Central Coffee and Cocoa Research Station. Located in the municipality of Tercer Frente , in the heart of the Sierra Maestra , it develops a comprehensive plan of scientific research in order to recover the fullness of coffee plantations in the province of Santiago de Cuba .
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- 1 Scientific work of the ECICC
- 2 Productions
- 3 Results in 2010
- 4 Reference
- 5 Sources
Scientific work of the ECICC
The scientific works are based, fundamentally, on actions of science and technological innovation that claim, the condition of traditional coffee producer in Cuba , to the south of the eastern province, which saw the population and yield of these bushes depressed, at the end of the century. XX .
Among the tasks carried out by the scientific team, is the diplocotyledonal coffee graft, as an alternative to face the affectations of the nematodes , which exist in more than 70% of the cultivated soils and considerably affects the coffee production in all the companies of the Province.
Many others are the technological research and innovation projects, 11 in total, developed by the Santiago scientific entity, which also deals with the care of plantations, and contributes varieties and technologies to various provinces of the country.
According to Carlos Bustamante González, Doctor of Science, ECICC specialist:
The ECIC develops a group of technologies that make available to producers, for example, the interspecific grafting of coffee , which enables the development of the Arabica species – of higher quality and value in the grain market – in those lands that are infected For nematodes , as the pattern is taken as the canefora, or robust as it is known —more resistant— and the arabica is planted above (…) The Station has the second plant in the country for the production of mycorrhizae, a biofertilizer for coffee postures, which avoids the use of phosphoric fertilizers – imported and highly harmful to the environment -, which allows reducing the percentage of organic matterIt is used to fill the bags in the nurseries , and encourages a higher resistance to the position, a contribution that is currently applied in several municipalities in Santiago, in addition to its introduction in El Salvador and Maisí , in Guantánamo .
The eastern Coffee and Cacao Research Station also complies with the supply of quality clones and seeds of specific varieties to the provinces that are starting the popular coffee program, including Las Tunas , Camagüey , Ciego de Ávila and Matanzas .
Likewise, they created a laboratory for the production of organisms that help, from biological control, to the integrated management of the bit, a latent threat to coffee growing in the greater Antilles . Likewise, a group of technologies are introduced, which allow improving productions and yields, in the specific case of robusta coffee. The Central Coffee and Cocoa Research Station reproduces a fold-out that collects the technology for handling this crop in pre-mountain range conditions.
The institution has a collection of geno plasma from cofé canéfora (robusta coffee) where there is a group of selected clones that characterize the high yield, and grain sizes very similar to that of Arabica coffee. This result is a significant contribution to the production and performance of this variety of grain, which is used primarily for national consumption and is highly representative in the province.
Results in 2010
The main results achieved by the workers of the Central Coffee and Cocoa Research Station during 2010 were recognized by the CITMA territorial delegation in Santiago de Cuba .
They received recognition for their contribution to the substitution of high value-added imports in science and innovation and for their contribution to the introduction of scientific results in social practice in the year that recently ended.
One of the results is related to the production of entomopathogenic nematodes for the control of the drill and all kinds of lepidoptera that attack the planting of orchards and vegetables; in the assembled laboratory, 100,000 copies of galleria mellonella, the larva of the insect used to obtain in vivo the concentrated populations of the nematode, were reached and the commitment is to reach 60 billion of these.
The wide production of grafts was also among the results, bringing with it the positive impact that the coffee economy and ecology has on the planted areas. On the other hand, this center managed, for the second year, to guarantee coffee seeds for the country’s popular program and the delivery of hybrid cocoa seeds, extended to the central zone in this last period. It consolidated the system of training and attention to the productive base, deepened the institutional work in the interface areas that allow a greater link between research and production; all this consolidated in the more than 32 projects that the network executes throughout the country and of which more than 80 percent are of technological innovation, projects that will have a greater impact after their completion, the director stressed.