Tropical fruits

Tropical fruits . A tropical fruit is defined as a fruit from tropical or subtropical climate zones . Tropical fruits have in common that they cannot bear the cold and can be damaged or have development disorders when the temperature falls below 4 ° C.


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  • 1 Origin of tropical fruits
  • 2 Example of Tropical Fruits
    • 1 The banana and the “flattened fruits
    • 2 The coconut
    • 3 The mango
    • 4 The melon
    • 5 The citrus
  • 3 Fruits originating from tropical America
    • 1 The Pineapple
    • 2 The papaya
    • 3 The guava
    • 4 The mamey
    • 5 Two little ones with many names
  • 4 Other fruits of the Caribbean
  • 5 Source

Origin of tropical fruits

The man is a beast frugívoro by nature , was perhaps the first food fruit of the plant kingdom that used for subsistence, when he had not yet learned to cultivate the land and took what he offered the free nature ; This is evidenced by the testimonies, myths and legends or religious rituals whose origin is often lost in the remote childhood of humanity : the parabolic apple , reason for the original sin committed by Adam and Eve; the Hindu myth, according to which mangoes were the fruits offered to Buddha in an orchard; the offerings made by the different African religions to their orishas in which the preferred fruits are generally present. the artand literature , reflections of the life of man , have also had fruits as a frequent object of inspiration, from the cave paintings – the banana is represented in Indian caves in cave paintings that probably date from the 400 to 500 years before Jesus Christ – even the well-known ” still lifes”, motivating painters of different times and styles; multiple examples could be pointed out in literary history: the Mirror of Patience, the first written work of Cuban Literature, is a long epic poem written by Silvestre de Balboa, a Cuban poet born in the Canary Islands ( 1564-1634?) In this original work, almost all the fruits known in the country at that time are mentioned, and music has also frequently inspired fruits, mainly in songs that name and reproduce popular cries. .

Christopher Columbus , was concerned with moving to the new lands discovered various fruit varieties that today exhibit considerable productions. Reality has shown the admiral’s triumph of intuition: tropical fruits today are among the most coveted in the world for their unmatched flavors, perfume, high nutritional content and the use of some in industries dedicated to food, cosmetology and pharmacology.

Tropical Fruit Example

Banana and flattened fruits

The plantain , banana or banana was probably among the first species to spread spontaneously and may have been one of the first to be cultivated; Although it is native to India, it was acclimatized with great ease in many countries of tropical America where the export of its fruits, highly esteemed in Europe, is great. The easy acclimatization of this fruit and its characteristics have also given it a place in popular phraseology; for example, when someone, coming from another climate and environment, easily adapts to the conditions of the country and is acquiring their customs and ways of life, they are said to be “flattened”.

The coconut

It is a beautiful American palm that can grow up to 25 m in height and produces its fruit two or three times a year. In Cuba they seem to grow spontaneously in some places, especially on coasts and beaches, giving the landscape a special attraction, as it happens in other Caribbean islands; They are also planted in large areas for commercial exploitation. The fruit of this palm has a juicy pulp; also a fatty matter is extracted from it, coconut oil, widely used in cosmetic products or in pharmacies. A large number of coconuts are used at their production sites to take the liquid it contains – coconut water – poured into a container or, more commonly, to drink it from the coconut itself. It has a pleasant and refreshing flavor, and medicinal properties are attributed to it. Coconut water, combined with brandy, becomes ”

The handle

It is supposed to come from tropical Asia , probably from India . Both the color of the peel and that of the pulp and its flavor, show infinity of varieties, but in all cases its attractive fragrance and color, its nutritional values ​​and its special flavor, have made it recognized as one of the best and most delicate fruits in the world. In Cuba , where its introduction dates back only two centuries, it has spread so that it is found everywhere. Finally, if someone tells you, in the event of an incident, that “the handle is buzzing “, you will be expressing your disappointment at an astonishing event or one that causes unforeseen difficulties.


The melon or watermelon , originating from tropical Africa, is a spheroidal shaped fruit , with fragrant meat and highly prized for its pleasant flavor and refreshing characteristic. The quality of the melon is dependent on its color and its juicy content, but this cannot be known from its external appearance, it must be opened; from this the proverb was derived that expresses: “the melon and the marriage must be correct”, with which it is implied that in both things the success usually depends on luck or chance.

The citrus

The species are cultivated more than any other among the tropical or subtropical and cover approximately 1600 . Among the most common and appreciated are the orange in its different varieties; lime, also known as bergamot, grapefruit, with other names such as grapefruit, pamplemisa and Shaddock, lemon and citron. Hybrids exist between almost all of these species; they are high in vitamin C and their forms of consumption are varied; Its juices make excellent wines and vinegars. In Cuba there are large citrus plantations, mainly in the areas of Jagüey Grande and Isla de la Juventud and modern processing plants for the production of their derivatives.

Acerola has become very popular in Puerto Rico for its high content of vitamin C , it is cultivated on a commercial scale for the export of canned juice that is used to enrich the juices of other fruits with this vitamin.

Fruits originating from tropical America


Columbus is said to have found her on the island of Guadalupe; it occurs wild or in fields for harvesting in other parts of tropical America . It is also called pineapple; According to some researchers, the name na-na seems to mean fragrance-fragrance, in the language of the Guaraní people .


Native to tropical America, its fruit is similar to that of melon. In some regions it is called the bomba fruit. In Ecuador, in the familiar and figurative language the name of this fruit also means “fool”, while in the western and central region of Cuba it is used, in this same type of language, to name the female sexual attribute .

The guava

This is an indigenous voice that designates a tasty fruit that is consumed naturally, but is also widely used in the manufacture of preserves and jellies. But if in America someone says, when they listen to him, that “that’s a guava “, take offense, they are calling him a liar, because in our familiar language “guava” is synonymous with lying or lying. Special mention requires the guayabita call of the pine forest typical of the western zone of Cuba . Its fruits are small; but from them the Cuban liquor Guayabita del Pinar is made, of excellent quality and delicate bouquet.

The mamey

It is one of the most beautiful and appreciated fruits of tropical flora, its thick red mass is very sweet and aromatic. There is another variety, called mamey de Santo Domingo, with a yellow pulp, sweet and very pleasant.

Two little ones with many names

There is a small fruit, native to tropical America , sweet or bittersweet and aromatic flavor, which in Mexico and Guatemala is called jocote (Aztec name); in Cuba, red, yellow, green plum and from Cartagena; in Jamaica it is named as spanish plum; in Puerto Rico some people call him jovillo, in English red mombin and yelow mombin, and sismoyo in Costa Rica . Another fruit, also relatively small, is the one that receives the names of: cashew, jocotemarañón, acajú, pajuil, merey, Brazil nut and cashew, among others. It is cultivated in Brazil and in almost all the tropical area. In CubaIts cultivation has increased in recent years, with substantial plantations in the west and center of the country. It is a fruit that is pleasant to the palate, pulpy, with a rare sweet or sour taste and aromatic. Fermented produces an exquisite liquor and vinegar of excellent quality.

Other Caribbean fruits

Many other fruits are grown or reproduce spontaneously in the tropical Caribbean , but on a smaller scale: the custard apple, the anon, the caimito, the soursop, the mamoncillo, the loquat or sapote, the rose apple, the tamarind and the avocado, which It is attributed great nutritional qualities and is consumed mainly in the form of salads. Most tropical fruits can be consumed naturally or in jams, juices, ice creams, soft drinks and preserves, capable of satisfying the most demanding palate.


by Abdullah Sam
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