The classifications that are made with respect to animals are usually made by their physiological character, by their characteristics or by their behavior in terms of the way of feeding, respiration or reproduction.
However, there is a much more colloquial and human-centered differentiation, since the pre-eminence of people on earth made even animals think at some point as functional to human beings : some of the animals function as companions and as potential entertainment of people, and others for their ability to attack are not.
The most common distinction is made in an opposition between wild and domestic animals.
It can serve you:
- Vertebrate animals
- Invertebrate animals
The wild animals are those who live in freedom because they have not been domesticated by man: it is important to note that the name does not refer to specific cases of animals but species in general, so the condition of wild may not be for an individual but for the whole species. For example: anaconda, lion, rabbit, hawk.
There are very large species of wild animals, as well as very small ones: it is frequent that the former are not domesticated due to man’s fear of the harm he can inflict on them, while the smaller ones are not domesticated out of simple disinterest.
The environment in which they can live is air , water or the earth itself , in which case they obviously will not appear in the regions where many people live, but quite the opposite: the nickname of savages comes from the word jungle , which is the place where they occur most frequently.
Obviously, these are places that man knows and has arrived, but that he chose to respect and leave intact to sustain these species: natural reserves and national parks are established in order to preserve some species.
There are times, however, when human interest goes beyond the survival possibilities of the species and even disappears, which in itself constitutes a great paradox : the human being does not domesticate species for fear of damage that it can produce, but nevertheless it is capable with its indifference to destroy the entire species.
Examples of wild animals
Domestic animals are those that have undergone a process of domestication, that is, of adaptation to the use that human beings want to make of it: sometimes, this process took up long stretches of time and involved changes in behavior and even in physiognomy. of the animal. For example: bees, cat, reindeer, cow.
There are four types : company, farm, transport and laboratory. Domestic animals can be of different types, and sometimes man must adapt his form of enclosure for survival: cages for air animals, as well as aquariums or fish tanks for water animals are clear examples of the maintenance of the animal by the person, which must also include feeding and (sometimes) vaccination.
Many controversies arise around the domestication of animals, since sometimes there are very harmful effects for the creature: others argue, on the other hand, that in the case of domestic animals, the company is mutual and the human is in charge of feed and vaccinate the creature.
For transport, breeding or laboratory animals the justification seems more difficult, although sadly the reason for these domestications has always been based on a need and a demand of the great majority.
Examples of domestic animals
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