15 Principles of Communicative Approach In Language Learning

Discover the principles of the Communicative Approach in language learning, focusing on authentic communication, learner-centeredness, meaningful interactions, and error tolerance. Communicative Approach acknowledge that structures and vocabulary are important. This learning method in language learning focuses on the ability to communicate in the target language in a variety of contexts.

When we communicate, we use the language to accomplish some function, such as agreeing, persuading, or  promising. We carry out-these functions-within-a- social—context. A speaker will choose a particular way to express his argument not only based upon his intent and his level of emotion, but also on whom he is addressing and what his relationship with that person is. For example, he may be more direct in arguing with his friend than with his employer.

Furthermore, since communication is a process, it is insufficient for students to simply have knowledge of target language forms, meanings, and functions. Students must be able to apply this knowledge in negotiating meaning. It is through the interaction between speaker and listener (or reader and writer).

Exploring the Principles of the Communicative Approach in Language Learning.

Principles of Communicative Approach

  1. 1.Whenever possible, “authentic language” – language as it is used in a real context – should be introduced.
  2. Being able to figure, put the speaker’s or writer’s intentions is part of being communicatively
  3. The target language is a vehicle for classroom communication, not just the object of study.
  4. One function can have many different forms. Since the focus of the course is on real use, a variety of linguistic forms are presented.
  5. Students should work with language at the discourse (above the sentence) level. They must learn about cohesion and coherence, those tr( -J properties of language which bind the sentences together.
  6. Games are important because they have to certain features in common with real communicative events there is a purpose to the exchange.
  7. Also, the speaker receives immediate feedback from the listener on whether or not she has successfully communicated. Having students work in small groups maximizes the amount of communicative practice they receive                                                                     J               . ‘
  8.  Students should be given an opportunity to express their ideas and opinions.
  9. Errors are tolerated and seen as a natural outcome of the development of communication skills. Students’ success is determined as much by their fluency as it is by their accuracy. .          ’
  10. One of the teacher’s major responsibilities is I to establish situations likely to promote communication.
  11. Communicative interaction encourages cooperative relationships among students. It gives students an opportunity to work on negotiating meaning.
  12. The social context of the communicative event is essential in giving meaning to the utterances.
  13. Learning to use language forms appropriately is an important part of communicative competence.
  14. The teacher acts as an advisor^ during communicative activities.
  15. In communicating, a speaker has a choice not only about what to say, but also =
  16. The grammar and vocabulary that the students learn follow from the function, situational context, and the roles of the interlocutors.       ‘
  17. Students should be given opportunities to develop strategies for interpreting language as it is actually used by native speakers.

Here’s a table summarizing its key principles:

Principle Description
Meaningful Communication Language learning should involve real communication; the purpose of language use is to communicate meaning.
Contextual Learning Language is taught in the context of its use. The context and situation influence the meaning.
Fluency and Accuracy Focus is on both fluency (the flow of speech) and accuracy (correctness in grammar, vocabulary, etc.).
Interaction Interaction with others is a key component; language is a tool for interaction and social communication.
Task-based Learning Use of language through tasks that resemble real-life situations enhances learning.
Learner-centered Approach Emphasis on the needs, interests, and objectives of learners.
Cultural Understanding Incorporates understanding of the culture where the language is spoken.
Use of Authentic Materials Utilization of real-life materials (newspapers, videos, etc.) rather than textbook-only approaches.
Integration of Language Skills Combines reading, writing, listening, and speaking, and integrates them in language teaching.
Inductive Teaching Learners discover rules through the presentation of adequate linguistic forms in the target language.

These principles guide the teaching methodology, focusing on the practical use of language and communication skills rather than just grammatical and lexical knowledge.


The principles of the Communicative Approach highlight its innovative and effective nature in language learning. By promoting authentic communication, learner-centeredness, meaningful interactions, and error tolerance, this approach provides learners with the necessary skills and confidence to become proficient communicators in the target language.

by Abdullah Sam
I’m a teacher, researcher and writer. I write about study subjects to improve the learning of college and university students. I write top Quality study notes Mostly, Tech, Games, Education, And Solutions/Tips and Tricks. I am a person who helps students to acquire knowledge, competence or virtue.

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