Peas, also known as peas or peas, are seeds that are enclosed in the pea pods. This is part of the legume family such as green beans, so they are extremely nutritious and rich in vitamins A and C, lipids, proteins and carbohydrates. In the market we can find a lot of peas, but these do not have the same flavor and properties of peas that can be grown at home. Read on to know how to plant peas .
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How and when do you have to sow peas?
There are different varieties of peas . Early peas should be sown between February and August, the middle peas between May and June; and late peas in July. The first thing you should do is water the soil before planting peas . If you do it through seeds, you will have to make a small groove and place the seeds there; then cover them with 3 or 4 cm of soil. The seeds will germinate 10 days after being sown.
In the case that you buy pea seedlings you can transplant them and that’s it. Remember to leave approximately 15 cm between plant and plant where you go to plant peas . Keep in mind that it can reach a height of 1 m, so you will need some support to guide the crop.
If you are going to plant peas in a pot , you will have to opt for a 19 liter or more. Remember to cover the substrate with a layer of straw to make an organic padding and thus reduce the evaporation of water present in the soil of the pot and, thereby, reduce the frequency of irrigation and save water.
Soil, irrigation, temperature and harvest
Peas are very good in any type of soil , but prefer those with a pH between 5.5 and 6.8. Love fresh, fluffy and very well drained soils. On the other hand, they do not need large fertilizer contributions because they fix atmospheric nitrogen.
As for irrigation, you should pay attention that the soil where you have planted the peas is always moist, but not flooded. This will prevent rot and parasitic causes and ensure proper root development.
Peas grow very well around 23 ° C , although they are also able to grow at higher temperatures. If frosts have been forecast, it is best to cover the plants, since they usually tolerate temperatures below 7 ° C, but their pods and flowers will not.
The pea harvest will depend on the planting season . This means that if you have sown the peas in autumn, they will be ready to be harvested in spring and, if planted in winter, they will be harvested in summer.
- Green aphid: causes plants to become vulnerable and sensitive, since it affects them completely. Beat it with potassium soap if it is a mild pest, but if it is an abundant pest, you will have to clean it first with potassium soap and then with neem oil.
- Sitona: This beetle feeds on the leaves of the pea plant when it is adult, while the larvae affect the root nodules. It is best to make an early planting to prevent both peas and the pest match.
- Pea moth: It is a dark butterfly that lays eggs on the pea flowers. The problem is that caterpillars that are born from eggs feed on grains. Combine them with neem oil and bacillus thuringiensis.