The Cardiology is the branch of medicine devoted to the study and treatment of diseases and disorders that affect the heart and arteries .
What does the cardiologist do?
The cardiologist is a specialist in the diagnosis, treatment and cure of diseases affecting the heart and arteries. Surgery in the operating room for the resolution of these pathologies is not the task of the cardiologist, but of the cardiac surgeon.
What are the pathologies treated by the cardiologist?
Among the pathologies most often treated by the cardiologist are listed:
- ‘ heart attack or ischemic cardiomyopathy
- the heart failure
- angina pectoris
- congenital anomalies of the heart
- coronary artery disease
What are the procedures most used by the cardiologist?
The cardiological examination is first articulated in an anamnestic interview , followed by an examination that involves auscultation of the heart and an electrocardiogram (ECG) .
Based on the results of the visit, the cardiologist can prescribe the execution of further tests, such as:
- cardiac echo-color Doppler
- carotid ecodoppler
- stress test
- Dynamic ECG according to Holter
- Blood pressure monitor in 24 hours
- electrophysiological studies
Once the diagnostic process is completed, the cardiologist can prescribe the most appropriate drugs or treatments , such as:
- interventions to correct congenital malformations
- coronary thrombectomies
When to ask for an appointment with the cardiologist?
An appointment with the cardiologist should be requested when symptoms or signs occur that could involve heart health. First of all it is necessary to speak with your doctor, to understand if it is appropriate to contact a cardiologist. Issues that should be suspicious include:
- high cholesterol
- high pressure
- pain and discomfort in the chest, shoulders, neck, arms or jaw,
These problems deserve attention especially if at least one of the following occurs:
- they tend to get worse and not improve with rest
- association of at least one of these problems with intense sweating or paleness, nausea or vomiting, dizziness or fainting
- irregular heart beat or palpitations
- low pressure
A cardiological visit should always be carried out in case of family predisposition to cardiovascular problems and in case of diabetes, gingivitis, pregnancy at risk and preeclampsia .
If you smoke , or are an ex-smoker , or if you are over 40 and want to start a new physical activity, it is good practice to make a cardiological visit .