Eugenia brasiliensis . Also called Grumichama or Brazilian cherry , it is a small tree that can reach 6 to 10 meters tall. It belongs to the Mirtáceas family and hails from Brazil . It has a cherry-like fruit. Its wood is highly prized and its tannin-rich bark is used in tannery.
[ hide ]
- 1 Description
- 2 Multiplication
- 3 Uses
- 4 Synonymy
- 5 Sources
Its leaves , large and oval, 8 to 12 cm long by 5 to 6 cm wide, lustrous green on the upper side. When young they have a reddish coloration. Its flowers are small and white. Its fruits are globose, from 1 to 2.5 cm in diameter which hang from long and thin peduncles; they are red-purple to black-purple, with 4 persistent green sepals at the apex as a crown. The epicarp is thin and delicate; the pulp is white, edible, with a pleasant and sweet flavor; it has 1 to 3 (sometimes more) rounded, hemispherical or angular seeds . The fruits are usually ripe, more or less, one month after flowering. Its fruits are exquisite. It can be used as an ornamental in gardens and parks.
It is propagated by seed . It presents slow growth during the first year. It bears fruit after 4 or 5 years of sowing. It is not demanding on the type of soil, although it prefers somewhat acidic and rich in humus , it likes water all year round, so for its cultivation care must be taken to avoid dry periods. It develops well in warm climates in full sun or with partial shade.
It is consumed fresh. It is also used to make desserts, soft drinks, jams, etc. For medicinal uses, its bark and leaves have aromatic, astringent, diuretic, antirheumatic properties, as well as being rich in vitamin C.