Vaginal odor: five possible diseases

Perceiving a problem or symptom in the intimate regions of the body leaves any woman with hair standing on end. That’s because they usually come with a strong odor in that part of the body and cause a lot of discomfort.

In general, any strong odor in the intimate region can be indicative of diseases, so it is important to be aware of the smell of the genital organ.

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However, before worrying unnecessarily, it is worth saying that the vagina has a characteristic smell, which is normal, since secretions, fat and sweat come out of it, which have odors.

But when the smell of the vagina becomes strong, even after taking a shower and it is even felt by you without bringing the nose closer to the region, then there may be a problem. In this case, the odor is similar to that of fish and you may experience great discomfort.

See what are the possible diseases that this symptom can indicate and know how to prevent and treat yourself when it happens.

Five possible diseases of the woman’s intimate region :

1. Bacterial infection – Bacterial vaginosis

Infections caused by bacteria are the most common diseases in women who realize that the smell in their vagina is strong and even annoying.

Although the vaginal flora is inhabited by a large number of bacteria, when they proliferate improperly it means that something is wrong.

This can happen for a number of reasons, such as:

  • Tight or synthetic panties;
  • Intimate deodorant;
  • Inadequate food;
  • Internal showers and even the use of some antibiotics, which can cause a pH change in the environment of the vagina;

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Thus, when the vaginal flora undergoes an alteration , bacterial vaginosis can develop , in which the bacteria Gardnerella vaginalis proliferates. This is one of the most common infections, and women do not always show symptoms. But when they occur, in addition to the strong smell, it is possible that there is a grayish and milky appearance.

Another sign of the problem is pain during intercourse . The treatment prescribed by the doctor depends on the exact cause that triggered the bacterial vaginosis. In some cases, consuming foods with probiotics, such as yogurt and milk, is enough. But oral or vaginal antibiotics can also be prescribed.

2. Yeast infection – Vaginal candidiasis

It is another disease of the vaginitis group that is also very common and that can trigger the strong odor in the vagina. However, in this case, the most common symptom is itching of the genital organ , and if it is severe it is possible that it may even cause cracks and pain in the skin of the vagina and the vulvovaginal mucosa .

Other symptoms are:

  • Redness in the vulva region;
  • Pain when urinating and having sex;
  • Thick and milky discharge;

Candidiasis is caused by the fungus Candida albicans, also found normally in the body, and this can proliferate when the person is treated with antibiotics, which kill bacteria and promote the proliferation of fungi. (Candidiasis | What is the disease and how to treat it)

However, this infection can be initiated for other reasons that alter the vaginal pH, such as pregnancy, which promotes hormonal changes, and even by the use of birth control pills. People with diabetes and AIDS are also more likely to develop the disease.

3. Virus infection – Vaginal trichomoniasis

This STD – Sexually Transmitted Disease is another reason for the appearance of strong odor in the vagina. In addition to this symptom, this disease, which is transmitted by unprotected sex, causes swelling , pain when urinating and having sex and burning in the genital organ .

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It is possible to differentiate this problem from others because in trichomoniasis the discharge is abundant, with a foamy aspect, greenish-yellow in color and may have blood. In this disease, it is the population of the protozoan parasite T. vaginalis that grows excessively, since it normally inhabits the genitourinary tract of men and women.

Treatment consists of the use of antibiotics or antiparasitic drugs, which must be prescribed by a doctor.

4. STD – Soft cancer

This bacterial infection is another sexually transmitted disease that can also cause a strong odor in the vagina. However, the most characteristic symptom of this problem is the sores that appear in the genital region , as in the vulva of women and even in the anus . They are usually multiple and hurt, being small and with pus.

In this context, the disease is caused by the bacterium Haemophilus ducreyi and the symptoms also include nodules that may appear in the groin , which resemble water and lumps. Treatment is also done with antibiotics, but only a specialist should prescribe them.

5. Cervical cancer

Although it is not a very characteristic symptom of the disease, there are some types of cervical cancer that when they are in an advanced stage can cause a strong smell in the vagina.

Therefore, it is important to be aware of the other symptoms of this problem, including:

  • Pain in the pelvic area and during sexual intercourse;
  • Irregular menstruation;
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge;
  • Tiredness;
  • Nausea;
  • Weight loss and bleeding other than menstruation;

How to avoid strong vaginal smell

Avoiding the proliferation of bacteria present in the vaginal flora is a way to prevent strong odor in the vagina and even the trigger of infections.

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  • Intimate hygiene in this sense is the most important, but excessive hygiene is also harmful, such as using bactericidal soaps to wash the genital organ, vaginal shower and daily absorbent.
  • These measures, unlike what many people may think, are not healthy. While the bactericidal soaps and the shower can alter the vaginal flora, the daily pad absorbs the region. Washing the vagina and the anal area well, all their folds, with preferably neutral soap and water is enough.
  • It is also recommended to use cotton panties, which do not retain sweat and are comfortable.
  • The same goes for the pants. In addition, when the strong smell arises, it is common for other symptoms to appear such as itching, irritation, blemishes, swelling or pain. These are the combinations that will help you to identify the problem, but in any case it is recommended to have your gynecologist monitored.

 

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