Parts of the recorder

The recorder is also called a recorder and is a woodwind instrument that is made up of a cylindrical tube that has eight offices, seven of these are located in the front and one in the back.


The sound is created when the interpreter blows through the mouthpiece of the flute causing the air to crash against the bezel, at the same time as using the fingers to plug and uncover the aforementioned holes. In this way the different musical notes are produced.

In the Renaissance era the recorder was built using and shaping families that are similar to the pitch distribution of the human voice, through consorts on stringed musical instruments, such as the viola, violin, double bass and the cello. For this reason there are several recorders that are less than 15 centimeters in length up to other models that are more than two and a half meters long.

The most popular and well-known is the alto flute, which is sometimes called the alto recorder and the soprano recorder. The latter is widely used in academic institutions for music teaching. The characteristic they have in common is that they all share the range of two and a half octaves and are usually tuned to F or C.


  • 1Parts of the recorder
    • 1Head
    • 2Body
    • 3Base (foot)

Parts of the recorder

Taking into account the quality, the material and the brand of the recorders they can be divided into two or three parts that are assembled and disassembled. The cheapest and simplest almost always come in one piece.

The recorder flutes that have better quality generally include three fundamental pieces: the head, the body and the base (foot).



From top to bottom it has the spout-like mouthpiece and the blowing slot, in this part the interpreter blows the air. The opening has a rectangular shape where the edge or bevel is located and also the lip of the flute. The head normally ends with a bulge through which the insertion is made with the body or object.


The body is cylinder-shaped, it is a little wider at the top and it has 6 front holes, another hole in the back called the Speaker, this is handled with the thumb of the left hand.

Base (foot)

This part only has a hole that is characterized by being single or double depending on the model and brand of the flute. This is handled with the little finger of the right hand. In conclusion at the base is the bell that provides sound and output to the notes that are produced.

Mostly professional recorders are divided into three parts, which makes the cleaning process easier. Besides, it makes it possible to modify the fingerboard if necessary, this causes the tone to drop by subtly dividing the head of the body.

Similarly, the foot can be rotated so that the final double hole remains in the most comfortable position for the interpreter.


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