Flowers. The aesthetic structure of the orchid tree gives it a unique prominence in the structure and the attractive appearance of its flowers. Unique to flower lovers, the orchid flower is undeniably unique. So the price is a little higher. The smart people take it at the right price. That is why so much demand in the international market. Each year, billions of dollars of orchids are bought and sold.
Orchids are the flowers of the Orchidaceae family. They are a seedling like rice, wheat, whereas they are a long-lived plant. It is a huge family in the flowering plant world. The population of this family now stands at nine hundred and the species number more than thirty thousand. It’s so hard to know the biodiversity so great that it is so well known. Orchids are found on all continents of the earth. As a result, it is not the flower of a particular area but its birthplace around the world. However, it is more commonly observed in tropical areas. Asia in particular, They are more commonly found in South America and Central America. They were born in the mountainous regions of nature in their care. Thousands of varieties of orchids have been created in the forest, invisible to all, by nature. Flower-loving people have taken shelter in the humid environment by bringing these trees from the jungles and mountains. Tropical orchids migrated from the Bahamas to England in the nineteenth century. From then on, the English began to make many attempts to cultivate orchids.
Human interest in orchids is not new. Forest orchids have got human attention since ancient times. Then the man learned the nature of it. Its lineage has targeted the art of spreading. And that is why people have learned that most of their lions are actually poor. Other trees find shelter, but they grow. Knowing this fact, people started planting orchids on tree trunks, wood pots, coconut shells or hanging tubes. However, the ground orchids are still there. They can be grown on the ground or in the tub as little as 5. There are some living orchids.
Mulberry orchids survive on shelter, but they are not dependent on shelter plants for food. Most of the orchids in the equatorial region are of this nature. The dominant orchid tree converts to a number of aerial roots. Sometimes these roots can grow up to several meters in length. In the old part of the root, a transformed sponge-like exterior is formed. It’s called a whaleman. This system was developed to absorb water from the air. The origin of the dominant orchid is long, thick, and thick. They receive food from the air through the root. Land orchids also make originals. The root of them is original, looking like thin cotton.
Orchids have some special characteristics compared to other flowering plants. They are long-lived and grass-fed. They have no permanent wood structure. They have three rounds of flowers and three petals. What is even more interesting is that they see their circles very much like a papaya. Their stools and spinal cord are close together and their seeds are extremely small and do not depend on their own survival.
Orchids are of two types in physical consideration. An orchid tree has a long and narrow stem. On the opposite side of the bud, the short and long leaves spread out. The roots are quite thick and few in number. A kind of aerial root is extracted from the stem. From their growing parts, flowers are produced from leaves and leaflets. This is called monopodial orchid. Wanda, Erdis, Binocostylis are some examples of this orchid.
Another type of orchid is called sympodial orchid in terms of physical formation. A branch arises from a type of artificial leaflet or root of a stem. On the other hand a bunch of bits get out of it and get a certain shape. Then the flower and its growth are discarded. They do not actually rise upward but are increased laterally. Flowers are formed from the tip of the branch. Catalia, Dendrobium, Sympodium are some examples of sympodial orchids.
Orchids can be spread in two ways. One is the sexual way and the other is the non-sexual way. The seeds of orchids are really tiny. As a result, there are a large number of seeds. In some species there are more than one million seeds per capsule. When the fruits are ripe, they spread like powder. These seeds cannot germinate alone because their seeds do not have any stored food. Basidiomycetes can establish a pathogenic relationship with fungi that are the only seeds that can germinate through fungi and germinate. Only a few of the lucky ones get such an opportunity to germinate and transform into a complete plant. All other seeds germinate often. That is why they get the chance to germinate a few seeds because they make sense of such a large number of seeds.
Horticulturists will produce orchid flowers without fully relying on such natural sexual strategies. They have invented the excellent cultivation of orchid seeds through artificial insemination. As a source of energy, the main cultivating element of white beans is mixed with agar as a means of seed germination. Seeds are used as food by using various sugar mixtures. Sometimes it can be done by mixing banana, pineapple, peach or tomato paste or coconut water. All it has to do is go to the tissue culture lab. Agar is a type of gel made by mixing all these energy sources with agar and then dissolving it in a controlled environment and pouring it into a test tube or jar. Planting seeds and waiting for a few days can be found in large numbers of saplings.
