones
  • It favors the formation of red and white blood cells.
  • Stressful situations.

Conservation

Ripe strawberries should be kept in the shade and in a place sheltered from heat and humidity.

Its use

It is widely used in making jams and cakes. Its tender leaves can be consumed as a vegetable.

Your consumption

The European countries that consume the most strawberries in the Spanish market are France , Germany and the United Kingdom , followed by the rest of the European countries, but to a lesser extent.

His cultivation

Strawberry is the most popular variety of fruit in the summer months; in fact in the Netherlands she is called ‘the little queen of summer’. They are tasty, easy to grow and can even be harvested in pots on the terrace or balcony, it is exciting to see how the beautiful white flowers are transformed into delicious red fruits.

Harvest conditions

The plant likes a slightly acidic soil type , with good drainage. No water can remain around the roots, as this will immediately cause rot . If you grow the strawberries in beds in the garden, it is practical to raise the ground slightly.

To avoid diseases, it is advisable to create a new bedding every year and divide the specimens, remove the oldest parts and cultivate the newly formed seedlings. To obtain a rich harvest it is essential to pay well. In the fall you can apply an organic fertilizer such as manure or a dry manure granulate.

After cultivation, it is necessary to tread the soil well and water. In very sunny weather, it is best to temporarily cover young seedlings with old newspapers.

As soon as they start to flower, you have to water them regularly. During flowering it can be additionally fertilized with a potassium fertilizer dilutable in water. When the fruits start to ripen, it is a good idea to put a straw cap around it to keep the strawberries clean.

Growing in pots

The strawberry is also allowed to grow very well in pots. The recommendations above are also valid for this growth mode.

It is proposed that there be good drainage holes. Use quality potting soil. It is recommended to water it daily, especially in the flowering season. In hot weather the pots can dry in one day. Place the pots and planters in a sunny location not exposed to the wind.

 

Harvest time

Depending on the variety, the fruit can be harvested from the end of June until well into August . Especially in the case of long-fruiting varieties, the harvest is guaranteed.

Carefully collect those that are already ripe, that is, only those that are completely red. Always take the strawberries including the petals. This prevents plant disease and preserves the fruit for longer, if possible.

Cuba and strawberries

Although it might seem an impossible fact due to the conditions of our climate, the cultivation of fruit begins to enter the central province of Ciego de Ávila for commercial purposes. The Ceballos territory of Avila is evidenced by a seed bank, which the Citrus Company undertook through its Unit specialized in the production of vegetables.

 

Species

The planting of varieties adaptable to the Cuban climate such as the Missionary or Creole strawberry, the Chandler Oso Grande and the Rabunda will guarantee the obtaining of the stolons necessary to develop the crops whose fruits are priced at 2.40 euros per kilogram in the international market.

Your sowing

Although the cultivation of strawberry in Cuba for commercial purposes is an event, its presence in our soil is not so novel. This is how some workers like Amador assert that they have more than 20 years of experience in the subject.

Strawberry was first introduced to the archipelago in 1965 at the initiative of Fidel Castro Ruz . At that time, harvesting began in Banao located in the Sancti Spíritus region and later spread to the province of Havana . The productions were destined for the dairy industry. Now we resume that effort to plant the strawberry, the results of which have already been tested in the largest of the Antilles.

Cuba begins the strawberry cultivation without such high claims. This is just one more step in that great battle to expand the number and variety of our productions and minimize the purchase abroad of those that can germinate in our own land.

 

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