Muhammad al-Ghazali. The Rational Philosopher Of Islam

Sheikh Muhammad Al-Ghazali is considered one of the most important scholars of the contemporary Islamic school of revival and renewal – which developed and crystallized at the hands of the martyr Imam Hasan Al-Banna, the father of pioneering and the pioneering phenomenon of Islamic vigilance – and his most prominent thinkers, as the books of Sheikh Muhammad Al-Ghazali combined represented an integrated intellectual system with a comprehensive and conscious vision in the face of The challenges that hindered the nation’s attempts to rise, progress and emancipation of all kinds.

The most prominent life stations of Sheikh Muhammad Al-Ghazali Study and Education: Sheikh Muhammad Al-Ghazali joined the religious institute of Al-Azhar as a student of Islamic science in Alexandria, so he obtained a primary and secondary certificate from the same institute, then in 1937 he enrolled in Al-Azhari Higher Education – College of Fundamentals of Religion – in Cairo and received knowledge on a group of leading scholars including: Imam Mahmoud Shaltout And he obtained from this college the international certificate then a license in preaching and guidance.

The series of literature formulated by Sheikh Muhammad Al-Ghazali, which began in 1947 with his book “Islam and Economic Conditions,” embodied the features of his intellectual project, which is characterized by a positive and effective positive response to the challenges facing the nation. He joined the Muslim Brotherhood: In the same year in which he joined the College of Fundamentals of Religion, he met the imam, the martyr Hassan al-Banna, was influenced by him and was educated on his hands, and he became a member of the Muslim Brotherhood, and at that time his most important intellectual transformation began. His literary and intellectual talents were revealed: At the hands of the martyr Imam Hassan al-Banna and in the press of the Muslim Brotherhood – one of whose writers was – literary and intellectual talents were opened, as he was writing in the Muslim Brotherhood magazine in a fixed chapter under the title “Free Thoughts”, until he was called ” Writer.

Tribulations and misfortune: Like any free rabbinical scholar who is attached to the loopholes of his call without fatigue or boredom, Sheikh Muhammad Al-Ghazali was arrested in the royal era after a decision to dissolve the Brotherhood was issued in December 1948 and spent nearly one year in Al-Tor detention center, and less than a year during investigations with the martyr Sayyid Qutb 1965.

Its independence from the Muslim Brotherhood: After the emergence of the July revolution on the political stage that failed to contain the Brotherhood, Gamal Abdel Nasser succeeded in exploiting some positions to bring the members of the group and its new leadership, and a dispute broke out between a group of members – among them Sheikh Muhammad Al-Ghazali – and the second guide of the Brotherhood Professor Hassan Al-Hudhaibi, and following this dispute, Sheikh Muhammad Al-Ghazali became independent of the Muslim Brotherhood, which gave him freedom of the thinker and the independence of the renewed.

The intellectual project of Sheikh Muhammad Al-Ghazali Embodied a series of books penned by Sheikh Mohammed al – Ghazali, which began in 1947 , his book “Islam and economic conditions” intellectual project milestones, which is characterized by the positive response actors and direct challenges faced by the nation on its way towards progress and salvation, and these major challenges suffered by Sheikh Al – Ghazali in his works:

powers Anti-Islam: Sheikh Al-Ghazali confronted all anti-Islam currents and stood up to their dangers and effects. In the face of colonialism, his book was “Colonialism is hatred and greed.” In the face of international Zionism, his book was “Harvesting Vanity,” and in the face of Christianization his book was A warning shout out from the advocates of Christianization. In the face of communism, his book “Islam in the Face of Red March” was written.

Financial tyranny and social injustice: In the face of this challenge that paralyzed the capabilities of the Islamic nation and disrupted its material and literary talents, Sheikh Muhammad Al-Ghazali drafted a number of publications, including: “Islam and Economic Conditions”, “Islam and Socialist Approaches” and “Islam slandered between capitalists and communists”.

