At the end of winter it is the ideal time to start the seedlings of our summer crops such as tomatoes, zucchini, eggplant or pepper. Planting peppers is easy , but first you must make the seedbed and then plant them in the garden. Continue reading to know how to do it.
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How to plant peppers?
The best time to sow peppers is 2 to 2½ weeks before the last frost . You must place several pepper seeds in a pot of at least 15 liters and at least 20 cm deep with soil.
Place the seeds in the soil and cover with a little soil leaving a separation between each of them. These will germinate in 10 or 20 days. If you buy peppers in seedlings, you should plant peppers in the garden with about 15 cm of separation between plant and plant.
The pepper plant prefers a fertile and light soil , which does not have too much nitrogen, since this could cause the peppers never to bloom. Enter compost into the garden at the place where you are going to plant the pepper, or add the compost to the soil mixture that goes into the pot.
Then, you will have to leave the pot somewhere that is protected from the cold. When the plants have reached 13 cm high, you will have to take out the weakest and leave the strongest. Then, it will be necessary to transfer to the garden. In cold climates, it is best to wait at the beginning of spring to transplant.
Sun and watering
The pepper is fascinated by the sun, so if you want to plant some variety of this plant in your urban garden or in a pot, you will have to place it in a place where it gives enough sun. On the other hand, it is essential that there is a minimum temperature of 19 ° C at the time of flowering so that the pepper can produce fruits.
As for irrigation, the pepper plant does not require much water , so you should not water it frequently, but you have to do it when it is very hot. When you water the pepper plants, be very careful not to wet the fruits, as this can cause them to rot. The best irrigation for pepper plants is drip irrigation.
When are peppers harvested?
When you observe a very intense green tone, this will be the time to harvest peppers . Keep in mind that a single plant can produce between 10 and 15 fruits. When picking them up, it is important that you leave them with a couple of centimeters of corner.
- White fly
- Red spider
- White spider
- Snails and slugs
Tips to reproduce new plants
Take a pepper of the variety you want and cut it with the help of a knife. Take the handful of seeds you have and store them in a place where they can dry. Sow the seeds as we have said before without wetting them as you would with other plants, since these can rot as opposed to others.
The flavor of the pepper and concentration of the spicy is sensitive to the weather, so in extremely sunny summers these characteristics are usually enhanced, but in colder and humid summers they are likely to lose flavor and itching. Therefore, it is advisable to procure a site with lots of sun to plant peppers . On the other hand, keep in mind that if the plant has reached 40 cm, you will have to place a stick or guardian.