Importance of science has influenced every sector of our life.We are Surrounded by the Science and research.Modern science is only a few centuries old, but the scientific outlook is much older. When Newton watched an apple drop from the tree to the ground and asked why it fell down and did not fly upward he, demonstrated the essence of the scientific spirit. Again thousands of years before this exponent of modern science,the Greek; philosopher Socrates spent a whole lifetime in knowing the why and wherefore of things, in interrogating everybody he came across about their opinions. His restless search to know the reasons and arguments which lead men to come to a conclusion manifested the true scientific spirit.
Science Is The Beauty of Life And Essential Need of Life
Science may be pursued by limited section of humanity, but its fruits are shared and enjoyed by all. And as has been observed earlier the most precious of its fruits is the critical outlook which it fosters in man. It is this restless worm of curiosity in the human mind which Li the source of all real activity and progress. It is this which liberated man from feudalism, despotism and dictatorship. It is which is going to emancipate us from the tyranny of the rich. It is which has given equality to women and the right of self-determination: to the lowest of nations; it is this which has taught us to fly in the air and it is this which will carry us to the moon and the other planets These interplanetary flights are only symbols of the ceaseless activity of the human mind, guided by the spirit of science ever searching new worlds and new heavens.
What Is The True Concept And Definition of Science
Science is ordinarily defined as systematized knowledge. Bat it is not really knowledge so much as the system which science emphasizes. Everybody knows before the time of Newton that apples and other objects without any support would fall to the ground but it was he who told them why it was so. The effect was known but the cause was discovered by this great scientist. The discovery of the laws Laws gravitation explained :the phenomenon of objects falling to the ground instead of shooting up into the atmosphere. It is this linking of cause and effect which makes for systematized knowledge.
Scientist Observes And Research The things For Mankind
The scientist is not merely an observer of things; he is curious I: know how and why a particular thing happens. He is eager to explore the multifarious’ phenomena of the physical universe and knows the forces and laws which operate and govern them. The layman sees a lunar or solar eclipse and he is satisfied with the methodological legend that it is caused by the agency of some gigantic monster who chooses to grab these huge luminous bodies in his mouth for a while. The scientist raises a skeptical eye-brow on this fanciful theory, even though it has the sanction of religion and countless ages. The alleged cause of the eclipse has no logical connection with the effect. Hence the scientist rejects it and eventually discovers that the activity of the so-called giant is mere poetical fancy,the real cause of the eclipse being the juxtaposition of the heavenly bodies as result of the rotation of the earth.
The scientist does not, therefore, accept a theory or statement as its face value. He is cautious, inquisitive, critical. His aim is to know the truth and his guide is reason. The gift of reason links with God, even as it isolates him from all other objects of creation.God has bestowed reason on man, who should , therefore, make use of it in all his thoughts and actions. The scientific spirit is the greatest protagonist of reason. Once reason is accepted as the sole guide of man, his outlook is bound to be different in many ways. Unless a thing is tested on the touchstone of reason It cannot be accepted as correct or true.
The Spirit of Science And Modern World Reveals Importance of Science
The worship of reason in Its various aspects raises a number of problems and requires many other virtues. It is one thing to avow one’s adherence to reason, but it is a different matter to put it in to practice. Among other things, it requires singular moral courage and fearlessness. Socrates had to drink hemlock for the sake of his devotion to reason; Galileo paid the price for his convictions by spending a large part of his old age in a dark dungeon. Martin Luther was excommunicated by the Pope for challenging the latter’s decrees. The list of martyrs on the altar of reason is long and illustrious. Scientists in the beginning were regarded as dangerous, irreligious, even atheistical persons, for they dared to probe into even the most sacred truths laid down by religion. Even as late as the 19th century, Charles Darwin aroused a storm of opposition from the Church on account of his theory of evolution which seemed to give the lie to the direct descent of man from God link him with animal forbears.