Political tyranny: In the face of this challenge that reaped the Islamic nation and deprived it of the fruits of the Shura, Sheikh Muhammad Al-Ghazali drafted a number of books, including: “Islam and political tyranny” and “human rights between the teachings of Islam and the United Nations Declaration” and “political corruption in Arab societies” And Islamic. ”

Challenges of Western civilization: Sheikh Muhammad Al-Ghazali fought a number of battles in the face of Western challenges that were trying to obliterate Islamic civilization discrimination, copying his identity, and deforming his spirit, so he wrote a number of books, including: ”

The material distributed by Sheikh Al-Ghazali on these platforms together represented an Islamic school in understanding Islam from its pure springs of impurities The Islamic Self: After the individual’s intellectual system was distorted by the sediments inherited from the ages of decadence and Western waves of western distortion and distortion, Sheikh Al-Ghazali published many books in the field of enlightenment and insight into the facts of Islam, uncovering adulterated religiosity and chasing the misunderstanding of Islam, and these writings included a reworking of the Islamic self, including: “Creation of a Muslim”, “Muslim belief”, “renew your life”, “in the procession of preaching,” “this is our religion,” “reflections on religion and life,” “pillars of faith between reason and heart” and “not from Islam.”

Inertia and Tradition: In the face of this challenge that has underestimated the Islamic mind and diminished the possibility of dealing with the developments presented in this era, Sheikh Muhammad Al-Ghazali presented an Islamic approach to how to deal with texts and distinguished between the infallible sources of Islam and the infallible Islamic thought and refused to close the door of ijtihad on the pretext that The first two did not call for scope for ijtihad and innovation in a number of his books, including: “The Prophetic Sunnah between the People of Jurisprudence and the People of Hadith” and “The Constitution of Cultural Unity Among Muslims”.

Different methods of advocacy for Sheikh Ghazali In addition to that Sheikh Al-Ghazali enriched the Islamic Library with his books, which amounted to about sixty books over a period of fifty years. Sheikh Al-Ghazali created in all fields of advocacy. Which Sheikh Al-Ghazali distributed on these platforms together is an Islamic school in understanding Islam from its pure springs of impurities.

Between the sincerity of al-Ghazali and the hypocrisy of today’s scholars The pen strives while writing about Sheikh Al-Ghazali, as he represented with his stances an honorable model in the free, divine world that did not obtain from his determination years of arrest and abuse, and he continued to truth about the truth, even if it was bitter and he did not fear a blame of blame, in 1974 he opposed the state in many of its policies through his sermons The state was fed up with his opposition, and ended up preventing the sheikh from public speaking at the Amr ibn al-Aas mosque, and stripping him of his position that he was holding as general manager of the Da`wa, and after Sheikh Al-Ghazali traveled to Saudi Arabia, he was promoted in 1981 to the position of Undersecretary of the Ministry of Endowments for Da`wah Affairs, and after his difference with the state’s policy in Reconciliation with Israel I told him.

Warm and appreciated Scholar al-Qaradawi wrote about him and said: “We are in front of a free thinker who lived his entire life for Islam, not sharing anything else with him, and vowed to him his thought and his heart, his tongue and pen, his struggle and his diligence, and he fought the battles of his entire life under the banner of Islam, rejecting every flag of ignorance, with any name It appeared, under which title was adorned for people, taking the slogan: (My prayers, asceticism, my lives, and my death are for God, the Lord of God Almighty …) . He took no other than God as ruler, and did not seek anything but God, but no Lord but God.

And Dr. Mohamed Emara wrote about it, and said: “Sheikh Al-Ghazali was not just a diligent and renewed mind … nor merely an advocate who carries the concerns of the Ummah, and has been equestrianly attached to the gaps of Islam over a period of fifty years in which he left for us about sixty books, except for articles, speeches, lectures and dialogues, which will remain A bureau of intellectual jihad for the sake of renaissance, enlightenment, progress and renewal, and the “University of Islamic Thought” in which generations are brought up. Who was flooding from this big heart.

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