Since 1924 during the first Winter Olympic Games, speed skating has been included as a sport. During the establishment of the International Olympic Committee, the International Skating Union (ISU), which is the official government body for speed skating, has been recognized as a federation. The first speed skating competition ever recorded in the Winter Olympic Games would have been held in Berlin in the 1916 Summer Olympics, but due to the brake to the First World War, the events were canceled. The first internationally recognized Winter Olympic Games had the speed skating sports 5 in an event called “1924 Winter Olympics” which took place in Chamonix, during the International Winter Sports Week. These events included well-organized races across the board and even had medals given for personal distances. After 1928, this all-round event was eliminated. In 1996 the famous World Remote Championships were introduced.
Path of fitness and qualification of the athlete
With the approach of the next Winter Olympic Games in speed, the fitness of the athletes is very important. The only athletes who will be allowed to take part in speed skating during the Winter Olympic Games are those who have joined the Olympic Charter. The key to this is the nationality of an athlete, as established in the Olympic charter rule 41. The Special Olympic Qualification (SOQC) classification is normally calculated based on the ISU rules for each event. There are two series of rankings in the SOQC: the SOQC time classification positioned on the basis of the best times recorded for single skater in the World Cup and the ranking of SOQC points reached in the World Cup during World Cup competitions.
Male events and women’s events
In the Winter Olympic Games, despite the fact that speed skating was officially recognized as a sport to participate in the competition, women’s events began in 1960 for the first time in history. The maximum number of women and men participants is established according to the National Olympic Committees (NOC) and the total number of participating skaters cannot exceed the total assigned places.
There have been 22 locations so far used for the Winter Olympic Games in speed skating. During the first winter Olympic speed skating games, events took place on natural outdoor ice. Albertville was the last place to welcome open-air events. In 1988 an indoor home was built in Calgary. Since the 1994 Winter Olympic Speed Skating Games, all other speed skating events for the long track have been closed. These are some of the other reception venues for the Winter Olympic speed skating games: the 2006 Turin games were held at the Lingotto Oval, the 2014 Sochi games took place at the Adler Arena Skating Center,