Salacca zalacca

Salacca zalacca. It is a fruit that is poorly marketed due to its high market price and low nutritional value. Its most notable feature is its scaly skin which has earned it the nickname of “snake fruit”. Salacca zalacca taxonomy was described by (Gaertn.) Voss and published in Vilmorins Blumengärtnerei. Dritte neubearbeite Auflage.


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  • 1 Etymology
  • 2 Origin
  • 3 Properties
  • 4 Nutrients
  • 5 Uses
  • 6 Sources


Salacca: generic name that is a Latinization of the Malay vernacular name salak. zalacca: epithet that repeats the name. Kingdom: Plantae (without rank): Monocots (without rank): Commelinids Order: Arecales Family: Arecaceae Subfamily: Calamoideae Tribe: Calameae Subtribute: Salaccinae Genus: Salacca Species: Salacca zalacca (GAERTN.) VOSS


Salak is found on the island of Java and Sumatra , but its origin remains unknown. It is mainly cultivated in Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia.


It is a small palm tree that has the stem generally underground, with a very short stem, with leaves up to 6 meters long; each leaf is 2 meters long petiole with spines up to 15 centimeters long, and numerous leaflets. The fruits grow in clusters at the base of the palm.


Nutritional value per 100 g Energy 368 kcal 1539 kJ Fat 0.4 g Protein 0.8 g Vitamin C 8.4 mg (14%) Calcium 38 mg (4%) Iron 3.9 mg (31%) Phosphorus 18 mg (3%) Sodium 0 mg ( 0%)


Its edible fruit is the salak or snake fruit, also called [Cayigo] (salak means snake in Javanese and Kay is a type of brown snake); It is a large oval or fusiform drupe 5 to 8 cm long, covered with brown scales that resemble the hard skin of a snake. Its meat is toasted yellow with the bone size of a hazelnut. It is a sweet fruit widely used in Malaysia to make sweet dumplings or curries in Thailand.


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