The cardiac surgery is the branch of Medicia who studies cardiovascular disease requiring for their care surgical treatment.
What does the cardiac surgeon do?
The cardiac surgeon is a surgeon specialized in surgical interventions on the heart and blood vessels , which allow to limit the damage caused by those diseases and those disorders of the cardiovascular system to which medical therapy has not provided a solution.
In addition to dealing with heart transplants , the cardiac surgeon performs various types of surgery on the heart, blood vessels, and can sometimes implant devices that allow the heart to pump blood to the rest of the body.
What are the pathologies treated by the cardiac surgeon?
The pathologies and conditions most often treated by the cardiac surgeon are the following:
- congenital heart disease
- the aneurysm of the aortic root
- aneurysms of the ascending aorta
- aneurysms of the aortic arch
- obstructive coronary artery sclerosis
- post-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy
- acute post-infarction mitral insufficiency from papillary rupture
- the postinfarction interventricular defect
- the atrial fibrillation
- acute aortic dissection
- l ‘ angina
What are the procedures most used by the cardiac surgeon?
The cardiac surgeon uses various procedures. Some of them, such as open heart surgery that are somewhat invasive. Others, on the other hand, only make small incisions between the ribs. Among the most frequent procedures are:
- coronary artery bypass grafting
- l ‘ angioplasty
- replacement of a heart valve
- heart transplant
- radiofrequency ablation
- stent implantation
- transmiocardial revascularization
- pacemaker implantation or other systems to assist heart activity
When to ask for an appointment with the cardiac surgeon?
An appointment with the cardiac surgeon is necessary when prescribed by the cardiologist. As a general rule, the primary care physician may prescribe a cardiology check-up when he has a suspicion of reported patient symptoms. The cardiologist visits the patient, and directs him to the cardiac surgeon only if he deems surgery necessary.