THE ADVERBS OF WAY, TIME, PLACE AND ALL THE OTHERS

Here is the guide to learn everything, absolutely everything, on the adverbs of way, time and place!The adverb is an invariable part of speech and is used to modify or clarify the meaning of a verb, an adjective or another adverb.

Based on the form, the adverbs are divided into

– PRIMITIVES: stem + ending 
Ex:  good, bad
– DERIVATIVES: they are formed by adding the suffixes -mente and -oni
Ex: quickly
– COMPOUNDS: formed by the union of several words
Ex: in + facts
– ADVERTISING LOCATIONS : set of more words with a single meaning
Ex: running, in a hurry, upstairs, downstairs …

TYPES OF ADVERBS

Any adverb can be

by MODO answering the question “how?”
Ex: good, bad, strong, soft, sadly …

of TIME answering the question “when?”
Ex: yesterday, today, a little while ago, sometimes …

of PLACE answering the question “where?”
Ex:  there, here, above, below …

QUANTITY by answering the question “how much?”
Ex: little, much, too much, much …

of JUDGMENT or EVALUATION 
Ex:  negatively, positively …

of AFFIRMATION
Ex: yes, of course, without a doubt …

of NEGATION
Ex: no, not, nothing at all …

of DOUBT
Ex :. perhaps, probably, almost almost. ..

PRESENTATIVE
Ex:  here

QUESTION
Eg: where is it? when? such as? why?

EXCLAMATION
Ex: how! how much!

THE DEGREES OF THE ADVERB

Each adverb can have gradations that vary a little the meaning of the adverb itself (as happens in adjectives ).

POSITIVE
e.g. quickly

COMPARATIVE (and there are 3 types)
of MAJORITY
eg. faster
than MINORITY
e.g. less quickly
than EQUALITY
eg. as fast as

SUPERLATIVE (and there are 2 types)
ABSOLUTE
es. very fast
RELATIVE
es. as fast

TO DISTINGUISH THE ADVERTS FROM THE OTHER PARTS OF THE SPEECH, JUST REMEMBER THAT:

– adjectives always accompany a noun and agree with that in gender and number, while adverbs do not

Example
Luigi was very hungry: a lot is an adjective
Gianpaolo has studied a lot: a lot is an adverb and refers to the verb

– conjunctions always connect two elements, while adverbs refer to only one

Example
The opponents did as they expected: as a league they “did” and “there”
How good you are to act !: here,  as it does not bind anything, it is an exclamation adverb

– prepositions always introduce a noun or a pronoun

Example
Above the chair is the cat: above is a proposition
Look at the table, above I left the keys: above is an adverb

– the particles there and there can be either pronouns or adverbs. When they indicate state in place or motion from place, they are adverbs, in all other cases they are pronouns

Example
In the lake there are fish: there is an adverb
Now I will tell you my story: there is a pronoun

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