When you are dealing with a rear-end collision , you need to keep an eye on every single element to assess any liability .
Discover with us the main terms of such a situation, taking a look at the various cases and monitoring each situation in order to avoid running into undue economic sanctions.
What the Highway Code affirms on liability in rear-end collisions
What does the Highway Code say about rear -end collisions ? In principle, the body attributes the responsibility for the driver of the car that caused the accident. Everything is ruled by article 141, according to which the driver is obliged to keep the speed of the vehicle under control based on a series of very specific components:
- the conditions in which the vehicle is paid;
- the loading of the vehicle including people and goods on board;
- the road situation;
- the conditions of the related traffic;
- any other security circumstances.
In most cases, it is those who hit the rear who have to take their blame, since they would not have respected the minimum safety distances and would not have been able to brake and maneuver quickly. The situation changes if the rear-end car has made a sudden stop or any other movement considered dangerous. At the same time, pay attention to any particular asphalt conditions, such as extreme wetness and oil patches, not forgetting potholes and dips.
Chain infill between vehicles stationary in the column
What happens to you if you are involved in rear-end collisions involving various vehicles stopped in the column ? This situation occurs when the cars are in line at the red light or in a fairly high traffic condition. As already mentioned above, in principle, the responsibility is attributed to the driver of the vehicle positioned further back. In most cases, this car makes the first collision, consequently causing all the others and giving rise to accidents even of rather large proportions.
The Court of Cassation also ruled on a similar case with its own sentence. If there are no other elements ready to come into play, if a rear-end collision occurs , you must pay the insurance company of the driver who caused the first accident from behind. Also in this circumstance, the casuistry is wide and you have to take into account any possible variable to avoid incurring inadequate expenses.
Chain infill between moving vehicles
And what if the rear-end collision between more than two vehicles involved moving vehicles? However, you should be aware of the various situations that may arise. In such cases, if there are no particular conditions, each driver has their own share of responsibility in the production of the damage. All rear-end cars are therefore required to assume their respective economic burdens because they have not complied with the various rules regarding the safety distance from the vehicles in front.
In any case, what matters is that you are always careful in all particular conditions, paying particular attention in the event that you are in a state of less than ideal visibility or you are driving on asphalt that is not exactly dry or smooth. Keep an eye on the possible presumptions of guilt and act in such a way as to have to pay only the possible sum of money corresponding to the deed done, avoiding running into very unpleasant situations.
The release proof
When you are dealing with a rear-end collision of moving cars , know that you can avoid certain economic sanctions through a rather simple measure. This is the release test , which must demonstrate how much you have taken all possible measures to avoid an accident of this type. For example, you have to make sure that the collision with the car in front of yours is not due to a high proximity to it, but only to a very high speed of the vehicle following you. Also remember that if you are driving the car positioned further ahead in a rear-end collision, you are not required to pay any fine and you have no direct liability.
The last element you need to consider when you are dealing with a rear-end collision between several cars concerns the direct compensation system. In this case, you must never submit a claim for compensation to your insurance agency, as there are more than two cars in such cases. To best solve such an unpleasant situation, you have to contact either the vehicle positioned further back that generated the whole accident, or the one that was directly behind you in such a situation. Obviously we suggest you take the first precaution if you have run into a rear-end collision of parked vehicles and the second in a situation of moving cars. Finally, don’t forget to ask for financial damages to the insurance agency of the vehicle you were in at the time of the possible accident.