Coal is one of the key to global energy production. 4% of the world’s electricity is produced by coal. So it is one of the major sources of electricity. Soon it will become the largest source of primary energy production. Global coal consumption is dominated by affordability, abundance and wide distribution. Based on the production rate, around 3 billion tonnes of coal is stored worldwide. Here we will talk about the top 5 coal producing countries. These are discussed in detail below.
Ukraine’s coal production in 2015 was 1.5 million tonnes. Due to the ongoing conflict in this country, coal production and coal-centric energy production have declined. Especially in the dominant eastern region of the country, the highest decline. Donetsk region of this country has reduced coal production by about 5%. As a result, the country has to import coal from South Africa and Russia to generate electricity.
Colombia produced about 1.5 million tonnes of coal in 20 years. Later, the target was increased by 5% to 3 million tonnes. The country’s export earnings depended on 1.5% of coal.
According to a December 2012 estimate, Kazakhstan produced 6.5 million tonnes of coal. It is the eighth coal producing country in the world. An estimated 1.8 billion tonnes of coal is stored in this country. There are more than 5 coal mines in this country.
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৭. South Africa
South Africa produces 20 million tonnes of coal. It is the 5th coal producing country. Most of South Africa’s coal is exported to Europe, China and India. Over 4% of South Africa’s electricity generation is dependent on coal.
Russia ranks sixth in coal production. The country produced 4.5 million tonnes of coal in 2012. 5% of which was steam coal. It is the 7th largest coal consumer country globally.
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Indonesia is the 7th largest coal producing country in the world. Which produces 3 million tonnes of coal. Indonesia surpassed Australia in terms of coal production. 7% of the country’s electricity is dependent on coal. According to the 2012 estimate, the country has around 1.8 billion tonnes of coal reserves.
Australia’s coal production reached 5 million tonnes in 20 years. It ranks fourth in terms of coal production. In 2002, the country exported about 1 million tonnes of coal. There are about 6 private coal mines in the country. Australia has about 1.5 billion tonnes of coal reserves.
India produces 3 million tonnes of coal. It is the 3rd largest coal producing country in the world. This country accounts for about 5% of the world’s production of coal. About three-quarters of India’s power generation is dependent on coal.
2. The United States
The United States is the 2nd largest coal producing country in the world. During this period, the country produced about 122 million tonnes of coal. About 7% of the country’s total electricity generated depends on coal. About 25 billion tonnes of coal is stored in the country.
China is the world’s largest coal producing country. It has produced about 1.5 billion tonnes of coal in 20 years. The country produces about 5% of the world’s coal. About 5% of the electricity generated in this country is dependent on coal.