HISTORY OF THE SCHOOL

Who does not remember his time at school, perhaps you who are reading this are looking for information for a school assignment. We are going to explain to you how the history of the school has been , what were the first ones and what they were like:

To begin, look at what this diary says of a boy who went to school:

“Today I have read and I have done calculus in school, then I have written. Upon my return home, I found my father and explained what I had done. He has been very happy. The next morning I told Mom to give me breakfast because I have to go to school. My mother gave me the muffins and I left the house. Already in front of the school the goalkeeper has scolded me because I was late ”.

Do you know when this diary was written? Five thousand years ago! Even then there were schools, teachers, janitors, lessons and, of course, schoolchildren.

However, there were no pens, no inkwells, no notebooks. Students wrote on a wet clay board. That happened in a distant country in Asia, called Mesopotamia, then inhabited by the Sumerian people. The Sumerian boy’s diary that we have read is real, it was found incised on some tablets of baked and hardened clay, discovered by an archaeologist.

The boys of ancient Rome, in turn, wrote on wax-coated wooden tablets; to write words they made incisions on wood using a pointed awl, called a style.

The Romans also had writing pens (which they plucked from geese) and inks made of various substances, but they did not know paper; they wrote on scrolls, which they obtained by gluing very thin strips obtained from the stem of an Egyptian plant, the papyrus, one next to the other.

Its use already came from Egypt itself, where for millennia the Egyptians wrote on papyrus scrolls using hieroglyphics, a form of writing in which there were no letters but symbolic signs.

Later, people began to write about fine cattle hides: scrolls. As they were expensive materials, they were only used for important documents and for the works of the great writers.

When the invasions of the barbarians took place, the studies continued only in isolated monasteries in high places as if they were fortresses, in which the monks patiently collected ancient texts enriching the scrolls with precious miniatures, that is, letters and figures of small proportions richly decorated. .

Charlemagne, once his empire was in order, ordered the opening of schools for the most intelligent and willing boys.

Currently, boys go to school from 6 years to 14 at least, that is, until they have passed through elementary school (5 years) and lower middle school (3 years). This is more or less what is done in every country in the world.

It is something ordered by law but it is also a right, since the State must face great expenses to facilitate each boy’s attendance at a school.

Many young people continue their studies until they finish high school and then attend university. In every country in the world, nations make great sacrifices to educate young people and combat adult illiteracy.

But what does illiteracy mean? The person who cannot read or write is illiterate, and therefore has difficulties in finding a good job, does not manage to be useful to society in an effective way and therefore is more easily oppressed and exploited because he does not know how to defend himself.

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