Muesli

Muesli. It comes from the German birchermüesli, literally “bircher cereal porridge”, it is a food of Swiss origin that is in the group of cereals, typically used as breakfast, although it is also consumed at snacks and dinners. Industrially it is packaged for use as an ingredient in other recipes or consumed directly with milk or yogurt.

Summary

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  • 1 Definition
    • 1 Product
  • 2 Discoverer
  • 3 Composition of the muesli
  • 4 Types of muesli
  • 5 Muesli Recipes
    • 1 Homemade muesli
    • 2 Muesli (Irish)
    • 3 Muesli bars
  • 6 See also
  • 7 Sources

Definition

Muesli (from the Swiss German birchermüesli, literally “bircher cereal porridge”) is a food of Swiss origin that is found in the group of cereals, typically for breakfast, although it is also eaten at snacks and dinners. Discovered by the famous Swiss doctor Max Bircher-Benner, one of the pioneers in eating methods, almost by chance during a walk in the Alps in his native Switzerland . Her daughter, Ruth Kunz-Bircher , is a follower of the food theories and practices initiated by her father.

Today it is known in England under the name of “Swiss musli”, in Milan it is served under the name of “Surprise Dolce”, and in Zurcí it is enough to ask at any hotel or restaurant for “Un Birche”. Of course, unfortunately, what they serve us according to which places is more or less copiously enriched with whipped cream, canned fruit and sugar, and as for the apple, is usually conspicuous by its absence.

In such a case there is no doubt that it lacks all the original virtues. And what about the different “Bircher-Muesli” that are offered packaged in all dietetic houses whose shelves display a series of more than suspicious products, such as powdered milk, dried apples, raisins, walnuts, beet sugar and flakes of oats? The only exception is frozen muesli, provided that it has been prepared very carefully. ”

Product

As a commercially available packaged product in some countries, its ingredients are dried or dehydrated cereals, nuts and fruits, mixed without a rigid recipe, depending on the manufacturer. When making a homemade preparation, “seasonal” products that are fresh in the market are usually used.

Among the cereals of its composition may be oats, wheat, rye, barley, corn or rice, either flaked or puffed, whole or refined. In the selection of fruits you can find apple , pear , banana , raisins, dates, plum, mango , fig , peach , strawberry , pineapple , coconut … and, among the nuts and seeds, walnuts, hazelnuts , almonds , peanuts (peanuts), sunflower , flax or sesame.

Similar to some of the Granola or Canarian gofio preparations , it can be consumed previously rehydrated with water, milk (not advisable fresh if there is a large proportion of acidic fruits that can curdle it), fermented milk , soy , kefir, yogurt , juices … and, according to the taste of the consumer, sweetened with cinnamon, anise , honey or sugar .

Being a live food, the muesli should be consumed especially immediately after preparation, for which reason it is necessary to be very rigorous in terms of the amount to be eaten. All kinds of cereals can be used, although oat flakes are the most traditionally used. For the sake of a variety that will always be appreciated, the following mixture should be used:

Muesli in a delicious and nutritious mixture of cereals, nuts, oilseeds and honey. Currently, it is a food recommended by the best food specialists, since it is considered a perfect food to cover basic nutritional needs. Muesli may vary in content depending on the brand, but generally it contains, among other ingredients, the following: Cereals; Honey; Nuts; Apples; Oilseeds.

Discoverer

Maximilian Oskar Bircher- Benner (Aarau, 22 August as as 1867 – 24 January as as 1939 ) Swiss physician and pioneer in nutritional research. He developed in his Zurich sanatorium a balanced diet of raw vegetables and fruits used as a means of healing patients, contrary to commonly held beliefs in the 19th century .

His best-known invention or discovery is muesli cereal, although his invention differs significantly from today’s muesli, and specifically from the one known in Switzerland as Bircher-Müesli.

Bircher-Benner modified the eating habits of the end of the 19th century. Instead of a lot of meat and white bread, postulating the consumption of fruits, vegetables and nuts. Their ideology not only controlled nutrition, but also a Spartan physical discipline. At his Bircher-Benner-Platz Zurich Sanitarium, patients had to follow a kind of daily monastic routine, which included going to bed early (9:00 p.m., 9:00 p.m.), physical training, and active labor. gardening and horticulture. His theories were based on a harmony between nature and people. Some of his ideas came from daily observation of the life of Swiss shepherds, who lived a simple and healthy life.

At the end of the 20th century , after the closure of the sanatorium, this was for a short time a hostel for students. Since then it was bought by the Zurich Financial Services and named the Zurich Development Center. Currently used for executive training and also houses an extensive private art collection.

In parallel with Bircher-Benner’s research in Europe , John Harvey Kellogg was working in the United States , developing another similar theory for a healthy diet.

Muesli composition

Muesli is, by itself, a perfect product:

  • CEREALS: oat flakes, sprouted wheat, soy flakes (soya), millet grains, etc .: vitamins A and E, B1, B2, B12, phosphorus + auxones, phosphatides , albumins , protids, etc.
  • MILK: vitamins B2, mineral salts CA, lipids.
  • HONEY: carbohydrates, iron.
  • APPLES: potassium , vitamins C, B1, carbohydrates .
  • NUTS: protein, potassium, phosphorus, B vitamins !, B2. An additional dose of fresh fruit is eventually added.
  • PURE LEMON: vitamin C and potassium.

