Pampelmusa , pummelo , cimboa or grapefruit . It is an evergreen tree of the rutáceas family. It is native to Southeast Asia, where it grows wild, and has spread less than other citrus.

Due to the influence of English, it is sometimes confused with the hybrid plant Citrus × paradisi better known as grapefruit or grapefruit. In English the pampelmusa is called “grapefruit” and the grapefruit “grapefruit”.


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  • 1 Taxonomy
    • 1 Scientific name
      • 1.1 Authors
    • 2 Basonym
      • 2.1 Basonym combinations
    • 3 Synonymy
    • 4 Common name
    • 5 Cultivated hybrids
  • 2 Origin
  • 3 Botanical description
  • 4 attributed medicinal properties
  • 5 References
  • 6 Sources


Scientific name

  • Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr.

Fruit of the Citrus maxima



  • Merrill, Elmer Drew
  • Published in: An Interpretation of Rumphius’s Herbarium Amboinense 296–297. 1917. [two]


  • Aurantium maximum Burm. [3]

Basonym combinations

  • Citrus maxima (Burm.) Osbeck [4]


  • Aurantium decumanum (L.) Mill.
  • Aurantium maximum Burm.
  • Citrus × aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
  • Citrus × aurantium f. grandis (L.) Hiroë
  • Citrus × aurantium L.
  • Citrus × aurantium subsp. decumana (L.) Tanaka
  • Citrus × aurantium var. decumana L.
  • Citrus × aurantium var. grandis L.
  • Citrus × limetta Risso
  • Citrus × nobilis Lour.
  • Citrus × paradisi Macfad.
  • Citrus × sinensis (L.) Osbeck
  • Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
  • Citrus aurantium L.
  • Citrus aurantium var. decumana L.
  • Citrus aurantium var. grandis L.
  • Citrus aurantium var. sinensis L.
  • Citrus costata Raf.
  • Citrus decumana (L.) L.
  • Citrus grandis (L.) Osbeck
  • Citrus grandis var. pyriformis (Hassk.) RK Karaya
  • Citrus grandis var. sabon (Siebold ex Hayata) Hayata
  • Citrus kwangsiensis Hu
  • Citrus limetta Risso
  • Citrus maxima var. uvacarpa Merr.
  • Citrus medica subfo. pyriformis (Hassk.) Hiroë
  • Citrus obovoidea Yu. Tanaka
  • Citrus pampelmos Risso
  • Citrus paradisi Macfad.
  • Citrus pompelmos Risso
  • Citrus pyriformis Hassk.
  • Citrus sabon Siebold ex Hayata
  • Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck
  • Limonia × aurantiifolia Christm.
  • Limonia aurantifolia Christm. [5]
  • Aurantium × corniculatum Mill.
  • Aurantium decumana (L.) Mill.
  • Aurantium decumanum (L.) Mill.
  • Aurantium × distortum Mill.
  • Aurantium maximum Burm.
  • Aurantium × vulgare (Risso) M. Gómez
  • Citrus × aurantiifolia subsp. murgetana Garcia Lidón et al.
  • Citrus × aurantium subsp. aurantiifolia (Christm.) Guillaumin
  • Citrus × aurantium var. crassa risso
  • Citrus × aurantium var. daidai makino
  • Citrus × aurantium var. dulcis hayne
  • Citrus × aurantium var. Risso fetifera
  • Citrus × aurantium f. grandis (L.) M.Hiroe
  • Citrus × aurantium f. grandis (L.) Hiroë
  • Citrus × aurantium var. lusitanica Risso
  • Citrus × aurantium var. vulgaris (Risso) Risso & Poit.
  • Citrus grandis var. yamabuki (Tanaka) Karaya
  • Citrus × humilis (Mill.) Poir.
  • Citrus hystrix subsp. Acid Engl.
  • Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr.
  • Citrus × sinensis var. Tanaka brassiliensis
  • Citrus × sinensis subsp. crassa (Risso) Rivera, et al.
  • Citrus × sinensis subsp. fetifera (Risso) Rivera, et al.
  • Citrus × sinensis subsp. lusitanica (Risso) Rivera, et al.
  • Citrus × sinensis var. sanguinea (Engl.) Engl.
  • Citrus × sinensis var. sekkan hayata
  • Citrus × sinensis subsp. suntara (Engl.) Engl.
  • Citrus yamabuki Yu.Tanaka [6]

Common name

Pampelmusa, pummelo, cimboa or grapefruit.

Cultivated hybrids

According to the classification of the species of the genus Citrus proposed by Mabberley in 1997 and that currently seems to have sufficient consensus. There are several important cultivated hybrids of Citrus maxima

  • Citrus × aurantifolia, are limes, which are hybrids of  maxima with other species of the citrus genus, although there are authors who think that they could even be other species outside this genus.
  • Citrus × aurantium( pampelmusa x mandarina ), which are bitter oranges. Within this group, four other hybrids are considered.
    • Citrus × sinensis, are also hybrids of pampelmusa x mandarin but with a higher proportion of mandarin, they are the well-known sweet oranges.
    • Citrus × paradisi(pampelmusa x orange) is the grapefruit .
    • Citrus × nobilis, are the tangors .
    • Citrus × tangelo, are the tangelos


Species native to Indochina – Indonesia .

Citrus maxima flower

Botanical description

Medium tree. Cultivated in Cuba centuries ago, it is scattered in the mountains and in the courtyards, but somewhat scarce. In Camagüey there is a form of this species of erect bearing, called moreira orange. The leaves and fruits are large, these with a thin pulp and a very thick rind, which is used to make sweets.

Attributed medicinal properties

It is used in traditional medicine to combat hypertension , by ingesting its juice.


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