Caravan

Cart . It is a type of ancient cart with two or four wheels, covered by an awning and designed to be pulled by one or more animals.

Summary

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  • 1 Etymology
  • 2 Origin
  • 3 Features
  • 4 Uses
  • 5 Sources

Etymology

The word wagon comes from the old Italian car matto .

Origin

Carts as such, appeared in Sumer was 3500 A.NE The first carts were heavy and solid: The period between 2000 and 1000 ANE sees the start of the spread of the carriage around the world then inhabited; It could already be found anywhere between the Indus Valley and Egypt , brought by the Nyskos in the 17th century BCE.

Oxen and donkeys went in and out of cities pulling another brilliant invention: the cart with wheels. The wheel itself, the basis of much of the subsequent technology, may have appeared in Mesopotamia in the form of a pottery wheel , a disc that was spun by hand that allowed for faster pot production.

Although the first pottery wheels date back to 3500 BC , they were adapted for use in transportation some 250 years later. The first carts were heavy and massive: the wheels, which had no spokes, were round wooden plates , protected with leather .

The carts were four-wheeled vehicles, drawn by oxen or donkeys (although they knew horses, in Mesopotamia they did not yet use them), that carried merchandise from farms to markets. They also served for officials to travel during ceremonial processions.

In contact with civilizations so diverse and, at the same time, parallel, the car could not stop evolving as time passed; Indeed, it is precisely in this period when it acquires its fundamental lines. With a few important variations, it becomes a relatively comfortable means of transport for people, making it lighter and raising the front edges.

Very soon the extraordinary advantages derived from the adoption of the chariot as a war instrument began to be understood ; the flanks and wheel hubs were armed with sharp knives, and thus the chariot was transformed into one of the most fearsome war machines of pre-Roman antiquity.

The carts – schooners in English – were the first vehicles used in the migrations to the West . They were great horses and cars were covered by a canvas of fabric . Later, in 1827 , the stagecoaches were created that made the trip more bearable.

However, the extension of the railroad reduced the use of carts and stagecoaches in the West , especially over long distances, since they were much slower and more dangerous due to the robberies that occurred on the road. Even so, they continued to be used until the popularization of the automobile in the early 20th century .

Animal traction for transport in Cuba dates back to the discovery and conquest of the island by the Spaniards in the year 1492 . Horses were imported and were used to transport cargo, to transport troops. They were then widely used by wealthy people and the public. In the year 1662 the first was introduced carriage luxury ( float ), which followed the carriage , the volanta , the Quitrín , the wagon , the trucks and other cars and carriages intended for passenger transport.

In 1842 in the city of Havana the use of buses began – horse-drawn stagecoaches. In 1878 the first regulations for carriages were put into effect . Transportation by animal traction was the only means of transportation on the streets, highways, and roads in Cuba until 1898 , when the first automobile, manufactured in La Parisiense , made its appearance in Havana .

features

The first wagons ( carts ) were mounted on two large wheels without rims, which could measure up to three meters in diameter. They used to be made of lapacho with iron staples wrapped in leather strips to reinforce them. The axis was frequently orange . Later two more wheels were attached.

According to the areas, the walls were made of different types of wood, the quinchada of reed or reed with interns of tacuara cane . There could be thatched or awned wagons, according to the type of roof they had.

The rudder, in a characteristic way, consisted of a rod of considerable length that, starting from the base of the body, had a very accentuated curve at the opposite end and ended in the yoke , whose stability was obtained by means of a strap fixed to the parapet of the car . The Greek battle tanks were covered on the outside with metallic decorations that gave them a singular beauty.

Applications

The wagon has been used interchangeably, both for the transport of people and for the transport of cargo. Today this type of old transport remains as a testimony, although it may be that in some rural area of ​​some other underdeveloped country it is still being used.

 

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