Fried rice. It is a very popular component from Chinese cuisine . It has become international since its modification in California by the immigrant coolies who brought as braceros
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- 1 Origin
- 1 Fried rice in Cuba
- 2 fried rice
- 1 Ingredients
- 2 Preparation
- 3 Servings
- 3 Fried Rice II
- 1 Preparation
- 4 Sources
Its origin is Asian and directly from the Chinese, however, the fried is an American hybrid. In China several decades before coolies, true fried rice used only one type of meat and several vegetables (vegetables). Although they added several types (one or two) of what we would call sausages today, of them. And the story begins at the beginning of the XIX century and not in the XVII century with the Manila Galleon
The story tells that when the first coolies (forced Chinese immigrants) arrived in the cities of San Francisco and Los Angeles , in California , they promoted the business of the fondas (cheap restaurants), as a way of life. First it was for their own countrymen, since the culinary customs were different and later for the rest of the population. As always, starting a business is difficult, therefore it was necessary to take advantage of everything and not waste anything invested. From there … fried rice came out, the one we know today, taking advantage of what was cooked and not sold the day before, which is also why the best rice to use is that it has already been cooked and refrigerated before.
On the other hand, the recipe has varied a bit depending on the ingredients, fundamental of the spices used, although the variety of meats defines it. Ginger , Chinese garlic is important , along with rice and soy sauce . Meat can be interchangeably pork – chicken – sausage; sausage – chicken – ham – fish – pork; and add some seafood: shrimp, lobster, clams, crab. In vegetables by importance there are two first ones: leaves and stems of Swiss Chard and Chives , from then on almost anybody can add them.
The explanation is that the sautéed rice is not the fried rice, the difference is stowed not only in the incorporation of the vegetables and the ” Chinese Beans “, but in “How” and the way they are cut and also the meats that are used. These ingredients must be cut into strips (Juliana medium or thin) to comply with Chinese customs (use the sticks) and not into pieces or squares. And this is really the real difference between stir-fried rice and true fried rice
Fried rice in Cuba
Returning to the coolies and their entry into Havana , around the year 1850 , it is proposed that their settlements along the Zanja Real , today Calle Zanja and axis of the current Chinatown in the Capital, conditioned part of the agriculture of that era. Also along the current Calzada de San Miguel del Padrón and the current Diezmero . Well, it is assumed that they not only brought rice as their maximum consumption crop, but also the rest of the vegetables, vegetables and some fruits. But above all because they brought us a new way of cooking and consuming new dishes to our almost incipient Creole idiosyncrasy.
With respect to these coolies, whose entrance was precisely as braceros for agriculture, they not only settled in the old Province of Havana, but had settlements in other parts of the Island of Cuba . The province of Matanzas was another of the areas of large settlements of them. Specifically in the city of Cárdenas , and in this case they were inserted in the works of the Cárdenas Railway . They arrived just to join the works of the Cárdenas line to the Corral de Soledad de Bemba (current Jovellanos ), specifically after the uprising of the slaves who worked on it on March 27 , 1843.
Some things and certain excesses against these same coolies determined, in 1876 to Cárdenas, the visit of the Extraordinary Ambassador of the Emperor of China , the Mandarin First Class Chin – Lan – Pin, special envoy who was recommended by the governments of the United States , England , Germany and France . Housed in a local hotel, along with his nine interpreters and servers, and from whose balcony he made a harangue in Chinese to the nearly 500 countrymen gathered there. For 5 days he was hosted receiving complaints or statements from subjects; which included in addition to those of Cárdenas the settlers of Colón and Macurijes. Upon leaving the city, he left the Chinese Solís, owner of the “Gratitud” sugar mill, as Chinese Consul in Cárdenas.
The Cuban developed his particular taste for fried rice almost together with his Wars of Independence. And this was not only because many of the countrymen swelled the ranks of the Liberation Army and generous blood of Heroes spread our fields. It is also that the Chinese inns along with the washing trains swelled our city communities long before they began in 1868 .