First aid for a superficial burn

Small accidents at home can result in a superficial burn. Normally we can apply some home treatment, without the need for professional healthcare.

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Almost everyone has ever suffered a superficial burn on their body. Many times these are the result of small household accidents, mainly in the kitchen, such as unintentionally touching a hot pan or a splash of boiling oil.

But burns can also be the result of an unprotected sunny afternoon or contact with a wide variety of objects such as an iron or an exhaust pipe. These burns are usually very easy to treat at home and do not require medical attention .

However , it is important to learn to differentiate minor burns from deeper burns. When it comes to superficial burns, there are some topical remedies that can be very helpful in calming the burning and pain they cause.

What is a superficial burn?

Different levels of burns

Depending on the layer of skin that has been affected, the burn can be classified in different degrees.

Burns are classified by their degree of skin involvement . There are first, second and third degree burns. According to these, the treatment will vary according to its characteristics.

  • Most domestic burns are first degree,that is, the lesion is superficial and affects only the outer layer of the skin.
  • Some burns can be of the second degree, in which the first layer of the skin or epidermis and also the second layer or dermis are affected.
  • Third-degree burns affect the layer of fat under the skinand are generally more severe. They can compromise the nerves, causing numbness. Its causes include heat sources such as fire, electricity, or chemicals.

Superficial burns generally cause redness and pain. The skin may also be swollen and blisters may form on the fingers or any other part of the body that has been affected.

There are some basic precautions to keep at home when minor burns occur . There are some topical remedies that can help soothe burning, pain, and swelling.

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First aid in case of superficial burns

Ensuring a correct cleaning of the burn, together with the application of regenerating creams, will help the final healing of the skin.

The first thing to do in the event of a superficial burn is to cool the skin. For this you must use cold water, not ice, and in no case ice . The extreme cold could cause even more damage to the skin. Ideally, keep injured skin under running water for a few minutes.

Once the lesion is confirmed to be superficial, the area can be gently washed with soap and water to clean it well. In case there are blisters, it is very important not to burst them.

We must remember that an open blister can become infected and this would greatly complicate the injury. Injured skin should not be covered with fiber-leaving dressings, as these may stick to the burn.

Classic home remedies like butter, toothpaste, oil, or egg white are not always recommended. Special creams for burns can be applied, as there are many options available on the market.

If the pain from the burn persists, over-the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen or ibuprofen can also be taken to relieve it. With a quick attention at the moment of the burn , we will be able to effectively control the pain and the consequences.

Aloe vera cream

Either alone or in combination with other plants such as marigold, Aloe vera is an excellent natural regenerator for burned skin.

Aloe vera has wonderful properties to relieve irritation, swelling and pain. In addition, it has antibacterial qualities. It is a natural, safe and effective option to relieve the discomfort caused by minor burns.

Calendula cream

The calendula cream is also a natural very effective way to relieve irritation and swelling caused by burns. Does not contain artificial colors or perfumes.

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Healing cream for a superficial burn

Healing cream for the skin is a very powerful natural remedy and one of the best sellers for the treatment of superficial burns. It is an ointment that does not cause burning or discomfort, immediately relieves the skin and helps regenerate it .

Normally these types of creams are made with essential oils and other ingredients with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and regenerative effects on the skin. Its effect is very positive on the dermis.

Finally, it is necessary to remember that in case we are dealing with a more serious burn, it should always be attended by a health professional. This will assess the degree of involvement and the most appropriate treatment in each case.


by Abdullah Sam
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