Training your mind: 12 exercises you can do every day

A couple of months ago, the owners of a popular mind-training app were fined a few million dollars for telling their customers they were going to get smarter.

The reason? Misleading Advertising: There is no scientific study in the world that shows you can get smarter. Neither with their App, nor with other systems.

So what’s the point of doing brain exercises?

Training the mind, is it any use?

Well, from the point of view of brain aging,  the first scientific evidence is beginning to emerge that training the mind is able to delay it . And this is already very good news, even if unfortunately it is not that the results are exceptional.

From a brain enhancement point of view , little or nothing is known, which is why the founders of the App took their multona.

However, I believe that, in evaluating the effectiveness of brain training, an interesting analogy can be made with memory techniques : in fact, applying them does not increase your memory at all, but your ability to memorize . Which are two different things.

If before studying the techniques of memory were even able, with your “natural” ability to read and remember for a moment a number of up to 8-10 digits (and there are already so many!), After having studied the your “natural” memory continues to be able to remember 8-10 digits maximum. So your memory hasn’t increased.

But if you use the memory technique of phonetic conversion , your ability to memorize  numbers easily reaches 20 or 30 digits, and even more.

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Now, in my opinion, more or less the same thing applies to the other brain faculties . I don’t think they can be increased in an absolute sense, at least not with the current scientific resources we possess.

Because intelligence in an absolute sense is a complex stuff, difficult both to define and to measure . You can understand “improve it”!

But we can certainly use the skills we already have much better. 

That is, ” maybe we can’t get smarter, but we can certainly use our brains better . 

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But how do you train your mind?

From a logistical point of view, it’s much easier than going to the gym.

In fact, you can train your mind at any time and in any place, with a practically infinite variety of tools: yourself and the world around you.

To demonstrate some of these methods, I have put together a series of my favorite and most popular mental training exercises on the internet. And at the end of the post we will find out what they have in common.

  1. Write with your non-dominant hand

That is, with the left if you are right and with the right if you are left handed.

Trying every now and then to write (by hand, not on a computer) with the “poor” hand, stimulates synaptic activity in your brain (synapses are structures that allow communication between nerve cells) that are not normally used.

And it does so in a massive way: writing is in fact an extremely complex activity, which involves many brain areas, from those of language to those of fine control of the movement of the fingers.

In addition, to write with the “poor” hand you will also need a surplus of mental focus , which is not normally needed when using the “good” hand.

  1. Take a shower with your eyes closed

Sight is a very powerful sense, in fact the most powerful when it comes to using memory ; however, we use it so much that it eventually “turns off” all the other senses a bit.

And since each of our senses refers to specific brain areas , if a sense is used little, its reference brain area is also activated little.

By taking a shower with your eyes closed you will be able to concentrate better on the tactile sensations given by the water, and by the sponge; as you will be more sensitive to smells coming from soap and the sound of water near your ears.

Plus, you’ll relax like hell !

  1. Recognize objects by touch

Kindergarten children often play a game in which they have to recognize objects, with their eyes closed , touching them only with their hands. Thus they find themselves evaluating with touch things that they normally recognize with their eyes, in particular the texture and shape of objects.

To recognize an object in this way, the brain has to make many comparisons and analogies with previous experiences , very different from those it does using sight.

In addition, the uncertainty with respect to what you’re touching and playful character of the task   give this exercise a emotional content that positively affects brain activation

  1. Play with numbers

It is a classic but always valid way to train the mind. For example, you can count backwards, so as to stimulate the brain by making it do something normal (counting), but in an unusual way .

Or make multiplications in the mind between two-digit numbers, in such a way that in carrying out the operation you are forced to create “reports” that the brain must remember , and then add them at the end.

  1. Look at the objects in reverse

The visual memory is powerful and very useful, even to study; but it takes little to deceive her, and by deceiving her you stimulate her a little .

Take everyday objects and observe them after putting them upside down; your brain will certainly recognize the object in question, i.e. the usual pattern of shapes and colors that identify it, but it will also notice a number of different relationships of the object with its surroundings, as well as  new and interesting details  that it has already seen , but on which he has never dwelled before,

You know the expression “ looking at things from another point of view? “. By doing this exercise you will find that it really means something.

  1. Taste, and above all, smell

Marcel Proust begins his 2,000-page masterpiece “In Search of Lost Time” starting from the memories that suddenly emerge when he tastes a madeleine (it is a French biscuit).

Cabbages, two thousand pages of a book triggered by the taste of a biscuit !

The brain structures  connected to our olfactory and gustatory receptors are part of the oldest and “primitive” area of ​​our nervous system, and are largely adjacent to the hippocampus,  which is considered the true brain center of memory (and partly of emotions )

The anatomical proximity between these structures is also reflected in some functional correlations much studied in neurology: everyone knows by now that the memory capacity of taste and smell, even if it is not as detailed as the visual one, is not only very powerful, but also associated strongly with  emotions .

Furthermore, particularly as regards the sense of smell, we have an enormous, innate ability to distinguish different sensory stimuli. But we don’t use .

Then get into the habit of closing your eyes and smelling nature, things and people (in the latter case, be careful not to go crazy!), And you will be able to provoke real “synaptic explosions” in your brain  . mental activation.  

  1. Brainstorm

Take any activity, simple and obvious , such as opening a bottle. And then try to describe at least 20 different ways of doing it.

Exhausted the simplest, such as taking a corkscrew and opening it, you will quickly move on to the more “creative” ones: for example, building a time machine and sending the bottle into the future,  where they will open it with telekinesis.