There are also some problems with the culture of tissue from seed to production. Seed breeding takes a long time. Many times it takes four to five years to reach such a flowering state. Moreover, there is no guarantee that the seeds of the tree that grow through the seed will be exactly like the maternal plants. Nowadays, however, it is possible to grow a lot of saplings in a short space of time by cultured the tissue with different parts of the orchid tree. Many of these plants are now highly valued because of the fact that the mammals produce flowers like the flowers of the mother plant.
Orchids are also grown in strange ways. Where there is no opportunity for tissue culture, orchids are spread only in unique ways. In the case of monopodial orchids, offspring are spread using branch pens or gutta pens. Sympodial orchids can be propagated by dividing tree organs. Saplings can also be made by separating the offset of the orchids of the Dendrobium and Epridendrum classes.
Scientists are also keen on developing orchids. Scientists have also been successful in integrating the characteristics of one orchid into another. In many countries, hybrid varieties of orchids have been made. Demand for these orchids has increased a lot for people. The diversity of a hybrid is greater. The number of flowers on any tree has also increased. Some hybrid orchids have different shape and shape of their flowers. Some species have increased the preservation of flowers. The number of orchids of such hybrid varieties is now more than one hundred and twenty five thousand. Ten thousand or more hybrid varieties are being studied every year in different countries of the world. Orchid is very popular as a cut flower. The flowers of hybrid orchid varieties are brighter, more pigmented and more time consuming as they have created a different value in the market.
Creating orchid varieties is as easy as hybridizing. After the orchid pollen nature, pollinators can easily fly from one species of tree to another. The seeds are made. That’s why every orchid tree is a new orchid. If artificial hybridization is done to create the species, it has to be done in a controlled manner. The seeds have to germinate through artificial means. Millions of saplings are then made by cultured tissue of excellent hybrid orchids. These orchids have similarly flowered flowers. It is just as the breed is chosen. As one species of the same species is combined with another, The same is done with flowers of one species and flowers of another species. Thus, hybrid varieties have been created in many countries by inter-species hybridization. Sometimes, however, one orchid has been synthesized with another orchid. In many cases, seeds have also been obtained from intergranular hybridization. He germinated the seeds and picked them from the hybrid varieties. Many countries have again made new hybrid varieties by doubling the number of chromosomes of the hybrid varieties. Symbidium, Phalaenopsis, Catalia, Lalia, and Sphronitis masses have developed a hybrid orchid that uses a chromosome number enhancement technique, one of which is much larger in size and has a higher hybrid strength.
During this time, the development of orchids has begun to apply gene technology. Try to get the missing fruit by bringing an infected gene from another tree to the orchid tree. The process of adding immune genes, especially for the creation of pathogenic orchids, is fast approaching. Creating a virus-resistant orchid flower tree has gone a long way.
Orchids are now in great demand in developed countries. India, Taiwan, Malaysia, Sri Lanka and Thailand have now begun exporting orchid flowers. In Bangladesh too, some euphemistic orchard lovers have learned the technique of cultivating orchids. Orchid cultivation is progressing somewhat at the individual level due to the demand for orchids. No studies have yet been started on the development of orchids in this country. As a result, there was no question of hybrid breeding. To enter the orchid market overseas, the opportunity to go ahead with only a few varieties of wildlife is very limited. Due to this, all the good hybrid varieties from abroad should be brought to the country by cultivating the tissue culture and producing the seedlings. He should get the plants with good management. Only then can it be guaranteed to be handed over to the importers. Investing in orchid research and orchid cultivation under public-private partnership (PPP) activities can be an excellent source of foreign exchange. In addition to meeting the domestic demand, there are opportunities for export of orchids in many countries Could Not all flowers, like the orchids, with long conservation flowers may be the number one priority of our foreign flower trade.