What is the Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB)

You must have heard about the Citizenship Amendment Bill, but do you know what this Citizenship Amendment Bill is? If not, then let us know about it in detail today, what is the Citizenship Amendment Bill? Citizenship Amendment Bill – What is CAB?

The citizenship amendment bill has been passed in Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha. Describing it as anti-constitutional, there has been a lot of controversy for this across the country.

In such a situation, it is very important for you to know what is this citizenship law and what will be the changes after its implementation and on which basis people will be given citizenship.

Let’s know, what is Citizen Amendment Bill kya hai, CAB kya hai, Citizen Amendment Bill, what changes will it make in Citizenship Law?

Table of Contents


What is a citizenship amendment bill? What is Citizenship Amendment Bill in Hindi

The Citizenship Amendment Bill is a bill designed to change the provisions of the Citizenship Act 1955.

CAB is its short name, whose full form is C itizenship A mendment B ill, which is called the Citizenship Amendment Bill in Hindi. This is the new citizenship law.

This will make it easier for Hindus from Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan as well as Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians (non-Muslims) to gain Indian citizenship without valid documents.

The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2016 was introduced in the Lok Sabha on 19 July 2016. On 12 August 2016, it was referred to the Joint Parliamentary Committee. The committee gave its report on this in January 2019 this year.

Subsequently, on 9 December 2019, the Bill was again introduced in the Lok Sabha, where it was passed late night by voice. Despite strong opposition, the Citizenship Amendment Bill was also passed by the government from the Rajya Sabha on 11 December 2019.

All illegal migrant Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh will be eligible for Indian citizenship after the bill is passed by Parliament and published in the President’s signature and gazette.

Apart from this, people of all six religions of these three countries will also be exempted from the rule of getting Indian citizenship. All such migrants who have been living in India for 6 years, they will be able to get citizenship here. Earlier this time limit was 11 years.

It is being opposed across the country because Muslims are not included in it, hence many opposition leaders including Asaduddin Owaisi are calling it anti-constitution.

What changes will happen after the Citizenship Amendment (CAB) is implemented?

Here the question arises what changes will happen in the citizenship law after the Citizenship Amendment Bill is implemented. You can easily understand, so let me tell you the question with an answer.

1. What is the Citizenship Amendment Bill?

The Citizenship Amendment Bill will change the Citizenship Act 1955. Under this, people of Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi religion coming to India from nearby countries including Bangladesh, Pakistan, Afghanistan will be given citizenship.

That is, Muslims are not given a place in it, only non-Muslims will be given Indian citizenship. This is becoming the biggest cause of controversy.

2. Will getting citizenship of India be easy?

Non-Muslim refugees from countries such as Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Pakistan will come to India after this bill (CAB) is converted into law, it will be easier to get citizenship here.

Because in this bill to get citizenship of India only one has to spend 6 years in India. The first citizenship grant was over 11 years. Now it has been reduced from 12 years to 6 years.

3. Will the period of residence in India be reduced?

As I mentioned above, where earlier refugees had to stay in India for 11 years to get citizenship of India, now they will have to live only in 6 years.

The citizenship amendment bill has reduced the term of 11 years to 6 years. At the same time, some other changes have been made under which some people will get citizenship immediately.

4. What is the bill opposing?

The opposition has expressed strong opposition to this bill, as it has been biased towards religion. In the new amendment bill, it has been decided to grant citizenship easily to people of other religions except Muslims.

The Opposition is raising this point and is describing this decision of Modi government on the basis of religion. He says that this is unconstitutional and wrong.

That is why many allies of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) have also opposed it. He says that this bill is meant to make Muslims feel second-class urban.

It will also violate Article 14 of the Indian Constitution, which talks about the right to equality.

5. Are there more attackers in the Northeast?

Recently, there was a huge protest in other states of Northeast including Assam regarding the National Register of Citizens. Soon after the NRC, the Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB) was introduced, which is opposed.

Several students from the Northeast, led by the North East Students Organization, opposed the bill. Apart from this, many other state governments are also against it.

In conclusion,

Although changes have already been made in the Citizenship Amendment Bill in 1995 and 2016, but this change was different because it has prescribed citizenship on the basis of caste.

The resentment of the people for not including Muslims in it. Home Minister Amit Shah said that Muslims of India were, and will remain, Indian citizens. The bill is only for the justice of the minorities of Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan.

In a way, it is absolutely correct, because it will benefit those people who did not want to divide India but are forced to live in Bangladesh and Pakistan.

by Abdullah Sam
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