Chiselled . Art that works with chisel and hammer metal plates to make them high or bas-relief of a figure.
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- 1 Procedure
- 2 Chiseling Materials
- 3 Chiseled Designs
- 4 Source
Chiseling is done on a somewhat ductile and not too hard metal plate, a few tenths of a millimeter thick, usually copper (0.8mm), alpaca (0.3mm) and quality work, silver (0.5mm) (the measurements are examples). To be worked, the metal is cut into plates of approximately the desired size, and it is glued in a preparation of vegetable or sealing resin with which the container has been completely covered. In this way the resin will cushion the blows that otherwise would greatly hurt the material, in addition to allowing the piece to be comfortably moved.
Chiseling is not a craft that requires a lot of space. In pieces of special shapes, such as knives, mates and others, the sheet is bent and welded before being chiselled, and once given the final shape, it is glued on the resin. Chiseling is worked “from above”, that is, unlike embossing, the craftsman works on the surface that will be visible when the piece is finished.
Once the piece is glued on the sealing, the figure to be chiselled is marked. There are many ways to do it, such as tracing a drawing or drawing with pencil on the metal, and then marking on material with a punch, buril, or anything sharp. Then the true chiseling work begins. With a straight or slightly curved chisel (rescuer or nail according to the jargon) according to the shape of the drawing the figure is definitely marked. The blows of the hammer on the head of the chisel must be followed and even to produce a neat line. This results in a groove the width of the chisel tip and whose depth varies according to the force with which the blows were given.
When all the drawing is marked, the parts that are sunk with a flat head chisel are sank, in the manner of a bas-relief. That way the upper part already stands out with respect to the rest. In general, the piece is remarked several times, according to the depth you want to give it. Finally the piece detaches from the resin. If what you want is a bas-relief or you are working on an object with a special shape (knife, etc.), just clean it and shine it.
Chiseled works are usually cleaned with acid when finished, so that they shine.
To perform a chisel, you need:
- A metal plate molded and cut at will.
- A set of chisels that fit the needs of the drawing.
- A container, preferably hemispherically, filled to the edge of the resin preparation.
- A resin or sealing preparation brought to the desired ductility using aggregates of chalk to harden and grease to soften.
- A wide and flat tipped hammer.
The chiseled, especially the River Plate, takes the French and Spanish baroque designs, already traditional in Argentine silverware. Naturally, a very wide variety of chiseled figures can be made, and bird and flower figures are common in the work of plates or wall ornaments. In general, designs are sought that allow the style to express its advantages in the ability to reproduce textures and depths. Chisels are often combined with bronze castings in bodies such as cups, and engraving is also very close to chiseled, which is used for fine textures or legends incorporated into the design.