Child trafficking is the enrollment, purchase, receiving, handing or sheltering of a child for the purpose of exploitation. Various forms of child trafficking include child labor, early marriage, sexual assault. The victims of child trafficking are constantly exploited and they live in unsafe and unsolicited conditions deprived of family environment and love .
Essay on child trafficking, 200 words:
Child trafficking is the act of illegally hiring or selling, transporting, receiving or sheltering children for any form of exploitation. Children are abducted, worked as bonded laborers or forced to marry early. Victims are recruited to manufacture drugs and weapons.
A large number of children are victims of forced labor, begging and sexual exploitation. Innocent children, boys and girls are exposed to vulnerable situations, violence and sexual abuse. It is a violation of human rights and children are deprived. It disrupts the mental and physical capacity of the child which is primary for the development of every child.
Children lose their childhood due to the practice of child trafficking. Children are robbed of them, irrespective of their basic rights, economic status, caste or gender. Traffickers are aware of the fact that children have less developed mental ability to understand wrong and right and are able to reduce their trauma than adults.
Thus, they are an easy target. This practice deprives the child of proper development with love and family care. He is exposed to violence, abuse and traumatic situations. There is a need to make people aware and educated about child trafficking. There should be appropriate laws to prevent child trafficking and these laws should be implemented effectively.
Essay on child trafficking, 300 words:
Child trafficking is the search for a child for exploitation. Thousands of children are trafficked every year from rural, tribal and urban areas in India. Victims are bought and sold like commodities.
Different stages of child trafficking
Recruitment: Recruitment takes place in various ways. It can be voluntary if a child wants to support his family’s poor economic condition. Children can be kidnapped or sold for direct recruitment.
Traffic: There may be movement at local, regional, national or international levels through various modes of transport.
Exploitation: After transferring the victim to the final destination, the traffickers exploit them in many ways for child labor, sexual assault, begging, or making them domestic slaves, etc.
Child Trafficking: Supply and Demand
Supplies: Those who are smuggled create supplies. Various supply factors are poverty, natural disaster, unemployment , domestic violence etc.
Demand: There is a demand for smugglers and those who benefit from child abuse. The most common demand factors are migration, demand for cheap labor, organ trade, sex tourism, brothels, organized crime etc.
Child Trafficking in India:
Child trafficking is the fastest growing and third largest organized crime in India. According to UNICEF, 12.6 million children are engaged in unsafe occupations. According to the NHRC of India, 40,000 children are added each year, of which 11,000 are untrained. According to The Global Slavery Index, the current figure of slaves in India is 18.3 million. One child goes missing every 8 minutes in India.
Child trafficking is a rapidly growing network and has to be stopped. The government has to work with the help of NGOs to develop, evaluate and implement laws and provisions to prevent crime. The oppressed should be punished instead of the exploited. Creating awareness and educating people is important. We should stop supporting the act by avoiding donating to beggars on the street as it gives more impetus to crime.
Essay on child trafficking, Essay on child trafficking in hindi (400 words)
Child trafficking is the illegal activity of acquiring or transferring people under 18 to exploitation. Traffickers apply new methods every day to trick children and pull them away from home and sell them for a fixed amount or force them to labor, sex and other illegal activities.
The various forms of child trafficking include child labor, early marriage, sexual assault, begging and organ trade etc. They are happily isolated and constantly tortured.
Effects of Child Trafficking:
Let’s take a look at the effects of child trafficking in detail:
Isolation: Trafficked children are driven away from the family environment and are shoved away by parents from the shield of love, care, and safety. They have to work in dangerous conditions and are exploited in many ways. Child trafficking is child abuse and has a breaking and traumatic effect on a child. There is no one who can turn into such trauma.
Education: Most of the children trafficked are from poor and uneducated families where the children support their family for income, they rarely go to school. Such children are tricked by fraudsters in the greed of high wages and transported to other locations or sold for a small amount of money to work in industries for cheap wages.
Young girls are forced into prostitution and the work environment in sexual organizations is such that inhibits the mental growth of the child. Girls are sexually harassed and are not encouraged for education.
Physical health: Child trafficking victims experience inhuman living, poor diet and hygiene, physical abuse and beating and are denied the right to basic health care. Some of them are used for organ trade, others are injured at the workplace.
Sexual abuse of children carries the risk of unwanted pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases, infections and miscarriages. Some children are put on acid to blind them for begging as they make more money. In such working conditions the lives of the victims are always in danger.
Behavior: There are signs of adverse behavior in victims of child trafficking. Their voices stop and the heart is injured which affects their relationship with others. Some can isolate themselves and cause harm and pain to themselves physically.
They may have panic and anxiety attacks. Some people can also excuse the reality by taking drugs and alcohol. Victims may lose interest in life and may try to run away or commit suicide.
Psychology can play an important role in healing and improving the mental health of victims. The victims undergo appropriate treatment procedures in rehabilitation centers. Victims once rescued must be nurtured by communities with love and care. Victims should be reunited with their families.
The consequences of child trafficking are terrible. Improvement and implementation of prevention programs is important. Creating awareness and educating people is important. Creating different strategies and implementing them to eliminate child trafficking groups and criminals should be a continuous effort by the government with the help of society.
