Definition of Fasting and Types of Fasting – All Muslims who have reached the age of baligh are required to carry out fasting. Now on this occasion, aboutKnowledge Knowledge will discuss about the meaning of fasting and its kinds.
Of course we who are Muslims already know in broad terms about fasting, which is to refrain from not eating and drinking from a predetermined time or a full day. For more details, let us consider the following explanation.
Table of Contents [ hide ]
- 1Definition of Fasting and Types of Fasting
- 1Definition of Fasting
- 2Types of Fasting
- 2.1Mandatory Fasting
- 2.2Fasting Sunnah
- 2.3Fasting Makruh
- 3Share this:
- 4Related posts:
Definition of Fasting and Types of Fasting
Let’s discuss the notion of fasting carefully first.
Definition of Fasting
Literally, fasting or shaum in Arabic means refraining from anything. So, fasting is abstaining from things such as food, drink, talk, hold the passion and lust, etc. .
Whereas in terms of fasting, namely refraining from anything that can cancel fasting that starts from dawn until sunset . In the Qur’an, Al-Baqoroh verse 187 explains the obligation to fast.
There are several types of fasting, among others:
- The obligatory fasting consists of: fasting Ramadan, nadzar and kafarat.
- Sunnah fasting which consists of: fasting monday thursday, muharam, syawal, arofah etc.
- Makruh fasting which consists of fasting which is devoted on Friday and Saturday.
- Haram fasting which consists of fasting Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha and fasting as long as you know.
Fast Ramadan . It is a full month of fasting during the month of Ramdhan which is a law that is required for every Muslim Muslim. The obligation to perform fasting during the month of Ramadan is found in the Qur’an of Al-baqoroh letter 183.
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Fasting nadzar . Fasting is the result of a promise, the language is a promise. So fasting is legally required.
Fast to the heathen or the kifar . It is a fast held in place of a dam or a fine for a lawful violation. The fast is paid for the sins committed, so that it is intended to erase the sin that has been committed. As for various fasting fasts, among others: infidelity for breaking the oath in the name of Allah, infidelity in performing pilgrimage, infidelity for rites’ or in relation to the body of a husband during the month of Ramadan, killing accidentally, killing an animal while in ihram.
Fasting sunnah is Monday . The Prophet ordered his people to fast on Mondays and Thursdays, because Monday was his birthday and Thursday was the first day the Qur’an was revealed. And on Monday also, the deeds of the human being were checked, so that when he wanted to be examined, he was fasting.
Fasting sunnah early . Fast six days in the beginning of the month or after the month of Ramadan. It can be done sequentially starting from the second day of the beginning or done sequentially. The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: “The priority of fasting Ramadan and the accompanying fasting is like one who fasted for one year (HR. Muslim).
Muharrom fasting . Namely fasting in the month of Muharram and the most important thing is on the 10th day of the month of Muharram namely assyuro ‘. This fasting has its virtues and most importantly after Ramadan fasting.
Fast fasting . It is fasting on the 9th day of Dzuhijjah, where the privilege is to abolish sins of the past year and sins of the coming year (HR. Muslim). The sins involved are specific to the minor sins, as the major sins can only be forgiven through repentance or repentance.
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Fasting in the month of Sha’ban . During the month of this month, all charities will be assigned to the Lord so that they will be commanded to fast more.
Fasting David . Namely fasting by the prophet David and the way that is fasting a day and not a day or by intermittent interruption and fasting is very favored by Allah SWT.
If fasting on Friday or Saturday, with the intention of being special or intentional then the law is void unless it is intended or intended to indulge in fasting Ramadhan, fasting due to nadzar or kifarat.
- Eid Eid . The one that fell on the 1st Syawal was designated as a Muslim feast. On this day, fasting is banned because it is a day of victory for fasting a full month of Ramadan.
- Eid Hari Raya Eid . On the 10th Dzulhijjah is the feast of the qurban and the second feast of the Muslims. Fasting on this day is forbidden.
- Tasyrik Day . Fall on 11, 12 & 13 Dzulhijjah.
- Fast daily or throughout the year and forever.