Fragaria

Fragaria . A genus with several species of creeping plants commonly called strawberry and its edible fruit is called strawberry .

Summary

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  • 1 Origin and distribution
  • 2 Taxonomy
    • 1 Scientific name
      • 1.1 Authors
    • 2 Common name
    • 3 Type species
    • 4 Species
  • 3 Nutritional properties
  • 4 References
  • 5 Sources

Origin and distribution

The genus Fragaria appears in the wild in America , Asia and Europe . In this last continent there are references about its consumption since the times of ancient Rome . The cultivation of small fruit species ( F. vesca , F. alpina and F. viridis ) extended in Europe until the end of the 19th century , at which time hybrids began to emerge between European and American large fruit species. ( F.chiloensis and F.virginiana ) giving rise to the hybrids with larger fruits that are known as strawberries.

Taxonomy

Scientific name

Fragaria L. [1]

Authors

  • Linnaeus , Carl von
  • Posted in: Species Plantarum 1: 494–495. 1753 . (1 May 1753 ) [2]

Common name

  • Strawberries

Type species

  • Fragaria vesca L. [3]

Species

  • Fragaria × ananassa (Weston) Duchesne
  • Fragaria australis (Rydb.) Rydb.
  • Fragaria campestris Steven
  • Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Duchesne
  • Daltonian Fragrance J. Gay
  • Fragaria gracilis Losinsk.
  • Mexican fragrance Schltdl.
  • Fragaria moupinensis (Franch.) Cardot
  • Fragaria nilgerrensis Schltdl. ex J. Gay
  • Fragaria nubicola (Hook. F.) Lindl. ex Lacaita
  • Fragaria orientalis Losinsk.
  • Fragaria pentaphylla Losinsk.
  • Fragaria tibetica Staudt & Dickoré
  • Fragaria vesca L.
  • Fragaria virginiana Duchesne
  • Fragaria yezoensis HARA [4]

Nutritional properties

One cup (100 g) of strawberries contains approximately 34.5 calories and is an excellent source of vitamin C and flavonoids .

Fruit

Composition for each 100g edible:

Calories 34.5
Water 85%
Carbohydrates (g) 7
Fiber (g) 9.9
Potassium (mg) 150
Magnesium (mg) 13
Calcium (mg) 40
Vitamin C (mg) 60
Folates (µg) 69
Vitamin E (mg) 0.2

 

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