Essay on child trafficking, 500 words:
Child trafficking is a heart-breaking truth especially in India. The major causes of child trafficking in India are lack of education, poor functioning of law, unemployment and poverty. Despite poverty and lack of food, affected by the birth of children in society, parents often sell their children more profitably than they nurture. Smugglers kidnap or deceive other children for employment or have to work as bonded laborers to pay off family debts.
Reasons for Child Trafficking:
Let’s have a look at some important reasons:
Girls as Purpose of Desire: Girls are often seen as objects of desire and demand of customers for young girls in prostitution, resulting in female children being bought and sold for the purpose of prostitution and sexual exploitation.
Unemployment: Unemployment rate in India is high, due to which financial opportunities are less. Children are obliged to work to support family needs or under pressure from family members. They are often tricked into work and subjected to slavery, begging and sexual exploitation.
Children in rural areas in poor condition are smuggling cities for employment in industries such as spinning mills, hotels, restaurants, and at all with little or no pay. They are often physically and mentally abused by employers and have to work in dangerous conditions.
Bonded Labor: Bonded labor is also known as debt labor. Some parents sell their children as bonded wages for cash or are tied to debt to force their children to work as bonded laborers. Children are forced to work as bonded laborers or to do domestic work to pay off the family debt.
Lack of education and awareness : Lack of education is the major reason for lack of awareness that leads families to surrender to smugglers. Millions of children are born every year without any birth registration, making it impossible to track any system. These children become easy targets for child smugglers.
Poor functioning of laws: Child trafficking in India has also increased due to poor functioning of the law. Child smugglers are at low risk as no serious action has been taken against them.
Natural disasters: Natural disasters like earthquakes or floods in a particular state or city are the times when smugglers are attracted. Smugglers can act as relief workers and trick children by giving them food, work or shelter. They exploit children in a very vulnerable state. Children lost to their families in natural disasters are forced or forced by smugglers to make uncertain decisions.
Child marriage: Many girls are forced by families or sold by smugglers for child marriages. In most cases, the status of girls in early marriages is similar to that of slaves. They are physically and mentally abused.
There are several constitutional and legislative provisions in India like, Child Marriage Prohibition Act, 2006, Bonded Labor System Act 1986, Child Labor Act 1986, Transplantation of Human Organs Act 1994, Immoral Traffic Act 1956. There is a need for proper implementation of the provisions with the help of government and NGOs to eliminate root causes.
Essay on child trafficking, Essay on child trafficking in hindi (600 words)
The illegal act of forcibly acquiring or transferring children for the purpose of labor or sexual exploitation is known as child trafficking.
Children are denied the family environment and forced to work in areas where working conditions and employers’ attitudes towards them violate children’s human rights and freedoms. Children are used for illegal activities such as prostitution, begging, picketing, drug couplings, early marriage and organ transplants. The work environment is dangerous and harmful to the mental and physical health of the child.
Types of Child Trafficking:
Child trafficking is classified into various categories. Here is a detailed look at some types of child trafficking:
- Domestic slave
- child labour
- bonded labor
- sexual abuse
- illegal activities
- Organ smuggling
- child soldiers
- Domestic slave
Children and their families in rural areas are often lured by high wages in cities. In fact children are sold for some amount and are forced to work as house help without any wages. In most child marriages, young women are exploited as domestic slaves and sexually assaulted. Such crimes are rarely encountered because they occur in private homes.
Children from rural areas often migrate or suffer for employment in industries such as hotels or restaurants, construction industry, spinning mills etc. Physical and mental abuse of victims also occurs. They are forced to work under threatening conditions with little or no wages.
Bonded laborers are laborers who are forced to pay the debts of the family. Parents sell their children when they are unable to give loans. Also due to poverty and lack of basic resources, children are sold in certain amount.
Sexual abuse is the bitter reality of rural and urban areas of India. Young women are trafficked and forced to work as prostitutes. Children are also commercially exploited for the exchange of drugs, food, shelter, etc. Pregnancy, HIV, STD and even deaths faced by these victims are common.
Children are trafficked for illegal activities such as begging and organ trade because they are more sympathetic to vulnerable people. In some unfortunate circumstances, their body parts are damaged or cut off by criminals as they make more money injured.
Trafficking for organs:
The demand for organs is more than the supply. This leads to illegal trade in organs and smuggling. Organisms such as eyes and kidneys are especially in high demand. There are criminal groups that exploit children for personal gain. Child organ trafficking is the deepest truth in today’s world.
Many children under the age of 18 are trafficked and are being exploited as child soldiers. Other children are also forced to work as guards, cooks, servants, etc. Children are forced to work hard as a result of being deprived of their family’s childhood, love and care.
Society and government need to focus on prevention, prosecution and protection of trafficking. The government should adopt appropriate measures to prevent serious child trafficking. Creating awareness in society is to educate and inform people and to make victims of child trafficking acquainted with the causes and effects of various forms of child trafficking.
The government needs to redefine laws and ensure that laws are implemented efficiently. The government needs to make sustained efforts with the help of NGOs and society to eradicate all forms of child trafficking. Serious action needs to be taken against the trafficking chain and all those involved in the crime need to be punished by law.