Mumia Abu-Jamal . Born on 24 of April of 1954 in Philadelphia under the name Wesley Cook, is a journalist and known for being the political prisoner more time behind bars, home African American , was falsely accused by the murder of police officer Daniel Faulkner and sentenced to the death penalty in 1982 . His case has sparked various campaigns inside and outside the United States for his release, while US police fraternities have actively sought to expedite his execution.
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- 1 Execution
- 2 Race
- 3 Arrest and trial
- 4 Retribution of the case
- 5 Sources
Basically, he was waiting to be executed between 1982 and December 2001 , when the federal district judge William John , reversed Jamal’s sentence. However, John reaffirmed the charges, sentencing him to life in prison. The 27 as March as 2008 , a US court ordered a review of the death sentence.
Before his sentence, he worked as a journalist in the American state of Philadelphia , starting at the young age of 14 as the head of information for the Black Panther Party in that state. During those years the party was characterized by internal quarrels and arguments, so it decided to leave the movement. Some time later he would become an active supporter of the MOVE naturopathic group and at the same time the president of the Philadelphia Association of Black Journalists .
Some sources indicate that these journalistic successes have been exaggerated, although others have described him as a “highly regarded Pennsylvania journalist who has exposed police violence and racism against minority communities.” At the time of his arrest, he was combining his career as a journalist with that of a taxi driver.
Arrest and trial
On December 9, 1981 , a policeman named Daniel Faulkner arrested Willam Cook (Abu-Jamal’s brother) for driving the wrong way and with the lights off. Abu-Jamal stated that he was currently driving his taxi close to the scene and that he observed the police hit his brother with a flashlight, however William later stated that it was in response to his initial attack.
In the ensuing fight, both Mumia and Faulkner were shot. Faulkner was wounded in the back and in the face, killing him instantly. Abu-Jamal received the bullets in the chest. Police stated that Abu-Jamal shot Faulkner, despite not being present at the scene, while the defense alleges that Faulkner was shot from behind by a third individual who later fled the scene. Abu-Jamal was arrested at 4 am with a pistol registered to his name. On July 3, 1982 , Abu-Jamal was convicted of Faulkner’s murder and sentenced to death. In addition to his traditional legal defense, Abu-Jamal touched on many political issues during the trial and repeatedly asked the court to allow the MOVE leader ,John Africa , to represent him.
Retribution of the case
The case of Mumia Abu-Jamal has become very popular in many media, especially among the political left, the anti-globalization movement, anti-death penalty activists, movements and libertarian entities, as well as the black nationalist movement. Saving Mumia from the death penalty is a popular cause among people and organizations, who insist on his innocence. Others, regardless of whether or not he is innocent, believe he did not receive a fair trial.
A third group of supporters simply opposes the death penalty in general. A fourth group rejects more severe penalties for killing a police officer than for killing an ordinary citizen. Many supporters have demanded a new trial, his immediate release, or the exchange of the death penalty for life in prison.
Daniel Faulkner’s family and the Fraternal Order of Police believe that Abu-Jamal killed Faulkner while he was carrying out a legal and justified arrest. In August 1999 , the FOP national meeting passed a resolution calling for an economic boycott against all individuals and companies who have expressed sympathy for Abu-Jamal. In June 1999, Arnold Beverly , an avowed hitman , stated that he was the one who fired the shots for which Mumia Abu Jamal is incarcerated by contract with the police and mafia . Jamal’s attorneys submitted this confession statement for a review of the trial.