Classrooms-Museum . Local than in a museum, it is used to promote the study of history and museology in children of Cuban primary education. This project, which was born on the initiative of Eusebio Leal and has been successful, consists of moving children from schools to museums to receive teaching there. In this way, children get closer to heritage, make it their own and feel closer to the objects that surround them.
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- 1 Origins
- 2 Formation of the Classrooms-Museum
- 3 Features
- 1 Classrooms-Museum in Old Havana
- 2 Classrooms-museum in Santiago de Cuba
- 2.1 Acceptance
- 2.2 News
- 4 Advantages
- 5 External links
- 6 Sources
In 1994 , a new experience in the care provided by museums to educational centers was carried out in the capital city of Centro Habana . This experience, the idea of the city historian Eusebio Leal Spengler , was motivated at the beginning by a material need, since some schools in that community presented serious construction problems and their students were transferred to different improvised classrooms in the museums of the historic center to continue your educational process in them.
The results achieved by the application of this initiative led to the creation of the first Classrooms-Museum. This experience has spread to other provinces such as Santiago de Cuba and has gained great acceptance over time.
Formation of the Classrooms-Museum
Within the guidelines of the cultural and educational policy of the Party and the Government of Cuba, museums and monuments have an important task to fulfill, since they contribute to the integral formation of children, youth and people in general.
The Classrooms-Museum play a fundamental role in this training, since they pay special attention to the work of sociocultural animation and allow to establish a closer link between the institution and the members of the surrounding community to which the activity is directed, than in this case, they are the children of the primary education.
Museum-classrooms are spaces within a museum, which are used to promote the study of history and museology in primary school children. In them, students not only develop their knowledge of history, but establish a link with the institution and what it treasures.
Classrooms-Museum in Old Havana
There are multiple activities and initiatives organized in the Historic Center of Havana where children have a leading role. One of the projects that literature has always linked to heritage has been that of the Classroom-Museum with the training of child heritage guides. This community work has classrooms-museums in very unique spaces such as the Casa de África , the Casa de los Árabes , the Casa de México (ethnographic museums), the Casa Osvaldo Guayasamín , the Rubén Martínez Villena Public Library and in open spaces such as the Hans Christian Andersen Ecological Garden .
The Children’s Book Festival held every year from the end of March until April 2 constitutes a space of vital importance. During their days, children and family members come to the interesting museum-classroom project and unravel how it works. The event is around two important dates for the literary universe: March 31, Cuban Book Day, and April 2, the birth of Danish author Hans Christian Andersen, known as “The Prince of Tales”. It has among its objectives that the children know professions and trades related to the book: publishing, illustration, writing, the work of librarians. To this are added other artistic manifestations, since there are plastic art exhibitions, theater and dance presentations and meetings with the authors.
In the exhibition in the Plaza de San Francisco de Asís in 2015, the pioneers of Old Havana told the story of the bears to the elders of the grandparents’ circles, an intergenerational meeting that led to the United Buddy Bears exhibition, a show that will for the world promoting tolerance and understanding among peoples, cultures and religions.
Children’s Party of the Classrooms Museums 2016.
Pioneers of the museum classrooms of Old Havana tell about an exhibition of bears.
Museum Room of the Rubén Martínez Villena Provincial Public Library (Havana) .
Museum Museum of the Walloon Showcase .
Classrooms-museum in Santiago de Cuba
Although the creation of the classroom-museum turned out to be the solution to specific material and conjunctural problems in the first moments for the City of Havana , in Santiago de Cuba the experience was taken of what it meant to insert children in said institutions, as the Sociocultural Project and the special work that was done with them.
The 4 of February of 2000 during the celebration of the Assembly of Balance of the Center Provincial Cultural Heritage, held the signing of the agreement between the entity and the Provincial Department of Education, which was launched to experience in Santiago from Cuba.
Ten days later, on February 14, the inaugural ceremony was held, which was based at the Abel Santamaría Museum , with the participation of the Municipal and Provincial Directorates of Education, the Provincial Center for Cultural Heritage, the students and faculty of Primary School # 34 “José Luis Gómez Wangüemert” , as well as a representation from the Methodological Department of the Provincial Heritage Center and museum workers.
In this way, five Classrooms-Museum were established in the province: three in the main municipality ( Museo Abel Santamaría Cuadrado , Historical Museum 26 de Julio and Plaza de la Revolución “Mayor General Antonio Maceo” ) and two in the Segundo Frente Municipality .
Initially, this idea suffered from the reluctance of the staff of the institutions, due to the belief that the presence of the pioneers could affect the attention of visitors and in maintaining adequate cleanliness of the property.
Together with the above and the insufficient existence of premises in a large number of institutions in the municipality, the program was limited in scope. In 2001 its application was stopped in two of the institutions due to irregularities in its development, remaining only in the Abel Santamaría Cuadrado Museum .
On the recommendation of the Commander of the Revolution Juan Almeida Bosque in 2002 , the work carried out to date by the Classrooms-Museum was reviewed, and the program continued at the Abel Santamaría Cuadrado Museum and was revitalized in the Plaza de la Revolución and the Historical Museum July 26. In May of the same year, recognition was given to the first of them, for having been the only one that had been operating as such continuously.
The Museo Histórico 26 de Julio with the Classroom-Museum program has enabled positive results that contribute to the consolidation of the museum-school relationship and has helped to strengthen children’s interest in history and museology.
- Fostering interest in national and local history
- Possibility of advancing knowledge about the history of Cubabefore receiving the class at school
- Insertion of students in historical places
- Greater participation of students in sociocultural animation activities
- Conversion into energizing agents of the Sociocultural Project in the community
- Multiplication of knowledge with the family and other students
- Improving student discipline and behavior habits
- Strengthening love for martyrs and heroes
- Increased care and preservation of the environment
- Development of investigative activities based on competitions and others
- Strengthening the link between the school and other cultural institutions
- The use of the historical site according to the educational teaching process
- Better teaching performance
- Support of technical staff to the results of the teacher’s teaching in the classroom
- Sensitization of technical personnel to the benefits shown by the work of museum classrooms for the socialization of heritage