Dadaist or Dada art was born in 1916 and is a cultural and artistic movement that arises with the intention of breaking with the systems, codes and other elements established in the art world. That is why it is considered as an anti-artistic, anti-poetic and anti-literary movement that begins to investigate and question the existence of art and its objective, especially poetry, literature and art.
The Dada movement goes against the eternity of values and principles, permanent beauty, the immobility of thoughts, among other elements, which is why it seeks to promote the complete freedom of each one of the human beings, seeking spontaneity, contradiction of the fixed and chaos against everything that is determined.
Main characteristics of the Dada movement
These are the most important characteristics of Dada art
-It is manifested through a rejection of tradition and the established
-It seeks to promote imperfection before perfection and chaos in order
-It mocks the bourgeoisie from the artistic point of view
-They show an inclination towards rebellion, destruction and death
-They have an intention that goes against other currents such as expressionism, futurism, abstractionism, modernism and cubism
-It is revealed against the conventions applied to literature and poetry
-It is mainly based on the absurd and what apparently has no real value
-His works contain: chaos, breaking of traditional forms, waste objects, imperfections, etc.
Dadaism is born
The Dada movement was born in the year 1916 where poetry recitals were booming in Zurich, on the European continent, which had only recently appeared as a result of the First World War, where a willing refuge had been organized for emigrants who came from the rest of the world. continent and who wanted to escape the war. It was then when French expressionism, futurism and cubism joined with representatives of these schools to become a rebellious movement that questioned the concepts implemented before the war appeared.
This is how the theater director Hugo Ball in the company of his wife, have the idea of creating a literary cafe that would become a meeting point for the exiled artists who arrived, which opened its doors on February 1, 1916 Artists like Jean Arp, Tristan Tzara, Richard Huelsenbeck, Richter, among others, arrived. Later its diffusion began with the publication in one of the magazines of the time, the Dada magazine, which spread the news to other parts of the continent and the world, when it arrived in New York.
Artistic fields of Dadaism
The Dadaism was active as a movement in various artistic fields, among which are:
The painting of the Dadaist movement was one of the fields that most stood out among the public, which had the solid intention of creating a reaction in them and perplexing their faces with the observation of each painting.
-The traditional techniques that painting had then are eliminated
-The forms until then explored are set aside for Dadaist painting
-They are especially inclined to the use of collages using various materials in them, such as newspapers, fabrics, paper, wood, etc.
-Initiate the use of everyday materials and objects to present them as fully artistic and meaningful items
-Implements and incorporates unusual materials in the artistic field until then
Da Daista sculpture
The figures made from sculpture were characterized because their actions and training were intended to make fun of their usefulness, highlighting humor, as well as making their goal within society ironic. Contrary to other areas, sculpture approaches a way of life and is based on anarchism.
-One of the factors for which this artistic movement stands out the most is in its iconoclastic attitude that is present in all the arts, since in the case of sculpture it is no different either as it is in search of new typologies.
– Frequently use collage containing debris and rubbish things and objects creating sculptures apparently in bad taste.
-It seeks to generate a reaction from the viewer in each of his works but that it lacks visual indifference.
-It remains in a completely free topography freely choosing the location of the next piece leaving the order
-It is the author who decides if the work becomes a work of art or on the contrary, it is not
-The most important thing in a sculpture work in Dadaism is the artist’s intention and the idea that the sculptor wants to print
For its part, the poetry of Dadaism begins to lean towards the area of surrealism, so it begins to implement languages that seem to have no limits in its intention, where different basic resources are used for its creation.