If we look deeply into the global crises, it will come out of hidden text that these are numberless. No one strategy could claim to solve them, but’ to pave way for further solution to the problem. Unfortunately our country is also one of the crises hit. Every government vows and tries to eliminate those problems but always few more new problems have been aroused out of the old stock.
Unemployment is one of those serpents which is day by day increasing its length to gulp our economy. But for the time being this problem can be solved with the cooperation of industrialists. Almost every developing country is facing them in one form, or another. Even the highly industrialism capitalist countries had to face these, in the transitional period of development. To tackle these problems they adopted various measured and passed effective legislation but to no effect. Eventually they solved these problems by organizing their economies on the principle of social justice.
Importance of social justice for a society can be judged from the fact that even today it is considered an important pillar of every progressive society. Its political, economic, educational and judicial policies, etc., are fashioned in its light even big capitalist countries such as USA. Japan and Germany are obliged to adopt in one form or the other. The governments of these countries frame their policies in a way that may satisfy the majority of the population. All citizens are treated legally equal. They are guaranteed equal status and provided equal opportunities in every field of life. Positive steps to improve relations between have been taken. If and when any member of such a society is out of work, he is compensated promptly, enabling him to live an honorable life. Such countries are popularly known as the ‘welfare states.’
Some of the third world nations which have been able to develop their resources and industrialize their countries, have also fashioned their policies on social justice. Its basic requirement is to decrease the gap between the haves and the have-nots. These countries have taken a number of steps to achieve this objective. Absentee landlordism has been abolished and a ban has been placed on various items of luxury including the construction of palatial buildings by the affluent section of the society.
The social order established by the Holy Prophet (PBUH) was based on such beneficial principles that today these have been adopted by the non-Muslims in this modern age. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) after eliminating absentee landlordism from the Islamic state also placed a ban on the construction of palatial buildings.
It is reported that one day the Holy Prophet (PBUH) went outside Al-Madina. On the way he saw a grand building which was newly constructed by a Companion. He enquired about the name of the owner and was told that it belonged to an Ansari Companion. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) disliked the building that gave the Ansari an edge over Companions. Later when the same Companion came to see him and saluted him, the Holy Prophet (PBUH) purposely ignored him. The Companion tried his best to attract the attention of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) but he did not respond. Actually such an attitude on the part of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) amounted to a social boycott of the Companion. It compelled the Ansari Companion to realise that he had committed some serious mistake. He requested help from other Companions.
They told him that the Holy Prophet (PBUH) had gone outside the city, had noticed it on his way and had not liked it. On hearing this, the Ansari Companion went straight to his building and demolished it and apologized.’ On this the Holy Prophet (PBUH) remarked that all the believers should note that every building would be a source of trouble for its owner except that which is indispensable for his personal needs.
Wearing of gold ornaments by men or women had been and still is another source of corruption in every society. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) banned their use by both the sexes and allowed the women to wear every family could afford.2 It is a common sense in our society that people who provide gold ornaments to their womenfolk have to adopt corrupt methods.
These steps by the Holy Prophet (PBUH) discouraged the accumulation of wealth by a few and it resulted in the circulation of money in the society, creating job opportunities for the unemployed. He, after abolishing landlordism, distributed the land among the actual tillers free of cost.
In short the Holy Prophet (PBUH) solved the problems of corruption and unemployment by establishing the Islamic social order. The steps taken by him in this respect were so effective that they are being adopted even by the non-Muslim in this modern age