Yuramira, Peregrina ( Jatropha hastata Jacq ). Ornamental shrub native to the American continent. It is native to the Caribbean islands , Cuba .
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- 1 Common names
- 2 Description
- 3 Reproduction
- 4 Constitution
- 5 Diseases and pests
- 6 Curiosities
- 7 Sources
Her vulgar name is Yuramira, Peregrina . Its scientific name is Jatropha hastata Jacq.
Shrub or small evergreen tree, highly branched although it can be pruned to appear with a single trunk; rounded bearing, can reach almost 5 meters high; leaves of very variable shape since they can be oval, elliptical, violin-shaped or several lobes, petiole leaf, intense green on the upper side and light green on the underside. It produces abundant and long blooms in terminal clusters, small bright red or vermilion flowers with a star shape. After flowering, the fruits appear in the form of capsules with three leaflets.
This plant is highly esteemed, as well as other wild species of the same genus that grow in Cuba, as an ornamental plant in gardening .
It is quite admired for the contrast that makes its foliage, formed by bright green leaves of very varied shapes; there are oval, whole-edged, split-edged, etc., which secrete a transparent latex when separated from the stem. Its bright red flowers grouped into inflorescences on tops, born from the terminal portion of the branches; they are attached to the stem by a long peduncle and its corolla is formed by free petals.
Diseases and pests
They can be attacked by the red spider and by possible fungal problems on the trunk due to excess moisture.
This plant remains in bloom all year round, this is one of the characteristics that makes it so appreciated in gardens and green areas. The flowers are unisexual and the very characteristic fruit of this family , called tricoca due to its structure in three lobes. In South Florida, it is considered an invasive species. Like all plants belonging to the Euphorbiáceas, it is a toxic plant due to the latex it contains.