Can’t find someone who doesn’t like Guara. Due to its beautiful color, luscious flavor, bitter taste and sweetness, everyone from small to big is very fond of fruits. Not only is taste unique but it has many qualities. The amount of vitamin C in guava is so high that it is called the vitamin C bank. One of the most popular fruits of our country. Its scientific name is Psidium guajava . Guava is produced everywhere in Bangladesh. However, Barisal, Pirojpur, Jhalakathi, Dhaka, Gazipur, Chittagong, Rangamati, Khagrachari, Brahmanbaria districts are notable.
|Energy element||The amount of energy per 1 gram|
|Aquatic parts||1.5 grams|
|Digestible fiber||1.2 grams|
|Vitamin C||25 mg|
|Vitamin B3||1.25 mg|
|Vitamin B2||5.5 mg|
|Food power||৫১ Kilocalories|
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Guava is a very simple and readily available fruit with no end to its quality. Pea is known as the apple of the Egyptian region for its many qualities.
- To prevent heart disease
Guava has a positive effect on heart health by maintaining the balance of potassium and sodium in the body which regulates your blood pressure, protects the heart by reducing bad cholesterol. Especially lycopene-rich pink guava reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease.
- Increases the light of the eye
Guava is a high source of vitamin A and C that improves your eye health and prevents the deterioration of your vision.
- Prevents cancer
Guava contains quercetin, lycopene, vitamin C and many other polyphenols that inhibit the production of cancer cells. Mainly helps prevent breast cancer and prostate cancer.
- Helps the diarrhea
Peoria contains about 12% of the fiber that helps with the maturation process.
- Controls diabetes
People with diabetes should include guava in their diet list to control blood sugar levels. It is a fiber-rich and low glycemic index that prevents diabetes. Guava leaves are also effective in preventing diabetes. Cucumber guava leaves dry and finely powdered in 4 cups of hot water, covered with 1 teaspoon for 5 minutes, and then take a small drink daily.
- In the skin care
It has antioxidant and antimicrobial properties that prevent skin infections and skin aging.
- Helps prevent disease
Guava is a high vitamin C rich fruit. A guava contains 5 times more vitamin C than a medium-sized orange that helps boost your immunity. Vitamin C produces antibodies that protect the body from fighting any external infection.
- To eliminate the problem of cold
Helps prevent various cold problems such as bronchitis. Because of the high amount of iron and vitamin C, it reduces mucus. However, raw guava is effective in alleviating the cold.
- To control blood pressure
Guinea plays an important role in controlling blood pressure. Its potassium helps reduce blood pressure.
- Treating menstrual pain
Many women have menstrual cramps. As a result, many people take painkillers. But by the time chewing the leaves of the guava or drinking the juice, menstrual cramps can be cured quickly.
- Cure stomach ailments
Pea leaves and bark work well to cure cholera, gums and other stomach diseases.
- Wound or wound
Benefits are given by placing the wound on the wound or wounding the leaf.
- Cure toothache
Chewing gum leaves leaves relieve toothache.
Mainly eaten as fresh fruit. Whole fruit is used as dessert, sorbet, cake, fruit salad. Besides, jam, jelly, juice are made from guava through processing.
The fruits produced by Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur are Kazi Peyara, Bari Peyara-2, Bari Peyara-1, Bari Peyara-1. The results of the invention from Bangladesh Agricultural University (Vocabulary) are: Bau Peara-1, 2, 3, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9. Ipsapaya is a fruit produced from Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University. Along with these inventions, other popular varieties of Payara are: Kanchannagar, Mukundpuri and Swarupkathi.
High-yielding varieties, fruits slightly talk and seeds are quite strong. It weighs about 3-5 grams.
Bari Peara – II
High yielding varieties. It can be cultivated everywhere. The varieties produce 2 times the rainy season and winter. It weighs about 3-5 grams.
Fruit gut smooth, full-bodied yellow-green, red-shelled, medium to seed. It weighs about 5 grams.
Seedless, bitter and sweet to eat. This type of guava has a lower incidence of pathogens and insects. It weighs about 25 grams.
Read more: Perennial mango cultivation in rooftops
Guava perennial fruit. Therefore, guava can be planted at any time of the year. However, it is possible to get pear yield at certain times of the year. During the monsoon, the yield of the guava is higher as the price of the guava is much lower than in other times. For the cultivation of Thai pear, like other varieties of guava, it is necessary to plant saplings in the middle to mid-Ashwin.
You can plant guava in a medium sized pot in the house where direct sunlight is located. This plant requires well-drained soil, but it also grows in different types of soil. The garden soil must be mixed with sand and good compost when planting guava plants in tubs or containers.
Made of clay
Sandy loam soil is good for Thai guava cultivation. To plant Thai guava plants 2% soil with 3% cow dung and 3-5 grams teas. SP, 3-5 grams potash fertilizers mixed with water in a container, soaked in water and left for 8-12 days. Then the soil should be vacated and kept back for 3-5 days. If the soil is shaky then seed or seedlings should be planted.
Read more: Cultivation of couch vegetables in the roof garden
Guava tree planting method
From the seeds
- If you want to plant by seed, it will take about 3 to 5 years for the fruit to grow from this plant.
- To plant the seeds, first buy good quality seeds from the nursery shop. Soak the water for 3 to 5 days before planting the seeds. The seeds will germinate as a result.
- Then sow seeds in small containers by taking fertilizers mixed with soil in a small container. Lightly sprinkle water to maintain moisture.
- Now cover it with plastic sheets. Then place it in a place where there is enough sunlight. The guava seeds germinate at a temperature of 25 to 4 degrees Celsius.
After about 3-5 weeks the seedlings will be produced from seed. If the plants are mature enough, you need to move them to another large container. If you want, you can buy grafting plants directly from the nursery.
From the sapling tree
Thai guava trees are very attractive to look at. Its leaves and flowers are both lightly aromatic and attractive. The trees are up to 12 feet tall. So, the roots of the Thai guava tree require a much larger pot to grow and add at least a 12-inch container to provide enough space. Before planting, make enough drained soil in the container, select the pot that drains excess water easily. Plant a self-pollinating type of plant with a quality putting mix with compost, sand and soil mixed into your pot . Give the plants a little water later because this tree likes moisture. Place the pot in a sunny place. Keep it in a place so the sun gets at least six hours of light.
Thai guava tree care
Water needs to be watered regularly. The soil should be at least 2-5 inches wet. The flowers and fruits may fall prematurely due to lack of moisture in the soil. Climate It is planted in a humid and dry climate. It is the fruit available in both seasons. Temperatures of 25 degrees or higher are good for Thai guava.
If desired, you can prune if you want to keep the angle around. This is basically pruning to give the tree a nice shape but will not affect the yield of the fruit.
The plants need fertilizer once every month. And if you give organic fertilizer to the tree, you can get a good result. Regular compost can also yield good results. Collection: When the guava is green to light yellow, it has to be collected However, it is important not to over-feed the guava in the tree as the insects or birds can be eaten.
If properly cared for, an adult tree yields 3 to 5 kg in summer and 3 to 5 kg in autumn.