The Scientific Invention Makes Life Easier Than Before
And yet the greatest gift of science to mankind does not consist in the countless machines and gadgets which we enjoy to-day, but in inculcating in us the worship of reason,leading to the discovery of truth. Fearlessness, curiosity, analysis, experimentation—these comprise the real contribution of science to mankind. In the beginning man was enveloped with ignorance—ignorance about himself, his environments and about nature and its laws. He was unable to save himself even from the ordinary fury of the elements—sun, rain and fire. Slowly he realised the working of natural laws and learnt to protect himself against them .He even succeeded in harnessing the forces of nature for his good. Thus he began to liquidate his ignorance and that in turn gave him enlightenment and power.
The scientific outlook is largely synonymous with rationalism. The use and application of reason coupled with experimentation and inquiry not only promoted the removal of man’s many-sided ignorance and enabled him to rest the secrets of nature and press her forces into the service of man, but it also conferred a more significant boon viz. independent and rational thinking. The essence of man being alive does not lie merely in his physical well-being and the accumulation of ever-improving gadgets to provide for physical needs and comforts.
Science Is The Way of Finding Truth
The poet has reminded us that the old order must change and yield place to new, lest one good custom corrupt the world. Even the best of human customs,institutions and principles grow out of date with the passage of time. But it is not everybody who realises the truth of this proposition. On the contrary, there are people who hark back to the past and refuse to look to the future. It is here that the spirit of science, the torchlight of reason, inquiry and interrogation comes to blaze the track of benighted humanity. Science does not illumine human life only in its diverse laboratories or dazzle us by its countless discoveries and invention: it lights up our hearts, mind and souls. It shields us from obscurantism, conservatism and stagnation. It makes us see things in the proper perspective. It is ruthless in its operation. Nothing is too sacred or certain for its inquiry and investigation.
Religion. philosophy, social codes, political creed—all are exposed to the searchlight scientific spirit. Science reminds us again and again that nothing in this world is perfect, nothing final. Man cannot rest on his achievement; his salvation lies in an eternal, unceasing,curiosity, in inquisitiveness, in his resolve “to follow knowledge like a sinking star.
Science Cannot disgrace The Faith And Belief But Explore The Importance of Science
It is sometimes contended that the scientific outlook is highly fruitful in the sphere of material progress, but is produces pernicious results in the domain of faith and matters of spirit. Faith does mat depend on reason, inquiry or interrogation. It is an intuitive reaction : one’s heart for national justification is forthcoming. Hence the scientific spirit cures at the root of faith. And if faith in the higher things of life, especially in the unknowable Creator is gone, Me becomes a dreary affair. This is a reference to the age-old controversy about science and religion, whether the two are basically antagonistic : each other or not, it must be admitted at once that if region is synonymous with faith in the Divine being and if science destroys this faith, it is undoubtedly an evil factor which should be banished from cor lives. But the fact is that the scientific outlook is not essentially inimical towards either religion or faith; the two are compatible with each other.
Now it will be readily admitted that religion is not always such a simple and pure notion as to be identified only with faith in the Supreme Being. Religion is faith with a lot of extraneous drapery thrown over it And that drapery consists of mythology, legend, dogma, ritual and a host of other elements which have really little or nothing to do with religion as such. The scientific outlook is, therefore, ill at ease in the presence of these extraneous and often irrational factors, but it is in perfect harmony with the essence of religion.
In fact, science does not minimise the wonders of nature or the greatness of Creator; it gives us new eyes and ears to appreciate the miracle of creation. The measure of this understanding and appreciation is of a more intimate and significant character than the pure attitude of blind belief or superstitious laith.An old world Hindu, for instance, looks upon the Himalayas as Kailash, the holy seat of the great Siva. He is content with this poetical fancy; he believes in adoring the Himalayas from a safe distance, but the scientific adventurer does not pay lip homage.
He has the courage and the means to scale its hitherto inaccessible heights and reach the top of the highest peak of the world. True, he does not find Kailash or Siva a physical form but he finds and sees something which convinces him effectively of the greatness of God, of the wonders of the world, the secrets of creation. A visit to Mount Everest does not shake his faith in God: nay it strengthens it tenfold. It is thus that though science probes through mythology and superstition, it does not shatter the quintessence of faith. On the contrary, the scientific spirit makes us more intelligently alive to the highest truths of religion and philosophy.