The general surgery does not indicate the general surgery, although the definition seems to suggest this. It is rather that branch of surgery specialized in improving or resolving the prognosis of pathologies affecting the organs of the abdominal cavity , i.e. intestine, colon, liver, stomach, esophagus, pancreas, gallbladder, liver, bile ducts, but also the breast and the thyroid .
What does the general surgeon do?
The general surgeon is a professional who specializes in surgery on the breast, thyroid or on one of the organs of the abdominal cavity. The goal of these interventions is to cure or improve the prognosis of the pathologies affecting these organs.
What are the diseases most often treated by the general surgeon?
The general surgeon treats all pathologies affecting the thyroid, breast, and organs of the abdominal cavity (intestine, colon, liver, stomach, esophagus, gallbladder, pancreas, liver, bile ducts). These include in particular:
- functional and inflammatory diseases affecting the breast, thyroid and organs of the abdominal cavity ;
- hiatal hernia
- inguinal hernia, umbilicals and laparoceli
- neoplasms (gastric, esophagus, intestine, pancreas, colorectal, liver, breast, thyroid, bile ducts);
- gallbladder stones
- pain syndromes from post-surgical abdominal adhesions .
To make the diagnoses, the general surgeon conducts lymph node biopsies and breast biopsies very frequently .
What are the procedures most used by the general surgeon?
The procedures that the general surgeon most frequently applies include:
- diagnostic-operational endoscopic examinations ( gastroscopy , pancolonscopy, rectosigmoidoscopy ) that allow the internal evaluation (diagnostic endoscopy) of the examined organs in order to study their anatomy, functionality and possible pathologies.
- radiological tests ( X- ray of the digestive tract, opaque enema , Tac, Rmn);
- surgical operations that are performed, depending on the case, “in the open” (laparotomy); in “minimally invasive” mode (laparoscopy – robotic surgery).
The endoscopic examinations also allow you to make small samples of tissues that will subsequently be subjected to histological analyzes , as well as small interventions in deep sedation, such as those required by operational endoscopies, or the removal of polyps.
When to ask for an appointment with the general surgeon?
The appointment with the general surgeon should only be requested if it has been prescribed by your general practitioner, and only if there is a real need to monitor the post-operative course.