This article will provide an explanation of the meaning, structure, characteristics, and examples of complex procedure texts . What is meant by the text of the type of complex procedure will be explained here?
Even how the structure of complex procedure texts will also be explained. The explanation here will not be complete without an example. The explanation below will be accompanied by an example, to make it easier for you to understand.
Understanding Complex Procedure Texts
Complex procedure text is a text that has a specific purpose to be achieved, where in the text there are stages and steps that must be achieved by the reader.
In addition, in the text of a complex procedure there is information – a statement that shows the complexity of the explanation. The materials used can also be found in complex procedure texts.
Such is the understanding of complex procedure texts. Then, what is the structure of the complex procedure text. This will be explained in the following discussion.
Structure of a Complex Procedure Text
This section will explain the structure of complex procedure texts. The structure is as follows.
- The purpose here is interpreted as the intention or will to be achieved by the author.
- This section is an arrangement of procedures in order to achieve the desired goals.
- This section contains materials and tools used to facilitate the achievement of objectives.
The structure must be contained in a complex procedure text. Because the text of the complex procedure provides a description of the steps an action must be taken by the reader. The following discussion will provide an explanation of the linguistic characteristics of complex procedural texts. Please note carefully.
Characteristics of Complex Text Procedures
There are several linguistic features from complex procedure texts. These characteristics can be explained as follows.
- Use participants in general. The participants referred to here are all individuals who are involved or who participate or who take part or who take part in an activity carried out. Participants involved here are humans. Examples: students, teachers, and parents.
- Using two verbs, material verb and behavior verb. The intended material verb is related to the physical actions of an event. Whereas the verb of behavior intended here relates to the attitude expressed in an expression. Examples of material verbs are grabs. While examples of behavioral verbs are blocking and accepting.
- Using temporal conjunctions that are guided by the order of time. Use of temporal conjunctions, such as using the first, fourth and eleventh words.
- Using cohesion or referral. Cohesion or reference is a word used in a sentence that can indicate the function of the subject or object. Characteristics possessed by cohesion of referral, generally manifests the pronouns he, you, me, and that.
- The sentences used contain imperative, declarative, and interrogative sentences. Each of these sentences can be explained as follows.
The imperative sentence is a sentence that contains the command to do an action.
Declarative sentence is a sentence that talks about giving something to the listener or reader.
Interrogative sentence is a sentence that contains questions.
So that our understanding of complex procedural texts is clearer, there is no harm in the form of examples. Without the use of examples, surely we can only imagine about how the concrete form of the text of complex procedures. The following discussion will show examples of complex procedural texts. Please note carefully.
Also read: Exposition Text: Definition, Objectives, Characteristics, Development Pattern, and Preparation Steps
Examples of Complex Procedure Texts
The following will explain one example of a complex procedure text. The example here will explain the procedure for patching a tire.
Patching a tire means repairing a leaky tire caused by nails or needles when passing through a road. The steps that must be taken in patching a leaky tire, for example on the front bicycle wheel, are as follows.
- First, release the bicycle tire by using a lever and a wrench to release the nut in the bicycle tire. Then, release the brake and move the brake pads out so that the tire can be removed.
- Second, take the lever to release the tire, to take the inner tire. The lever is used to pry the tire so that the inner tube can be removed. At this stage, care must be taken not to tear the inner tube, so as not to cause damage.
- Third, find the part or location that causes leakage in the tire by pumping the inner tube. Then, listen to the sound of the wind coming out of the tire or by feeling the air coming out of the tire. In addition, you can also dip the tire into the water in a bucket, if you later appear water bubbles, it means that the part is leaking.
- Fourth, give a sign on the leaky tire, because usually a leaky hole, small in size. We can use chalk to give a sign, making it easier to search.
- Fifth, after knowing the location of the leak, check carefully the objects that are still left behind, causing a leak. This is intended so as not to cause leakage in other places.
- Sixth, sand the parts around the hole. The sandpaper should be as wide as the size when we will provide patches. The purpose of this sandpaper is that the patches can stick firmly.
- Seventh, put patches in the sanded section earlier. Patching by using glue so that it does not leak again, in the hollow section. Before applying with patches, the glue that is placed around the hole, you should wait a while until it is rather dry. It was only after the glue had dried somewhat, the patches attached, then held and pressed for several minutes.
- Eighth, after the tire is patched using a patch. Then use the tool used to burn the patched tire earlier. The goal is that the patch can be attached with a durable. Usually this tool is shaped like a stove, where we use methylus to burn parts of a tire that has leaked over a fire that has been given a reason. Then, on top of the tire is given pressure, so that the tire patches become stronger.
- Ninth, the tires are burned for ± 20 minutes. Then the fire is turned off, and the tire is removed from the tool which is shaped like a combustion.
- Tenth, check the results of the patch. Then if it’s good and nothing is broken, the tire is put back on the bicycle.
- Eleventh, after the tire is mounted on the bicycle, then the wind is added, so that the bicycle tire can return to normal and can be used by the rider again.
The procedure on how to patch a tire above is an example of a complex procedure text. Where the steps are explained in a coherent manner so that readers can follow to apply in everyday life. Whereas for other examples can be seen in the article procedure text example. Hopefully the presence of this article helps you in understanding about complex procedural texts.