This nutritious food allows it to be consumed in various ways, and offers the possibility of being combined in a wide variety of tasty and healthy recipes such as those mentioned below:

A serving of muesli (60-80 gr.) Contains proteins , vitamins , carbohydrates , lipids and minerals. It is considered a very complete food, both for adults and children, especially those who do not eat properly or who suffer from constipation. The nutritional character of muesli lies in its components: cereals, honey, milk, nuts , apples, lemon .

Types of muesli

Muesli, in addition to being an important source of protein and vitamins, provides the opportunity to taste it in many different ways. This way you can satisfy the tastes of everyone, from those with a sweet tooth to those most concerned about their line.

  • Crunchy tropical muesli. Toasted oat flakes, raw sugar, olive oil, oat bran, sea salt, honey, dried banana, dried pineapple, chopped hazelnuts, sesame, sunflower seeds, assorted raisins, unsweetened coconut, and preservatives. Unlike most mueslis, the tropical one contains sugar and salt.
  • Five-fruit muesli. Contains wheat, oats , barley and corn flakes , sultanas, sunflower seeds and dried fruits (apricot, dates, plums and apples). It has a percentage of fruit of 16%.
  • Muesli with chocolate. Composed of wheat, oat, barley, corn flakes, chocolate flakes, sultana raisins and crispy chocolate brown rice. Chocolate, in addition to giving good flavor, is a very complete food at the level
  • Generally, this type of muesli, since it has chocolate, is very popular with children and is an easy way for them to eat a nutritious food without protest.
  • Muesli with dried fruit and apple. Its ingredients are flakes of wheat, oats, barley, sultanas, sunflower seeds, flax, wheat germ, peanuts, hazelnuts, dried apple pieces.

Muesli recipes

Being a live food, the muesli should be consumed especially immediately after preparation, for which reason it is necessary to be very rigorous in terms of the amount to be eaten. All kinds of cereals can be used, although oat flakes are the most traditionally used. For the sake of a variety that will always be appreciated, the following mixture should be used:

  • 1 teaspoon of oat flakes ;
  • 1 teaspoon of ground cereal grains. This second tablespoon can be of wheat, rice, barley, rye, millet, soy (soy) flakes and mix with yeast flakes (vitamin B)
  • The fruit must be fresh, untreated. Apples should be juicy and moderately acidic
  • You can substitute milk for yogurt
  • Honey must have all the guarantees of purity, without the addition of sugar.
  • Treat that the nuts are not too old and that they are not rancid.

Homemade muesli

Ingredients: 4 servings

  • 1 cup of oat flakes
  • 1 cup crushed wheat, rice, barley, rye, millet, soya beans.
  • A tablespoon of yeast flakes (vitamin B).
  • Fresh fruit (especially apples) or dehydrated to taste, cut into pieces. If the fruit is fresh, the muesli should be consumed the same day.
  • yoghurt Natural
  • Pollen (optional)
  • Sesame to taste
  • Pure honey, without addition.
  • Crushed walnuts and almonds, not too old.

Preparation:
Place all the ingredients in a deep bowl and mix. Add honey and yogurt to taste. It is recommended to consume it once a day, especially at breakfast. To this recipe ingredients can be added or removed according to taste.

Muesli (Irish)

Ingredients:

  • 50 gr of rye flakes
  • 110 gr of oat flakes
  • 30 gr of raw sunflower seeds
  • 25 gr of chopped raw almonds
  • 3 tablespoons of sunflower oil
  • 3 tablespoons maple syrup (molasses or cane honey)
  • 3 pinches of cinnamon
  • 50 gr of raisins
  • 50 gr of chopped dried apricot (dried apricots)

Preparation:
In a large bowl, mix the rye, oats, sunflower seeds and chopped almonds. On the other hand, put the slightly hot oil (just a little warm) next to the maple syrup and cinnamon, and add to the content of the previous bowl, stirring gently so that all the flavors are taken. In a baking tray, spread everything, and bake at 160º C for approximately 15 minutes, or until you see that it is subtly golden and crisp. Try to move the mixture every so often, so that it is browned everywhere the same, and does not stick. When removing it, add the apricots and the raisins, and let it cool. It can be taken as it is, but it is a very nutritious breakfast or meal if you add a little vegetable milk of the one you like the most: soybeans, hazelnuts, almonds, rice

Muesli bars

Ingredients:

  • 450 grams of muesli
  • 30 grams of sesame
  • 5 tablespoons of olive oil
  • 5 tablespoons of honey
  • 1 teaspoon of various species, eg cinnamon, etc.
  • 45 grams of brown sugar.

Preparation:
While you heat the oven so that it reaches a temperature of 180 degrees, you spread a little oil on a low tray so that the muesli does not adhere. Then in another container mix all the ingredients on the list. When you have put a dough of all the ingredients, you spread it on the tray, better that it is flat and uniform. Put it in the oven and wait 15 to 25 minutes until the muesli is lightly browned, then remove the tray from the oven. Make divisions to the muesli dough the size you want the bars to be, let cool another half hour.

 

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