Cardiology. It is the branch of internal medicine, divided from ” lung and heart ,” deals with heart and circulatory system conditions. It is included within medical specialties, that is, it does not cover surgery , even when many cardiological diseases are subject to surgical sanction, so a cardiological team is usually made up of a cardiologist , cardiac surgeon and physiatrist , also integrating other specialists when the The patient’s terrain requires it.
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- 1 Disciplines that are developed in the field of cardiology
- 1 Functions of a cardiologist
- 2 Requirements for the training of cardiologists
- 2 Subspecialties within cardiology
- 3 Some diseases
- 4 External links
Disciplines developed in the field of cardiology
Like other branches of medicine , cardiology is one of the most evolved in recent decades, fundamentally hand in hand with important technological advances in the fields of electronics and nuclear medicine, among others.
Functions of a cardiologist
- Assessing patients and recommending treatment plans.
- Reading and completing medical records.
- Treat patients in emergencies.
- Consult with doctors and other health professionals.
- Advise patients on healthy lifestyles and proper cardio care.
- The use of equipment and technology, such as magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography , to diagnose health problems and administer treatments.
- Instruct patients on the proper use of medications and possible side effects.
Requirements for the training of cardiologists
Cardiology is a form of internal medicine. Before specializing in cardiology, a person must first obtain a 5 or 6 year degree and be a graduate of an approved medical school. Some countries offer an undergraduate care center specialized in pre-medical study. After graduating from medical school, most countries require that a student complete an internal medicine residency and pass a certification exam. A cardiology subspecialty needs further training in matters specifically related to the subject.
- Baon echocardiography.
- Cardiac catheterization.
- Nuclear cardiology.
- Electrophysiology and pacemaker.
- Postoperative care of patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
- Attention emergency room.
- Cardiovascular anatomy .
- The physiology cardiovascular.
- Cardiovascular metabolism.
- The molecular biology of the cardiovascular system.
- Cardiovascular pharmacology .
- Epidemiology .
- Cardiovascular pathology
Subspecialties within cardiology
- Conventional Electrocardiography.
- Continuous 24-hour monitoring (Holter Test).
- Stress tests (ergometry).
- Test the tilted table.
- Sensitized with drugs
- With nuclear medicine.
- Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM).
- Tilt Test.
- Cardiac catheterization.
- Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty.
- Cardiac electrophysiology.
- Pacemaker implantation.
- Trans-catheter ablation of arrhythmia foci.