Cardiology. It is the branch of internal medicine, divided from ” lung and heart ,” deals with heart and circulatory system conditions. It is included within medical specialties, that is, it does not cover surgery , even when many cardiological diseases are subject to surgical sanction, so a cardiological team is usually made up of a cardiologist , cardiac surgeon and physiatrist , also integrating other specialists when the The patient’s terrain requires it.


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  • 1 Disciplines that are developed in the field of cardiology
    • 1 Functions of a cardiologist
    • 2 Requirements for the training of cardiologists
  • 2 Subspecialties within cardiology
  • 3 Some diseases
  • 4 External links

Disciplines developed in the field of cardiology

Like other branches of medicine , cardiology is one of the most evolved in recent decades, fundamentally hand in hand with important technological advances in the fields of electronics and nuclear medicine, among others.

Functions of a cardiologist

  • Assessing patients and recommending treatment plans.
  • Reading and completing medical records.
  • Treat patients in emergencies.
  • Consult with doctors and other health professionals.
  • Advise patients on healthy lifestyles and proper cardio care.
  • The use of equipment and technology, such as magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography , to diagnose health problems and administer treatments.
  • Instruct patients on the proper use of medications and possible side effects.

Requirements for the training of cardiologists

Cardiology is a form of internal medicine. Before specializing in cardiology, a person must first obtain a 5 or 6 year degree and be a graduate of an approved medical school. Some countries offer an undergraduate care center specialized in pre-medical study. After graduating from medical school, most countries require that a student complete an internal medicine residency and pass a certification exam. A cardiology subspecialty needs further training in matters specifically related to the subject.

Areas studied

  • Baon echocardiography.
  • Cardiac catheterization.
  • Nuclear cardiology.
  • Electrophysiology and pacemaker.
  • Postoperative care of patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
  • Attention emergency room.
  • Cardiovascular anatomy .
  • The physiology cardiovascular.
  • Cardiovascular metabolism.
  • The molecular biology of the cardiovascular system.
  • Cardiovascular pharmacology .
  • Epidemiology .
  • Biostatistics
  • Cardiovascular pathology

Subspecialties within cardiology

Non-invasive cardiology

  • Conventional Electrocardiography.
  • Continuous 24-hour monitoring (Holter Test).
  • Stress tests (ergometry).
  • Test the tilted table.
  • Sensitized with drugs
  • With nuclear medicine.
  • Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM).
  • Tilt Test.

Invasive cardiology

  • Cardiac catheterization.
  • Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty.
  • Cardiac electrophysiology.
  • Pacemaker implantation.
  • Trans-catheter ablation of arrhythmia foci.


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