The high degree of Criminal Threats in public life disrupts the normal life of the city.It causes serious damage to the economy, inhibits changes in the social sphere.
The main criminal threats include:
- aggravation of the criminal situation, increase in the number of crimes committed against citizens and their property;
- increasing the public danger of crimes committed by organized criminal groups, primarily those with corruption ties with representatives of government and administration, as well as in law enforcement agencies;
- continuing activities of criminal communities and groups;
- the desire of ordinary and organized crime to establish close ties with representatives of public authorities, to involve them in criminal activities;
- the influence of criminal structures on the pricing process, especially in the field of trade in food, drugs and other essential goods;
- growth in the structure of the committed crimes of fraud, illicit drug trafficking, raiding, corruption, kidnapping;
- an increase in the number of crimes in the sphere of illicit trafficking and drug use, as well as perpetrated on the grounds of inter-ethnic and interfaith hostility.
The main preconditions that exacerbate the emergence of a criminal threat are:
- imperfection of legislation regulating economic, property and financial relations of legal entities and individuals;
- low social security and material and technical security of law enforcement officers;
- insufficient level of professional training of law enforcement officers in the fight against organized crime;
- segregation of spheres of influence among various criminal structures;
- an excessive number of citizens who are not engaged in socially useful work and who do not have the means to live immigrants from the countries of near and far abroad, including those who are in the country illegally;
- strengthening uncontrolled, including illegal, migration, the emergence of international criminal communities;
- weak detection of contract killings.
The implementation of these threats can lead to:
- to the emergence of an atmosphere of fear and uncertainty in society;
- causing serious damage to the city budget and city property;
- causing substantial damage to property, life and health of citizens;
- increasing the influence of criminal authorities in the city;
- the emergence and development of citizens’ distrust of federal and city government bodies, their policies in the fight against crime;
- paralysis of economic transformations, disruption of a number of city targeted programs aimed at improving the lives of citizens;
- depreciation of democratic gains.
Municipal and housing threats
Ensuring the efficiency and reliability of the life support systems of the city, utilities is one of the most important conditions for the safe living of citizens.
The main threats to the household and housing character include:
- the continuing potential for accidents on utilities and energy sources;
- lack of capacity of heat supply facilities in certain areas of cities;
- congestion of the main sewerage engineering networks and filtration fields;
- the incompleteness of the transition to new safe technologies for the treatment of drinking water, street cleaning, recycling of industrial and household waste, energy-saving, low-waste technologies, the use of materials, raw materials and products containing environmentally harmful substances;
- decrease in the availability of public services for the population due to the increase in their cost (baths, laundries, dry cleaners, etc.);
- the continuing threat of leaks in the heat and water supply networks, leading to soil leaching and the formation of failures;
- shortage of industrial processing facilities for solid household waste in some districts (districts) of cities;
- aging of the housing stock, as well as urban engineering infrastructure.
The main preconditions that exacerbate the emergence of threats of public and residential nature are:
- weakening of the material and technical base of housing and utility supplies due to the low solvency of the population;
- aging and wear of gas, water, heat and other engineering networks and facilities;
- shallowing of sources of drinking water supply;
- insufficient number of backup and emergency sources of water and heat supply;
- impossibility to use alternative energy resources (wind, solar, geothermal energy, etc.).
The implementation of these threats can lead to:
- to a sharp increase in accidents on the municipal energy networks of the city;
- disruption of the vital activity of the population and the functioning of the city economy;
- deterioration of the sanitary and epidemiological situation, increase in the level of infectious diseases;
- reduce the level of livelihoods of the population during natural emergencies caused by severe frosts, precipitation, drought, etc .;
- creating an unstable social environment