One of the most important problems in today’s world, due to its great impact on planet Earth, is the contamination of water or water, originated by humanity itself as a product of its unsustainable activities with this natural or vital liquid resource so essential for life .
For this reason, it is essential to educate, sensitize, raise awareness and generate related knowledge about the causes, consequences and solutions of the problem of water in the world.
Therefore, we are going to give you, through this article, the most important main terms related to water pollution , with the objective of knowing the reality of this problem that is impacting the entire environment that surrounds us and affecting our own quality of lifetime.
( Also read: World Water Day and its Importance )
It is understood by contamination of water or water, that alteration, modification and transformation of the vital liquid that sustains life on earth, whether by substances or solid, liquid, physical, chemical substances and any contaminant that causes its natural state of quality to be impure for the consumption of living beings.
Physicochemical and biological agents that modify the natural and normal characteristics and properties of the different water sources that make it impure and dangerous because it affects the health of any organism that consumes it.
Water Pollution Characteristics
- It has its origins with the birth of the industrial revolution.
- The second most pressing environmental problem due to its great impact worldwide.
- Water contaminated by agents that impact the quality of the seas, oceans, beaches, aquifers, rivers, streams, lakes and any space composed of this liquid vial, being detrimental to the diversity of living beings that depend on this natural resource.
- A transformation of the vital liquid in its composition and properties, especially affecting the natural environment, biological diversity and life of human beings.
- It is the contamination of both fresh and salt water from the earth’s surface.
- Caused by contaminants of natural, biological or artificial origin.
- It impacts not only on the lives of animals, plants and humans, but also modifies various natural resources that are vital and essential for future generations.
Sources of Water Pollution
The sources of anthropic contamination that affect water quality are usually categorized into two types: punctual and non-punctual.
- Specific sources of pollution:those characterized by single or discrete discharges, in which the pollutants tip over from a single isolated or confined geographical area.
- Non-pointsources of pollution : they involve diffuse sources of pollution and include activities that cover large areas, and can cause general groundwater contamination.
Causes of Water Pollution
There are many other factors that give rise to this environmental problem, but among the main natural and human causes are the following:
- Anthropogenic activities by human activities.
- Ignorance and lack of culture in the face of environmental problems.
- Population growth and inefficiency in land management.
- Development and unsustainable economic model.
- Physical and chemical contaminants.
- Pathogenic agents or microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses and other organisms.
- Agricultural, agricultural and industrial activities.
- Organic waste
- Organic compounds.
- Discharge of sewage or sewers from urban areas into rivers and streams.
- Waters of domestic, livestock, rain, navigation and industrial origin,
- Wastewater discharges.
- Pesticides, fertilizers, detergents and other chemicals.
- Radioactive substances
- Plastics or micro plastics.
- Thermal pollution
- Ships and accidents.
- Air pollution or atmospheric emissions.
- Oil and fuel spills.
- Mining exploitation
- Phenomena and natural disasters such as acid rain.
- Among other social, economic, political, cultural and environmental factors.
Consequences of water pollution
Just as there are several causes, the consequences such as the impact produced by the problem of water pollution are the following:
- Degradation or deterioration of the environment, resource or vital liquid water, depletion of natural resources, loss of biodiversity, ecosystems and destruction of the landscape.
- Contaminated water consumption.
- Respiratory, chronic, cardiac, gastrointestinal diseases, dysentery, fever, cholera, asthma, bronchitis, among many others that weaken physical, mental and emotional health.
- Deaths of children, elderly and pregnant women.
- Shortage of drinking water suitable for human consumption.
- Proliferation of pathogenic organisms, poverty, hunger.
- Erosion and salinization.
- Decrease in oxygen
- Acidification of the waters.
- Weakening and degradation of the quality of life.
- Other social, economic and environmental consequences.
( Read also: Importance of Water )
Water Pollution Solutions
For all the above, already having very clear that it is the contamination of water, its causes and consequences; They presented the main measures to combat and try to solve this problem that is the responsibility of all humanity:
- As always the main, but not the only, environmental education as the tool for any ecological problem.
- Do not contaminate and reduce our footprint or environmental impact.
- Make a rational and efficient use of the vital liquid.
- Sustainable development, the economy and environmental technology.
- The recycling or the promotion of the 3rd how to reduce, recycle and reuse.
- Renewable energy sources such as solar.
- Reduce and combat any other environmental problem such as deforestation.
- Consume responsibly, avoiding irresponsible consumerism and consequently the generation of garbage or solid waste.
- Reduce dangerous agents or materials.
- Reduce the use and dependence of plastic.
- Formulate and enforce environmental conservation laws.
- Promote reforestation.
- Reduce chemical pesticides, as well as wastewater treatment.
- Promote sustainable consumption, mobility and tourism, organic farming, natural products, sanitation, environmental conservation and any sustainable strategy.
- Implement physical and cultural biological control methods:
- Apply analysis methodologies for the determination of pathogenic microorganisms.
- Treatment based on activated alumina to reduce arsenic exposure in low-income colonies.
- Proper treatment of wastewater discharges.
- Among many other alternatives that reduce and combat water pollution.
Definitely, water is one of the most important elements or resources of nature after the air, while being susceptible to the irresponsible action of man with his environment.
It is no secret to anyone that water is a source of life constituting 75% of the earth’s surface and being indispensable to meet the most important needs of man.
However, man has not valued this natural resource so vital to the quality of life of every being on earth.
( Read also: Types of Environmental Pollution )
Water pollution is any change by the introduction of chemical, physical or biological pollutants in the quality of water that has a harmful effect on any living being that consumes it.
Finally, water pollution is that alteration of the natural state of water sources such as the seas, oceans, rivers, lakes, streams, groundwater, among others that lead to an alarming and global problem such as the shortage of drinking water Suitable for human consumption.