Parts of the classical guitar

The guitar is a string or string musical instrument that is based on a wooden or resonance box through which it produces sounds. The classical guitar is characterized by having six strings, which sound when they are pink with a fingernail, a plectrum or simply with the fingers.


The classical or Spanish guitar dates from the 100 a. C. and it is believed that it is one of the most used instruments around the world since it allows the interpretation of various melodies and different musical genres such as Jazz; Blues; Ranchera, among others.


  • 1Parts of a Guitar
    • 1Head
    • 2Pins
    • 3Headstock
    • 4Bridge
    • 5Mast
    • 6Frets
    • 7Capos
    • 8Strings
    • 9Fingerboard
    • 10Soundboard
        • 10.0.1Mouth
        • 10.0.2Major bridge
        • 10.0.3Rib
        • 10.0.4Top and bottom covers
        • 10.0.5Base

Parts of a Guitar


The head is located on the top of the guitar. Through the strings the guitar gets its greatest tension thanks to the pegs of the head, since they allow its tuning.


They are in charge of decreasing or increasing the tension of the strings to keep the guitar in tune, they are rotating pieces that are on each side of the head.


They are two metal pieces that are placed on the peg and the strings are fastened, their function is to provide the preferred pitch or musical height.


It is a wooden plate that establishes or fixes the strings to the guitar. The bridge has six holes where one end of the string is tied avoiding rubbing with the wood and thus being able to produce sounds when touched.


The neck is in charge of supporting the tension produced by the strings, in addition to giving them the correct position. This serves to support the fingerboard and is divided into two parts, frets and nut.


Frets are the spaces into which the fretboard is divided, and are equivalent to each of the musical notes. The acoustic guitar can have 19 to 22 frets.



They are metal bars that are responsible for separating the frets that make up the neck, that is, they mark the exact margin of space that the strings must keep between themselves.


They are the indispensable pieces of the guitar, without it the sound would not be produced, the strings can be both nylon and metal strings and can have different gauges.

The strings are divided into smooth and wound, the smooth ones are made with a soft nylon thread and the wound ones are usually made of a metallic material, generally nickel or bronze.


It is where the fingers must be placed for the guitar to sound, it is located on the neck of the guitar and the frets are placed on it.

Sounding board

It is a curvilinear shaped wooden box, whose objective and design is to amplify the sound, that is, it is the body of the guitar where the acoustic effects that give volume to the sounds are performed. The soundboard is divided into several parts:


It is the circular opening that is located at the front of the guitar, which allows the sounds produced by the strings to be input and output.

Major bridge

It is in charge of communicating the head with the body of the guitar as well as the minor bridge, thus preventing the strings from rubbing against the wood.


The rib is the curved, collateral part of the guitar that is intended to support the body of this instrument.

Top and bottom covers

The function of the soundboard covers is to take care of the guitar shape together with the base.


This is responsible for completing the structure of the guitar, is the closure of it.


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