Al Gore . American politician and environmental activist, who was Vice President of the United States from 1993 to 2001 . Candidate for the Presidency of the United States by the Democratic Party , he was defeated in a controversial election by the Texan George W. Bush .
After his retirement as a politician, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007 for his contribution to global reflection and action against climate change , and with the Prince of Asturias Award for International Cooperation. Since then he has spearheaded an intense campaign to raise awareness of the dangers of pollution and global warming .
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- 1 Biographical synthesis
- 1 Studies
- 2 Political career
- 2.1 Presidential candidate in 2000
- 2 Awards
- 3 Reviews
- 4 News
- 5 Sources
Son of the American senator also called Al Gore and Pauline LaFon Gore. He grew up in Carthage Tennessee , moving to Washington during the political course, graduated from government studies at Harvard University in 1969. His father taught him to value natural resources. After graduation, he entered the US Army as a publicist while serving in Vietnam .
It was at Harvard that Professor Roger Revelle who taught natural science classes attended the classes. Revelle was one of the first scientists to realize the high levels of CO2 absorption in the atmosphere and oceans, and therefore its consequences on the global climate. Once graduated, he traveled to Vietnam in 1969 serving as a journalist, on his return he worked at The Nashville Tennessean performing the same function.
Inspired by his father, he ran for the Democratic Party in the Tennessee Fourth District for the United States Congress in 1976 . He was elected to the Senate in 1984 , and re-elected once again in 1990 . His period was vice president from the 20 January of 1993 -20 January 2001 at the side of President Bill Clinton . However, he was unsuccessful in running for the Democratic nomination for president in 1988 .
In 1992 he published the book: “Earth in the balance: ecology and human spirit” , which translated into Spanish means: The land at stake: ecology and human consciousness, in which he raises the necessary ecological revolution for the 21st century, becoming then in one of the main world leaders in ecology. Symbolically signed the Kyoto Protocol during his term as vice president, the Clinton-Gore administration ( 1993 – 2001 ), he also sealed with his heading the Plan Colombia that uses aerial spraying with glyphosate (herbicide) to populations and coca plantations as a systematic method .
During his tenure under Clinton, he presented several initiatives of ecological nature to contribute to the solution of the climate crisis (improvement of treatment plants, laws for the protection of air and water, measures against toxic waste or protection of areas of the mining or petroleum exploitation territory) trying to convince the Senate to ratify the Kyoto Protocol that he himself had helped draft.
Presidential candidate in 2000
Accompanied in the formula by Joseph Lieberman , Gore was a candidate by the Democratic Party for the White House for the November 2000 elections , being the candidate with the most votes, slightly more than George W. Bush and well ahead of Ralph Nader and Pat Buchanan.
However, his Republican opponent, George W. Bush , won in number of collegiates. Very important for this result was that Bush officially obtained a few hundred more votes in Florida, a key state for the count due to the tightness of the results. The validity of these results was highly debated, among other reasons because ballots were presented at various tables that could lead to misunderstandings, because many Florida citizens were not allowed to vote due to their criminal record, and because serious obstacles were put to voters whose name and surnames coincided with those of the citizens vetoed by their background. Despite everything, after a few weeks of successive counts and judicial appeals, Gore gave up and recognized Bush as the winner.
After losing the 2000 elections , Gore became a professor of journalism for a few months, and then lectured on ecology again. In September 2002, he strongly condemned Bush’s policy in Iraq , calling it “a diversion” and accusing Bush of damaging the image of the United States abroad.
After raising great expectations, he did not stand for the 2004 Democratic primary , but supported Howard Dean’s failed bid.
Al Gore receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007
Albert Gore received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007 in conjunction with the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for his efforts to build and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change and lay the groundwork. for taking the necessary measures to counter that change.
He was also awarded the Prince of Asturias Award for International Cooperation.
Gore is criticized by a large section of the population for various reasons. On the one hand, they accuse him of using the hypothetical climate change to profit personally, since his personal fortune went from 2 to 100 million euros in 2008 , pocketing approximately 70 million euros in 7 years, giving conferences for a close value at 100,000 euros each.
Other very severe criticisms refer to the evident contradiction that exists between the awarding of the Nobel Peace Prize and the scandalous US attack against an alleged chemical weapons factory in Khartoum ( Sudan ), without having been investigated or sufficiently demonstrated, in August 1998 , being Al Gore vice president with Clinton .
On the other hand, they also accuse him of hypocrisy and double standards, for not giving an example of his recommendations. They claim that Gore consumes 20 times more energy than the average North American family and that he uses a heated pool, gas streetlights in his garden and an electric gate. He is also accused of owning some of the most polluting metal mineral mines in the United States.
Al Gore during a speech during COP15 in Copenhagen , Denmark
Currently, A Gore is director of Current TV, a television network based content created by viewers, and Generation Investment Management, also belongs to the board of Apple Computer and is a consultant to Google Inc . Gore has traveled the world giving lectures, supported by a slide show, in which he has tried to raise public awareness about the danger of climate change and the importance of life on a clean planet.