One time when the evening prayer arrived, Amir, Syamsul, Umar and Lia went to the mosque simultaneously from their respective homes. They will all perform the Maghrib prayer at the Masjid al-Hakim which is not far from their home.
On the way they met with Mr. Ali, who also wanted to perform the Maghrib prayer in congregation. The children then saluted Mr. Ali. Pak Ali quickly answered their greetings.
While walking with Mr. Ali invites the children to not be busy when the prayer is being held, Mr. Ali told them to read Surah Al-Fatihah while the Imam was standing and listen to the reading of short letters read by the Imam. They also agreed to Mr. Ali’s invitation.
What is Surat Al-Fatihah
The children said yes to Mr. Ali’s invitation because indeed a few days before they had a little lesson and an explanation of what was Surat al-Fatihah ??
Surah al-Fatihah in accordance with its meaning is the letter ‘Opener’. in addition to its opening, this letter is also used to initiate the Koran that we read. This letter consists of seven verses and belongs to the Makkiyah letter class. The letter was revealed in the city of Mecca.
The readings from the verse of Surat al-Fatihah are:
The meaning of Surah Fatihah itself is as follows:
- In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
- Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds
- Most Gracious, Most Merciful
- Who mastered on Judgment Day
- We only worship you, and only you ask for help
- Show us the straight path
- (that is) The way of those whom You have given them favor; not (the way) they are wrathful and not (also the way) those who are misled
Pak Ali who taught about reciting Surah al-Fatihah was also briefly asked by the children about whether there was another designation for Surah al-Fatihah. Pak Ali quickly answered, “There certainly are, many designations for al-Fatihah.
The mention of al-Fatihah is Umm al-Kitaab which means the Mother of the Qur’an, and there are also those who call it Ash-Syifaa which means “healer or medicine”. The mention of Surat al-Fatihah as a drug is based on the hadith narrated by Abdul Malik bin ‘Umairin where the Messenger of Allah said as follows:
«فِي فَاتِحَةِ الْكِتَابِ شِفَاءٌ مِنْ كُلِّ دَاءٍ» (رواه الدّارمي)
“In the letter of al-Fatihah there is a healer of various diseases” (HR. Darimi)
Related article: Learning and Memorizing Prayers Before Sleeping and After Waking Up (Arabic and Latin)
Learn About Surat al-Ikhlash
Arriving at the mosque, Mr. Ali also invites children to pray sunnah first. While waiting for iqomah to be echoed. The children were invited to approach Pak Ali, he wanted to teach one of the letters which the letter also had its own privilege, namely Surat al-Ikhlash.
Mr. Ali immediately took the Koran and then opened the Surah al-Ikhlas. The children quickly followed Pak Ali’s reading, although the reading was still not perfect they all learned how to read while gradually memorizing the letter.
Surah al-Ikhlas consists of four verses, where the verses focus on the teachings of monotheism. Where explains that Allah SWT. The Essence of the One, the Essence of the One, not begotten and begotten, and there is nothing equal to Him.
Surat al-Ikhlas is also included in the category of Makkiyah letters . This letter was also revealed after the an-Naas letter. Named al-Ikhlas because this letter does contain entirely the purity and oneness of Allah, as explained above.
Hopefully from the short story above, we can learn more to read thanksgiving, we can practice writing verses of the Koran above, which we often listen to in the mosques or prayer rooms around our homes.