This aVocado is one of the most popular fruits in the western country. Not attractive in taste and smell, but because of its special quality, this fruit is well known in Central America. Avocado cultivation in Bangladesh can be utilized for human welfare through cultivation. As a result, there is a lot of oil, only 5% of the fruits of certain varieties. As a result, the carbohydrate content is relatively low. For diabetics, this fruit is particularly effective. Due to its regime and abundance of oil, many are referred to as butter fruits. Experimentally, its cultivation was successful in Bangladesh.
Avocado is known in English as Alligator Pear . It originated in a wide area of South America, starting from Mexico. It is divided into three tribes due to its origin, climate and other characteristics.
The quality of avocado
- High fat and rich in vitamin rich fruits.
- Oil is extremely helpful in preventing uterine cancer and heart disease in women.
- Improves the eyesight.
- Plays a very effective role in preventing bone loss.
- Helps maintain the balance of cholesterol in the body.
- Avocado oil contains almost all types of vitamins and is extremely effective for hair. Particularly vitamin B and vitamin A, which strengthen the hair follicles and help to grow hair. This oil can be used directly on the hair and skin.
The weather and soil of our country are suitable for avocado cultivation. Avocado seedlings can easily be found in any nursery at a cost of Rs . 3-4 or less.
Mexican – The fruit of this variety is small, less than 20 grams, the skin of the fruit is thin and smooth, in 3-5 months ripe, the seeds are large and separated from the stems, the maximum oil in the shell is present, the tree can withstand temperatures below minus. Its origin is Mexico.
Guatemalan – The result is larger than that of Mexicans, 5-7 grams, thick skin, small seeds, 3-5 months ripe, 3-5 percent oil. Its origin is in the Guatemala Highlands.
West Indian – Large fruits, smooth skin, fruit ripening in 3-5 months, seeds large, oil only 3-5 percent, plants are affected at low temperatures. The lowland area of Central America is its origin.
Avocados of the finest varieties have been created through the hybridization of different tribes.
There are several different varieties of avocado.
Fuerte – the most famous breed in the world. A hybrid of Mexican and Guatemalan varieties. The fruit is in the form of green and pear. Weight 5 grams. The result is 20% oil.
Hash – Guatemalan varieties, the fruit is round and ripe in purple, weighs 20 grams.
Lula – a hybrid of Guatemalan and West Indian varieties. Pear size, skin smooth and green. The amount of oil is 12-5%. Such trees grow quickly and have high yields.
Pollock – West Indian varieties. The fruits are 3-5 grams. The amount of oil is 3-5%. It grows well in the humid climate of the equatorial region.
Climate and soil
The climate of Bangladesh has proved useful for avocados. The tree planted on the missionaries’ farm in Raikhali and Madhupur in Chittagong district is bearing fruit. It is important for the avocado to have good soil drainage. Otherwise, the roots may be rotten disease. The rainfall does not do much damage.
Avocado descent is possible by adding seeds, branches, organs and twigs. The germination capacity of the seed is not good. The soil should not be given more than 5 cm above the seed. Before transplanting the seeds remove the upper ash and germinate quickly. Seeds are made from 5 to 4 pieces per seed long. Of course, each piece must contain embryos. Its origin is commercially recognized in a unique way. The branch has to be taken with a sheet to cover it. Veneer and cleft methods are the most commonly used for organ mobilization and the color system for twin additions.
Method of production
For commercial avocado cultivation in the garden, it is necessary to plant saplings 3-5 meters away. Fertilizers should be applied regularly. To plant the seedlings, it should be 5 cm deep and 5 m wide and fill it with soil mixed with manure. Doll can be mixed with 2-5 pieces of cow dung and 1 gram TSP. The upper part should be elevated so that the water does not freeze. Two weeks after planting the seedlings, the urea and muret of potash should be mixed with the ground soil of the fodder at 25 g.
Fertilizers and irrigation
Up to the age of five, TSP and mutate of potash can be applied to each tree for 1 gram of urea and 1 gram per year. After five years, fertilizer should be increased gradually. Apply 3-5 pieces of cow dung per tree per year.
These fertilizers should be mixed in two installments from February-March to October-November. There is no need to irrigate avocado. However, irrigation during the dry season will benefit. Irrigation is needed for rapid growth of the plants.
The soil at the base of the tree should not be deeply buried. No need to prune to keep the shape of the tree nice. When the upper branch of the seedling fodder is cut over one meter, the stalks spread.
Seed trees bear fruit in 3-5 years. In some species, fruit retention is irregular. If the bark of the tree trunk is lifted in a circle, these trees produce more fruit. The ripe fruit hangs on the tree for a long time. But when ripe in such a condition, the fruit is ripe if kept for a week at a temperature of 25 9-220, and it takes months to ripen at that temperature.