It is very essential for English teacher to know the problems in teaching English and the Solutions for it. Some teachers are born teachers; they have the ability and the wish to transfer knowledge or skills to others, and they have the sympathy and patience to do this. We all know teachers who are experts on a subject, but faces problems in teaching it, because of heterogeneous grouping, over-crowding in class-rooms, too much of correction work, wrong habits picked up at earlier stages, non-availability of adequate material for teaching, adherence to a set and stereotyped syllabus, preparing students for certain examinations etc. There are also problems of class room teaching like teaching of different aspects of language, teaching spelling, correction of errors of various kinds, problems of individualized instruction, assignments, and the like. Each teacher has his own problem; no two teachers may have exactly the same number of problems though in some respects they may have similar problems. Under any situation, a teacher is the best judge to take stock of all his problems and to find out their solutions.
How to overcome the Problems in Teaching English And the Solutions
There are different ways of overcoming a problem. Therefore, attempts must be made to organize conferences, seminars, workshops of English teachers. It will help to overcome many of the problems. On such occasions people come from different situations and exchange experiences on problems which are of vital concern to all of them. They discuss their common problems and learn a great deal from one another. Such opportunities should always be welcomed as they afford useful chances for exchange of experiences.
Understand the particular Situation
To over-come the problems discussed above, the teacher should develop an attitude of experimentation. He should try to understand the situation and try to help the students accordingly. At present situations are changing very rapidly. In such changed and changing situations a rigid adherence to a set procedure would bring only frustration, failure, and disappointment. The teacher of English will always keep in mind this, phenomenon of change and adopt an experimental attitude to maintain his practices in keeping with the challenging demands of the new situations.
Motivation is the key to success:
Students learn better when they have a strong motivation to learn than when they have none. The best motivation the teacher can give them is a sense of success; if the students feel that they are really learning the language successfully, and that what they are learning is really useful [i.e., that it is enabling them to communicate on’ interesting, relevant topics in the target language) they will be encouraged to learn more and more. If, on the other hand, the lessons in the class are dreary and artificial and seem to have little connection with real life, the students will soon lose interest and motivation.
Manage group Work:
Group work, in which pupils work together in groups, makes things easier. One can have students of same ability in a group; or one can have groups of mixed ability, with one good pupil as the leader and “tutor” of each. As we know, some people are born teachers, who have the desire and the ability to pass knowledge and skills on successfully. But even a person who is not a born teacher can improve a lot by learning to smile, to be enthusiastic and patient, and to be constantly looking for new ways of getting his message across to his pupils.
Encourage them for learning:
A good teacher tries to encourage his pupils to talk, read and write. To encourage them he tries to make their work as relevant to real-life needs and as close to interesting communication as he can; and he shows that he is interested in what his pupils say and write.
Be A Role model:
The English teachers should be good models for their students. They should speak with as good an accent as they can, and say every-thing clearly and speak naturally. They should write neatly and efficiently, and use the black-board tidily.
Teachers whose own command of English is very good need to learn to speak in simple English to be understood by their pupils. This is not at all easy. It is particularly tempting for a teacher who loves literature to indulge in flowery words and bombastic phrases. This is pure self-indulgence, and useless for the pupils.
Never criticize the students:
The teacher should never discourage pupils by giving them work who is too much difficult for them and then criticizing them for not being able to do it. He should remember that, success is one of the best incentives to further effort. On the other hand, the good teacher will always stretch his pupils’ brains by giving them work which is difficult enough to present a challenge, otherwise pupils will become bored.
Do creative things in classroom:
An English teacher can develop competency as an artist in human affairs only when he
- (i) creates learning situation (ii)
- motivates the children to learn
- (iii) arranges for conditions whereby the growth of the child’s mind and body takes place
- (iv) utilizes the play and imitation urges of the children to encourage them to learn
- (v) turns the children into creative things
- (vi) inspires them with the nobility of thoughts, feelings and actions
- (vii) makes them self-reliant, and resourceful and (viii) helps them to be what they want to be.