Or send a ladybug to the gym to train, and then put it in the cap through a small hole and have it take it out by pushing from inside (real examples taken from some workshops).

Does it seem stupid to you?

Maybe that’s the benefit. By doing the exercise, the brain will start resisting; little by little, he will go to an area little used for him, the one in which the ” suspension of disbelief ” is activated .

In this way your mind will be able to work without the constraints that normally derive from consistency and logic .

In short, he loses his inhibitions, and in addition to giving birth to a lot of bullshit he will be able to increase his ability to churn out creative and effective solutions.

To train the mind with this exercise, it is essential that the brain understands the task assigned to it . Otherwise it will not be able to go beyond fifteen theoretical solutions.

Remember that this is not about really opening the bottle , but about temporarily suppressing critical thinking in order to produce as many brain images as possible around a given theme.

  1. Do mental speed exercises

It is full of apps to train the mind to “go fast”.

Try these exercises to train your mind and with which you can test:

  • visual memory
  • memory for words
  • memory for numbers
  • time of reaction to the stimulus.

See, the great thing about forcing your brain to do things quickly is that you naturally focus more. And concentration makes you use your mental abilities better.

It is for this reason, for example, that in fast reading , within certain limits, the comprehension of the text increases instead of decreasing. (Go to the quick reading guide )

  1. Exercise

When I graduated from medical school, it was thought that new neurons could not grow .

Instead, it seems that this is not the case, and that neurogenesis is in fact possible even at a relatively old age. In particular, there are a number of studies that demonstrate neuronal growth within the hippocampus (again him!), A deep brain structure involved in memorization processes.

For those who practice medicine, or for those interested in the subject in general, here is a long video that talks about the activities that can stimulate the growth of memory neurons: among them, running and some foods stand out .

(A warning: from a medical point of view, we are a long way from curing degenerative brain disorders, and this video is about things that have begun to be discovered, but that will yield results who knows when and who knows how).

  1. Do the Di Caprio in Inception

In the ( super cool! ) Film Inception , the protagonists construct entire imaginary worlds , in which they move after having plunged into a deep sleep.

The concept is interesting, and reminds me of the construction of memory palaces : mental structures that I build in long-term memory thanks to the loci technique , and to which I then link short-term information to remember them.

The effort to construct precise and detailed mental images in our mind, both of things we have seen and of imaginary things, is a very powerful stimulus for the brain, and a skill that is refined and perfected over time. Also, if you use and know memory techniques, you can train yourself by building mental buildings that you will need to memorize information later.

  1. Remember things from your past

It is a very complete exercise that stimulates concentration, memory areas and creativity at the same time.

Memorizing is different from remembering : the first is in fact the process through which you fix information in your memory; the second is the process by which you retrieve them after having memorized them.

Remembering is itself a form of thinking , but different from logical thinking or reasoning. In fact, when you think about something, for many reasons your brain has become accustomed to using processes connected especially with verbalization.

On the other hand, when you remember, your brain carries out processes connected mainly with visualization .

In broad terms, that is, we reason with words and remember with images.

Being able to bring visualization into reasoning can give your mind a lot of extra fuel, and we’ll see why in the next exercise.

  1. Solve “visual” riddles

Have you ever wondered why in many war films there are meetings of generals in front of a model of the terrain, complete with lead soldiers and tanks lined up?

The fact is that strategic reasoning needs to “see” things to be more effective . For example, try to solve this riddle:

“ A farmer wants to carry a fox, a goose and a sack of seeds from one side of a river to the other. However, with his boat he can only carry one thing at a time. But if he leaves the fox alone with the goose, the fox eats it. And if he leaves the goose alone with the seeds, the goose eats the seeds. How then does he carry the three from one top to the other ? ”


The first step can only be to bring the goose from bank A to bank B: if it brought the seeds, in fact, the fox and goose would remain on bank A, with the first eating the second.
And if he brought the fox, there would remain goose and seeds together, with the goose eating them.

On the second journey he can carry both the fox and the seeds from one bank to the other. But in any case he will have to bring the goose back (to avoid the fox / goose or goose / seed combinations).
There are therefore two scenarios:

If he takes the fox from A to B he must bring the goose back to A, take the seeds, bring them to B, go back, take the goose back and bring it back to B.

If instead he brings the seeds to B, he brings the goose back to side A, takes the fox, takes it to B, goes back to A, takes the goose and brings it to B.

Like most problems that require planning in the correct order of a series of actions to be solved (just like in strategic sciences ), this riddle is solved more easily only if you are able to accurately visualize the various scenarios. alternative.

Reflections on exercises to train the mind

The exercises that I have proposed to you are, in the description, quite different from each other. But there are some rules that are repeated often and make them similar:

  • The mental visualizationis a powerful stimulus for memory, creativity and problem solving
  • The senses other than sightmust be stimulated more than you usually do, because you use them little and badly
  • Sight must be stimulated, but in a different way than usual, that is, by changing the perspective
  • The positive emotional content(games, relaxation, memories) are, for the mind, like a massage regenerator.

In short , the brain , to increase its level of activation, seems to need to break the monotony with which it interprets and interacts with reality , using new points of view and giving things new and pleasant emotional contents.

And then he doesn’t get bored and finds interest in things and self-confidence . As well as its owner.

The greatest benefit of doing these exercises in my opinion is that they remind us that we have a brain and give us the awareness of its different abilities and possibilities. And training the mind often means, after all, only using parts of it that we have forgotten we have. A greeting. Armando


by Abdullah Sam
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